Card Set Information

2011-02-14 00:35:22

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  1. Cells
    the basic and smallest unit of life
  2. Cover slip
    thin slip used to hold an image in place and to keep water off a microscope lens
  3. Cell Membrane
    controls what enters and leavs the cell, gives shape to the cell, and holds the cytoplasm
  4. Cell Wall
    found only in plant cells, provides support and protection for the cell
  5. Chloroplast
    in plant cells, where the green colouring used during photosynthesis is stored
  6. Chlorophyll in plant cells
    the green colouring used to create food during photosynthesis
  7. Cytoplasm
    clear jelly-like material that hold organelles in place
  8. Endoplasmic Reticulum
    transports water, food, and waste around and out of the cell
  9. Magnify
    to make and object appear larger
  10. Micro-organism
    an organism that cannot be seen without magnification
  11. Microscope
    a device that bends light through a lens to magnify objects
  12. Mitochondria
    where energy production occurs in the cell
  13. Multicellular
    describes an organism with many cells
  14. Nucleus
    the organelle that controls all of the activities in the cell
  15. Organelles
    parts in a cell that do specific jobs
  16. Organisms
    living things, made up of one or more cells
  17. Photosynthesis
    process that plants use to create food using gas, light, and chemicals
  18. Slide
    small glass plate that an object is that an object is placed under a microscope
  19. Unicellular
    decribes an organism with oly one cell
  20. Vacoule
    part of a cell that stores extra water, food, and waste in the cell
  21. Adaptations
    physical characteristics or behaviours that give an organism a better chance of surviveing in a particular enviroment
  22. Altitude
    how high a location is above sea level
  23. Aquatic
    describes a biome that is in or on water
  24. Behaviour
    the way an organism acts
  25. Behavioural adaptations
    actions and activities of an organism that are important for survival
  26. Biome
    larg land regions that have distinct climate, soil, plants, and animals
  27. Camouflage
    an organism's abilitiy to blend into it's surroundings
  28. Climate
    weather patterens in an area, based on records kept over time
  29. Colouration
    the colour and patteren of an animal's skin, fur, or feathers
  30. Estuary
    area where a river flows intoan ocean or sea, with water that is a mixture of freshwater and saltwater
  31. Hibernation
    a period during winter when animals are inactive
  32. Inherited Characteristic
    a characterisic that a organism is born with
  33. Latitude
    the distance north an south od the equater
  34. Migration
    the movement of animals from one region to another in response to changes in seasons
  35. Mimicry
    Changes in shape or colour that help an organism blend into its surroundings or look like a nother organism
  36. Physical Adaptations
    physical characteristics that make an organism better suited to its biome
  37. Precipitation
    amount of rain or snow that falls in an area
  38. Weather
    local conditions of temperature and precipitation that change from day to day or hour to hour
  39. Animalia
    the kingdom of multicellular organisms that must eat other organisms to survive
  40. Bacteria
    unicellular micro-organisms that have no nucleus in there cell
  41. Classification keys
    step-by-step instructions to help you identify unknown organisms
  42. Classification System
    a way of grouping things
  43. Classify
    to group objects, information, or even ideas based on the similarities they share
  44. Field guides
    books that have pictures and descriptions to help you identify living things
  45. Fungi
    organisms that get the nutrients they need to survive by absorbing them from other organisms
  46. Genus
    at the bottom of the series of classification, a group of organisms that share many similar characteristics
  47. Invertebret
    an animal that does not have a backbone
  48. Kingdom
    in classification, the largest groupes of types of organism
  49. Non-vascular plants
    plants that are ussualy very small and absorb water directly through there cell walls
  50. Phylum
    the first division of the kingdom, organisms that share one or more important structures or characteristics
  51. Plantea
    the kingdom that contains organisms that are multicellular and use photosynthesis to obtain food
  52. Protista
    the kingdom that has the most diverse members of all of the kingdoms of life, with organisms that are unicellular or multicellular and usually live in moist or wet enviroments
  53. Species
    the smallest, most precise level of classification for an organism; members of the same species can mate to produce healthy offspring
  54. Vascular plants
    plants that have tubes that move food from the leaves to all of the other parts of the plant, including down to the roots
  55. Atoms
    tiny particles that make up all things
  56. Attract
    electricity or electric charges pull together objects or each other
  57. Battery
    a device that turns chemical energy into electricity
  58. Charged
    describes an atom that has more positive or more negative particles
  59. Conductors
    materials that allow electrons to flow through them easily
  60. Current Electricity
    electricity that is in motion
  61. Discharges
    when two objects exchange electric charges to restore the balance of charges in each object
  62. Electrons
    small particles that swirl around the nucleus of an atom and have a negative charge
  63. Electroscope
    a device that can detect the presence of electric charges
  64. Ground
    to connect an object through a conductor to the ground
  65. Imbalance
    the state of an atom that has more positively charged particles than negatively charges particles, or an atom that has more negatively charged particles than positively charges particles
  66. Insulators
    materials that block the flow of electrons
  67. Negative Charge
    the charge on the particles that swirl around the nucleus, or the charge on an atom with more or an atom with more negatively charged particles than positively charged particles
  68. Nucleus
    the center of each atom, containing particles with a positive charge
  69. Positive Charge
    the charge on the particles in an atom's nucleus, or the charge on an atom with more positively charged particles than negatively charged particles
  70. Repel
    electricity or electric charges push away away an object or each other
  71. Static Electrcity
    a build up of positive and negative charges that have become seperated from each other
  72. Uncharged
    describes an atom or an object with an equal number of positively and negatively charged particles