Biology Ch. 14

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Biology Ch. 14
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2011-02-15 17:26:08
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Biology Ch. 14
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  1. Bacteria are

    A. Eukaryotic
    B. Prokaryotic
    Prokaryotic
  2. Small, circular piece of DNA found in some bacteria

    A. Capsule
    B. Plasmids
    C. flagella
    plasmids
  3. Arranged in a single circular chromosome

    A. DNA
    B. pili
    C. RNA
    DNA
  4. Gives the cell its shape

    A. flagella
    B. cilia
    C. cell wall
    cell wall
  5. Protective layer surrounding the cell wall, makes it difficult to kill the bacteria

    A. capsule
    B. flagella
    C. pili
    capsule
  6. Long whip-like tail in some bacteria

    A. capsule
    B. flagella
    C. pili
    flagella
  7. Short, hair-like structures involved in reproduction

    A. capsule
    B. flagella
    C. pili
    pili
  8. Reproduction of bacteria

    A. usually asexual
    B. usually sexual
    usually asexual
  9. Process by which the chromosome is replicated and the cell divides

    A. conjugation
    B. transformation
    C. binary fission
    binary fission
  10. Process by which bacteria pick up and incorporate DNA from dead bacterial cells

    A. conjugation
    B. transformation
    C. binary fission
    transformation
  11. Sexual reproduction in which genetic material is passed thru cell to cell contact

    A. conjugation
    B. transformation
    C. binary fission
    conjugation
  12. Have a hard outer covering and are resistant to drying out, extreme temperatures, and many chemicals

    A. chromosomes
    B. pili
    C. endospores
    endospores
  13. Group of monerans that are found in extreme habitats where little else lives

    A. eubacteria
    B. archaebacteria
    archaebacteria
  14. Live in oxygen-free environments and produce methane

    A. halophiles
    B. thermophiles
    C. methanogens
    methanogens
  15. Live in extremely hot water

    A. halophiles
    B. thermophiles
    C. methanogens
    thermophiles
  16. Live in extremely salty conditions

    A. halophiles
    B. thermophiles
    C. methanogens
    halophiles
  17. "True" bacteria

    A. eubacteria
    B. archaebacteria
    eubacteria
  18. 4 ways that bacteria are classified
    • Cell shape
    • Cell wall composition
    • Nutrition
    • Respiration
  19. Sphere-shaped bacteria

    A. coccus
    B. bacillus
    C. spirillum
    coccus
  20. Rod-shaped bacteria

    A. coccus
    B. bacillus
    C. spirillum
    bacillus
  21. Cell shaped like coiled rods or corkscrews

    A. coccus
    B. bacillus
    C. spirillum
    spirillum
  22. Joined in pairs

    A. staphylococcus
    B. diplococcus
    C. streptococcus
    diplococcus
  23. Joined in clusters

    A. staphylococcus
    B. diplococcus
    C. streptococcus
    staphylococcus
  24. Joined in chains

    A. staphylococcus
    B. diplococcus
    C. streptococcus
    streptococcus
  25. Organisms stained with purple dye
    gram staining
  26. The purple die remains and is less resistant to antibiotics
    gram positive
  27. The purple die does not "stick" and are more resistant to antibiotics
    gram negative
  28. Organisms that cannot make their own food
    heterotrophs
  29. Organisms that can make their own food
    autotrophs
  30. Feeds on dead or decaying organisms

    A. cyanobacteria
    B. saprophyte
    C. chemoautotrophs
    saprophyte
  31. Lives on or in an organism doing it harm
    parasite
  32. Capture light to make their own food

    A. cyanobacteria
    B. saprophyte
    C. chemoautotrophs
    cyanobacteria
  33. Obtain energy from breaking down chemicals

    A. cyanobacteria
    B. saprophyte
    C. chemoautotrophs
    chemoautotrophs
  34. Use oxygen to break down food

    A. anaerobes
    B. aerobes
    aerobes
  35. Can break down food in the absence of oxygen

    A. anaerobes
    B. aerobes
    anaerobes
  36. Infects the lungs

    A. Botulism
    B. Tetanus
    C. Tuberculosis
    tuberculosis
  37. Causes lock jaw

    A. Botulism
    B. Tetanus
    C. Tuberculosis
    tetanus
  38. Food poisoning caused by bacteria

    A. Botulism
    B. Tetanus
    C. Tuberculosis
    botulism
  39. Breaks down dead or decaying material
    decomposers
  40. Infection results from the bite of the deer tick

    A. Strep
    B. Lyme Disease
    C. Tetanus
    Lyme Disease
  41. Turning nitrogen into a usable form for plants
    nitrogen fixation
  42. 4 Ways that bacteria benefit humans
    • 1. Used in foods such as yogurt, cheese, vinegar, etc.
    • 2. Medicines - produce some antibiotics
    • 3. Agriculture - nitrogen fixation
    • 4. Environmental - used to help clean up oils spills

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