Hist Terms Ch 19-22

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Hist Terms Ch 19-22
2011-02-14 21:14:44
Hist Terms

Hist Terms Ch 19-22
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  1. Fascism
    A kind of aggressive nationalism
  2. Internationalism
    The idea that trade between nations creates prosperity and helps to prevent war
  3. Appeasement
    The policy of giving concessions in exchange for peace
  4. Blitzkrieg
    Lightning warfare
  5. Holocaust
    Catastrophe that ravaged Europe's Jews
  6. Concentration Camp
    Rounding up Jews and taking them to detention centers
  7. Extermination Camp
    Where elderly and young Jews died in massive gas chambers
  8. Hemisphere Defense Zone
    Declared Western hemisphere to be neutral and the U.S. would patrol the area against German submarines
  9. Strategic Materials
    Materials important for fighting a war
  10. Cost-Plus
    Agreed to pay a company whatever if cost to make a product plus a guaranteed percentage of the costs as profit
  11. Liberty Ship
    Basic cargo ship used during the war
  12. Disfranchised
    African Americans being denied their right to vote
  13. Periphery
    Edges of the German empire
  14. Convoy System
    Cargo Ships traveling in groups while being escourted by navy warships
  15. Sunbelt
    A new industrial region made up of Southern California, and cities in the deep South
  16. Rationing
    Limiting availability of products to make sure enough is available for military use
  17. Victory Gardens
    To plant gardens to produce more food for the war effort
  18. Amphtrac
    An amphibious tractor used to move troops from ships to shore
  19. Kamikaze
    A japanese suicide pilot whose mission was to crash into his target
  20. Hedgerow
    Dirt walls, several feet thick covered in shrubbery
  21. Napalm
    A kind of jellied gasoline
  22. Charter
  23. Cold War
    Confrontation and competition between the U.S. and Soviet Union lasting from 1946-1990
  24. Iron Curtain
    Political and military barrier that isolated Soviet controlled countries of Eastern Europe after World War II
  25. Containment
    Keeping communism within its present territory through the use of diplomats, economic, and military action
  26. Limited War
    A war fought to achieve a limited objective, such as containing communism
  27. Subversion
    A war fought to secretely weaken a society and overthrow its government
  28. Perjury
    Lying under oath
  29. Censure
    Formal disapproval
  30. Fallout
    Radiation left over after the blast of an atomic bomb
  31. Fallout Shelter
    A shelter built with the intent to house and protect people from nuclear fallout
  32. Massive Radiation
    To threaten to use nuclear weapons if a Communist state tried to seize territory by force
  33. Brinkmanship
    The willingness to go to the brink of war to force the other side to back down
  34. Covert
  35. Developing Nations
    Nations with primarily agricultural economies
  36. Military Industrial Complex
    An informal relationship that some people believe exists between the military and the defence industry to promote greater military spending and influence government policy
  37. Closed Shops
    The practice of forcing business owners to hire only union members
  38. Right to Work Laws
    A law making it illegal to require employees to join a union
  39. Union Shops
    Shops in which new workers were required to join the union
  40. Featherbedding
    The practice of limiting work output in order to create more jobs
  41. Dynamic Conservatism
    Balancing economic conservatism with some activism
  42. White Collar
    Jobs in sales and management
  43. Blue Collar
    People who perform physical in labor in industry
  44. Multinational Corporations
    Large corporations with overseas investments
  45. Franchises
    When a person owns and runs one or several stores of a chain operation
  46. Baby Boom
    A marked rise in birthrate, occuring after WWII
  47. Generation Gap
    Cultural separation between children and their parents
  48. Poverty Line
    A figure set by the government to reflect the minimum income requirement to support a family
  49. Urban Renewal
    Tried to eliminate poverty by tearing down slums and erecting new high-rise buildings for poor residents
  50. Termination Policy
    When the federal government withdres all official recognition of the Native American groups as legal entities and made them subject to the same laws as whites
  51. Juvenile Delinquincy
    Antisocial or criminal behavior of young people