AP Gov Ch. 13 Terms

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Nyxelestia
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66241
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AP Gov Ch. 13 Terms
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2011-02-14 03:32:08
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government
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A.P. Gov - Government by the People, Ch. 13: The Federal Bureaucracy (Terms)
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  1. bureaucracy
    a form of organization that operates through impersoanl, uniform rules and procedures
  2. bureaucrat
    a career government employee
  3. department
    usually the largest organization in the government; also the highest rank in federal hierarchy
  4. independent agency
    a government entity that is independent of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches
  5. independent regulatory commission
    a government agency or commission with regulatory power whose independence is protected by Congress
  6. government corporation
    a government agency that operates like a business corporation, created to secure greater freedom of action and flexibility for a particular program
  7. Senior Executive Service
    established by Congress in 1978 as a flexible, mobile corps of senior career executives who work closely with presidential appointees to manage government
  8. spoils system
    a system of awarding public employment based on rewarding party loyalists and friends
  9. merit system
    a system of public employment in which selection and promotion depend on demonstrated performance rather than political patronage
  10. Office of Personnel Management
    agency that administers civil service laws, rules, and regulations
  11. Hatch Act
    federal statue barring federal employees from active participation in certain kids of politics an protecting them fom being fired on partisan grounds
  12. implementation
    process of putting a law into practice through bureaucratic rules or spending
  13. administrative discretion
    authority given by Congress to the federal bureaucracy to use reasonable judgment in implementing the laws
  14. regulations
    the formal instructions that government issues for implementing laws
  15. rule-making process
    the formal process for making regulations
  16. uncontrollable spending
    the portion of the federal budget that is spend on programs, such as Social Security, that the president and Congress are unwilling to cut
  17. entitlement program
    programs such as unemployment insurance, disaster relief, or disability payments, that provide benefits to all eligible citizens
  18. indexing
    providing automatic increases to compensate for inflation
  19. oversight
    legislative or executive review of a particular government program or organization; can be in response to a crisis of some kind or part of a routine review
  20. central clearance
    review of all executive branch testimony, reports, and draft legislation by the Office of Management and Budgent to ensure that each communication to Congress is in accordance with the President's program

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