The Sea and IR - Test 1
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What is the meaning of double landlocked?
A country who is surounded by countries, none of which border an ocean
What are the two double land locked countries in the world?
Uberbajain and Lichtenstein
Who is involved with Law of the Sea?
Everyone, even the smaller countries
What was found in penguins?
Why was it surprising to find penguins with DDT?
Because Antarctica is the area with the lowest impact by humans
What direction is the circulation of water on the earth
roughly left to right
How long does it take water to curclate entirely around the earth?
What is the most important part about the circulation of water around the earth to us?
It shapes our weather
What might happen to the conveyor belt of water in the future?
It could slow down or maybe even stop
What are some consequences of the water conveyor belt slowing down/stopping
- growing regions shift
- some countries doen't have capacity to adjust (like not enough money)
consistantly add same amount of energy, but one time all of the sudden change
What is the oceans role with CO2?
What is the proble with calling the ocean a CO2 sink?
- We don't have long term measurments
- only a monestary for 600 years
What area of the sea floor particurally complicates laws?
the continental shelf
Why does the continetal shelf further complicate law?
- drop off
- is it still a part of that country
What is the law about resources on the bottom of the ocean?
belong to everyone
What problems are created by the N. Pacific Gyre?
- things go in circles
- catch junk in water
- lots of sea animals migrate through area
- sea animals eat the junk
- oil coat
- try to keep the proper name of ships out of newspapers
What might happen with oceans and weather in the future?
- Events such as el nino
- much more dramatic
Problems with Beach Erosions
- losing coastlines
- lots of cities on coast - can't all rebuild
- sea shell islands raising alarm - more vulnerable than they used to be
What color is water when there is a lot of water?
Where are fisheries?
in areas under national control
what are drift nets?
up to 40 miles long, throw in water and pull up everything
- fish you can't carry
- killed and thrown back
What are some problems faced with fishing?
overfishing except for 2 countries
How did the British view the ocean?
- free trade
- freedom of the seas
When was the first sea lord and what did he say?
- 5 keys to the world and we have them all
What were the 5 keys to the world?
- Good Hope
Why did the US build the Panama Canal?
- we control
- lots of shipinping
How did Shakespere view the ocean?
- keeps people out
What did people beleive about the sea in 1890?
That you cannot be invaded by the sea
What were the 3 technical revolutions between 1400 and 1700?
- ocean navigation
Of artillary, printing and, ocean navigation which leads to power imbalance between different parts of golbe?
What makes some countries more wealthy than others?
- burocracy - best people in best jobs
- external sources of information - everyone have access - more minds
- western technology
What did the west invent?
Double ended book keeping
Why did only liberal countries have people sailing out?
Because bringing a fleet will bring new ideas
What are the 3 tradiational perspectives for study of the ocean?
- Resource provider - fish
- transport areana - move things/people
What are the requirments to move things via land?
- things you can carry
- don't perish
When was the first naval battle?
1500 BC - hapshetsut
When and what was it called, the first battle out of the site of land?
Before naval battles what was the point of a navy?
Getting your fleet there
Can societies regulte the entire ocean space or only coastal areas?
90% of fish cought from 37% of ocean in coastal areas
How much of the world's goods are carried by sea?
- 95% by weight
- 67% by value
Three aspects of social "construction"
Capatalist view point
- capatalism creates places - independent of physical conformation
- arranges created spaces heiracrchically as sources/producers of value
- world systems - oceans are used for capatalists trade dominence and belong to the dominant powers
- articulated nodes of proudction - ocenas sperate subsistance workers from wealthiest capatlist societeis
- spaical dialetics - oceans permit inequality of investment and production necesary to capatalism
- oceans are "emptiable" - subject ot no ones states rule
- oceans have secondary status relative to land terratories of states - we live on land
- idea of who controls what are entirely a construct of dominant powers
- even with the advent of the scientific method, the oceans still seem as 'open'
- land is developable and governable
- oceans are undevelopable and anarchic
- oceans creates a sense of otherness
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