Anth chap. 4

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Anth chap. 4
2011-02-13 23:22:13

notes from anth chap. 4
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  1. Hyoid bone
    a delicate bone in the neck that anchors the tongue muscles in the throat
  2. Endocast
    A copy or cast of the inside of a skull, reflecting the general shape and arrangement of the brain and its various parts
  3. Lateralization
    The division of the human brain into two halves
  4. Mitochondrial dna
    Genetic material in the mitochondria of human cells that mutates at a relatively constant rate
  5. Ancient DNA
    Genetic material preserved in archaeological remains of bones and plants that can be studied for ingormation about past genetic relationships
  6. Brow Ridge
    That part of the skull above the eye orbits
  7. Occipital bun
    a distinctive shelf or protrusion at the base of a skull; a feature usually associated with neanderthals.
  8. Robust
    "Big-boned" heavy thick-walled skeletal tissue. Robust early homonins had very large teeth
  9. Mousterian
    A term describing the stone tool assemblages of the neanderthals during the middle paleolithic, named after the site of Le Moustier in France
  10. Levallois
    A technique for manufacturing large thin flakes or points from a carefully prepared core.
  11. blade
    A special kind of elongated flake with two parallel sides and a length at least twice the width of the piece
  12. Blank
    A basic form or preform form which various kinds of tools can be shaped
  13. loess
    Wind-Blown silt deposited in deep layers in certain parts of the Northern Hemisphere
  14. Solifluction
    A phenomenon in which freezing and thawing of the ground results in slippage of the surface
  15. Red Ochre
    An iron mineral that occurs in nature, used by prehistoric peoples in powered form as a pigment for tanning animal skins
  16. Mural Art
    Painting, engraving, and sculpting on the walls shelters and cliffs
  17. Portable Art
    Decorated materials that can be moved or carried
  18. Paleoindian
    The period of large-game hunters in North America at the end of the Pleistocene
  19. Fluted Point
    The charastic artifact of the Paleoindian period in North America. The flute refers to a large channel flake removed from both sides of the base of the point to facilitate hafting.
  20. Clovis
    An archaeological culture during the Paleoindian period in North America, defined by a distingtive type of fluted point.
  21. Folsom
    An archaeological culture during the Paleoindian period in North America defined by a distinctive type of fluted point and found primarily in the Great plains