Lab Values

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Author:
squirrelproductions
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66424
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Lab Values
Updated:
2011-09-05 12:26:26
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Lab Values
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Lab Values
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  1. Cholesterol
    80-110 mg/dL 60-80 mg/dL (fasting)
  2. BMI
    18.9 - 24.9 25-29.9 overweight 30+ obese
  3. Hematocrit
    men: 42% - 47% women: 37% - 47%
  4. Hemoglobin
    12 - 16.5 g/dL abnormal: iron-deficiency anemia
  5. Serum Potassium
    3.5 - 5.0 mEQ/L

    hypokalemia: less than normal; S+S: Anorexia, vomiting, constipation, distention, ileus, muscle weakness,cramps, dysrhythmias, weak pulse, shallow respirations, confusion, (etc.)

    Primary intracelluar cation. Affects most body systems. Vital for normalneuromuscular and cardiac functions
  6. Albumin
    3.5 - 5 g/dL abnormal: protein depletion
  7. Transferrin
    230 - 400 mg/dL abnormal: protein deficiency
  8. Total Lymphocyte Count
    1500 - 4000 mm3
  9. BUN / Blood Urea Nitrogen
    8 - 25 mg/dL abnormal: if high
  10. Urine Creatinine
    men: 800-2000 mg / 24 hours women: 600 - 1800 mg / 24 hours abnormal: if low
  11. Specific Gravity (urine)
    1.010 - 1.025
  12. pH (urine)
    7.35 - 7.45
  13. RBCs / Red Blood Cells
    men: 4.7 - 6.1 million/mm3 women: 4.2 - 5.4 million/mm3
  14. WBCs / White Blood Cells
    5 - 10 k/mm3
  15. Prealbumin
    16 - 35 mg/dL
  16. Sodium
    136 - 145 mEQ/dL

    Primary extracellular cation. Maintains osmotic pressure. Changes affect waterbalance because water follows salt

    hyponatremia - less than normal; S+S: Apprehension, lethargy, confusion, abdominal cramps, weak, thready pulse,orthostatic hypotension, dry skin (etc.)
  17. Platelets
    150 - 400 k/mm3
  18. Lactate
    0.3 - 2.6 mmol/L

    if elevated, anaerobic metabolism due to hypoperfusion
  19. Calcium (Ca++)
    9.0-11.0 mg/dL

    Found in free or ionized state and bound to plasma proteins. Helps in skeletalformation, neuromuscular activity, and blood coagulation
  20. Chloride (Cl–)
    96-106 mEq/L

    Major negative ion in the extracellular fluid. Closely linked with sodiumHelps to maintain osmotic pressure in the serum
  21. Phosphate (PO4–)
    3.0-4.5 mg/dL

    Major intracellular anion. Closely linked with calcium. Promotes neuromuscularactivity, cell division, and metabolism of foods
  22. Magnesium (Mg++)
    1.8-3.0 mg/dL

    Mostly an intracellular ion. Essential for neuromuscular and the enzymefunctions of the cell
  23. Fe
    65 - 165 mcg/dL
  24. Ferritin
    18 - 160 mg/dL
  25. Amylase
    23-85 U/L
  26. Lipase
    0-60 U/L

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