History 2 Exam 1

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History 2 Exam 1
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2011-02-15 22:06:22
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Exam 1
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  1. 1. 10% Plan: Congressional Recon, Radical Republicans – not in session
    • a. Lincolns Reconstruction plan
    • b. Presidential R. Ends slavery. Reuniting south north
    • c. 1/10th south. Pop must pledge loyalty for readmission
    • d. Pledge loyalty to end
  2. 2. Debt Peonage
    a. Is a legal form of slavery used civil war
  3. 3. Freedman Bureau
    • a. GOU AGENCY
    • b. PROVIDE OVERSIGHT/support
    • i. 40 acres + mule
    • ii. Schools, public care and protection
    • c. A-A southern community
  4. 4. Andrew Johnson (Impeach)
    • a. Congress says Tenure of Office Act Edwin Stanton
    • b. Support a quick Reconstruction
  5. 5. Military Recon. Act
    • a. Radical Congressional
    • b. 5 military (5 districts)
    • c. Military occupation
    • d. Gov. control of race issue (Freedman Bureau)
    • i. 40 acres + mule
    • ii. Wax debt
  6. 6. 13th Amendment
    a. Ends slavery
  7. 7. 14th amendment
    • a. due process
    • b. Andrew Johnson (Tennessee)
  8. 8. 15th Amendment
    • a. a-a men can vote
    • b. Guarantee to African American vote (7%)
    • i. Limitations to vote
    • ii. Pull Tax
    • iii. Understanding Test
  9. 9. Compromise 1877
    • a. Ends reconstruction $ decide
    • b. Election of 1876 (splits elections vote between Hayes (Rep.) & Tilden (D)
    • c. Southern Dem. to cabinet
    • d. Fed $ for trans & infrastructure
  10. 10.Black Codes
    • a.Set of laws (written/understood
    • b.Restrict A-A behavior
  11. 11.KKK
    • a.Secret (illegal) 1940 come back on Chicago
    • b.Anti- onteguation
    • c.Type of violence
    • d.Lynch
  12. 12.Radical Republicans
    • a.Congressional power
    • b.Aggressive, punitive treatment of south
    • c.Dictate tone recon. Until 1877
  13. 13.Laissez – Faire
    • a.Hands off policy
    • b.U.S. Gov. will not regular economy (provide no oversight)
    • c.Consistently sides is in industry over labor
  14. 14.Vertical Integration

    • a. Owning every stage of production
    • b. Carnegele (U.S Steel)
  15. 15. Horizontal integration
    • a. Owning all competition
    • b. Trust or monopoly
    • c. Rockefeller (standard oil)
  16. 16.Alexander G. Bell
    • a.Telephone
    • b.American Bell
    • c.Both Integration: Vertical & Horizontal
  17. 17.JP Morgan
    • a.Banking/investments
    • b.Access to wealth allows
    • c.Control of industry
  18. 18.Santa Clara
    • a.Companies are individual
    • b.Entitled to protection under lyth amond
    • c.Allows rapid growth of industry
  19. 19.A.C. Bell
    • a.Telephone
    • b.Horizontal & vertical integration
  20. 20.Social Darwinism
    • a.Justifying poor/rich divide
    • b.Applies natural selection to economic principles
    • c.Public programs will drain resources & keep unwanted elements
  21. 21.Gospel of wealth
    a.Applying dinne justice to poverty
  22. 22.Social Darwinist
    • a.Except the Idea
    • b.Fail American Empire
  23. 1.
    Nativism
    • a. Anti-immigrant sentiment
    • b. Places importance on WASP
    • c. All others restricted from immigrant or limited in lifestyle
  24. 1. Birdsof Passage
    • a. Men (18-24)
    • b. Immigrants w/temporary residency
    • c. Want return to native lands
    • d. Return rates small due to economic status
  25. 1.
    Jack
    Johnson
    • a. Boxer - African America
    • b. Defeats Jefferies (Great White Hope)
    • i. Changes American perspective of A-A
    • 1. Emphasizes strength/physical city over intelligence
    • c. Challenges social norms (Re-A-A) pushes white (black race issue)
  26. 1. HarrisonAnti-Narcotic Act
    • a. Control drug use through
    • i. Regulation
    • b. Crime/health issues
    • c. Regulation of public healt
  27. 1.
    Samuel
    Goldwyn
    • a. Jewish (minority) MGM
    • b. Minority populations play large role in growth of leisure culture
  28. 1. Players League
    • a. Union designed to protect baseball players
    • b. Fails due to competition
    • c. Demonstrate
    • i. Institutionalization
    • d. Leisure and the incorporation by big business
  29. 1. Jim Thorpe
    • a. Native American
    • b. Olympics athlete (wins)
    • i. Stripped of metals due to $
    • ii. Minorities excluded who possible from white culture
  30. Jack Jackson
  31. 1. Georgia vs Cherokee Nation
    • a. SC case – US. Gov. Must honor treaties
    • b. Jackson pushes removal & us stance becomes not assimilation
    • c. Trail of tears
  32. 1. Chief Joseph
    • a. Nez Perce – Attempt assimilation removed by U.S.
    • b. Flee military & be overtaken & killed
    • c. Removal
  33. 1. Little Big Horn
    • a. Sitting ball
    • b. Challenges military (costar)
    • c. Defeats American forces
    • d. Leads dramatic escalation of NA directed violence
  34. 1. Wounded Knee
    • a. Last NA large scales rest (Last Major Indian)
    • b. Military destiny siouce
    • c. Leads to a withdrawal from harsh policy toward N-A removals
  35. 1. Patrons of Husbandry (Granger Laws)
    • a. Western reform group
    • b. Farmers Alliance
    • c. Hope to create alliance of small farmers that can fight off big business advantage
    • d. Support laws standard by business practices
  36. 1. McKinley Tariff (Republican)
    • a. Panic of 1890
    • b. McKinley Tar
    • c. Corey’s Army
    • d. Gold standard
    • i. Gold only (UK)
  37. 1. Dawes Severalty Act
    • a. Outlaws N.A. culture (long/Rel/tribal units)
    • b. Hopes to eliminate cultures & push assimilation
    • c. Provides education
  38. Ghost Dance
    • a. Wovoka leads (Failure of Assimilation)
    • b. Was dream that a return to N.A. – U.S. military forces end of forces though violence
  39. Manifest Destiny
    • a. U.S. has unique destiny, determine by God, to expand territory East coast
    • b. Expands settle west
    • c. Native American pushed off land
  40. 1. Buffalo Soldiers (western territories)
    • a. A.A. military units
    • b. Attack
    • c. Segregation union
    • d. 1871; revorce Treaty System
  41. Free Silver
    • a. Economic Term
    • b. Gold Standard – 1870
    • i. Crime of 1870
  42. 1. Populist
    1892
  43. 1. Booker T Washington
    • a. Opposed by W.E.B. DnBoie
    • b. Forms Tuskegee institute
    • c. A-A will gain equal rights when economically important (equal)
    • d. Hanta compromise
  44. 1. Ida. B. Wells
    a. Don’t support Lynching

    b. Use northern audience to push reform
  45. 1. Plessy v. Ferguson
    • a. Separate but equals
    • i. Segregation allowed as long as facilities are equal $
    • b. Legalizes segregation
  46. 1. Sherman Anti-Trust Act
    • a. Outlaws trust (Rockefeller)
    • b. Laissez faire policy outside of union interferemic
  47. Alfred Thayer Kahan
    • a. The influence of Sea Power Union History
    • b. All great nations and smons navy
    • c. U.S. should fund development
  48. 1. American Exceptionnalism
    • a. U.S. has superior pp, resources, religion, Gov. system
    • b. Responsibility to spend ideologies
    • i. Pushes the emotion of empire
    • (imperialism)
  49. 1. Election 1996
    • a. Fusion ticket
    • i. Jenning Biiuyang
    • ii. Tom Watsing
    • b. Split between D&P
    • c. 3rd party system is unable to sustain itself or longer profits
  50. 1. Sewards Folly
    • a. William seward
    • b. Wants American empire
    • c. Huge Alaska (from Russian)
    • d. Congress Refuses to find
    • i. 1st foray into concerted empire building
  51. 1. White Squadron
    • a. Attempt after C.W. to rebuild
    • b. 2 fleets
  52. 1. Spanish – American War
    • a. Dispute begins in Cuba – has pacific sphere (Philippines)
    • i. Revolution (Leader – Jose Marti
    • ii. Explosion of Maine pushes U.S. to War
    • iii. Teller A. - U.S. has no aims fro control
    • 1. Will not he involved after war
    • iv. Ends with treaty of Paris
  53. 1. Treaty of Paris
    • a. Ends Spanish American war
    • b. Ends Spanish empire
    • c. Independent Cuba
    • d. U.S. receiver: Puerto Rico Guantanamo Bay
    • e. Limited addressing of other native revolution
    • f. Tellor A. & Platt A. – U.S. will have veto power over all Cuba decision
  54. 1. Yellow Journalism
    • a. Sensationalized and emotionalized, slanted presentation of news
    • b. Attempts to
    • i. Sway popular opinion toward a certain viewpoint
    • ii. Financial again through newspapers sales
  55. 1. Rough Riders
    • a. T. Rosvelt leads
    • b. Volunteer army
    • c. Wins decisive U.S. battle (Cuba)
    • d. John Juan
  56. 1. Emilio Aguinaldo
    • a. Leader of Philippine Revolution
    • b. Exiled but brought hack by Dewey (U.S. Navy)
    • c. Used to over thought the Spanish
    • d. Will become enemy of U.S./ capture (surreddents revolution)
    • e. Comes under oversight of U.S. (part of America empires)
  57. 1. Great White Fleet
    • a. U.S. navy (Pacific)
    • b. Larger naval force (expansion of W. Squadron)
    • c. Used to control international population
  58. 1. Big Stick Diplomacy
    • a. Use threat of violence to force policy decision favorable to U.S.
    • Roosevelt
  59. 1. Dollar Diplomacy
    • a. Taft’s foreign policy
    • b. American Instruments own control
    • Other nations buy up country’s debt
  60. 1. Open Door Policy
    • a. John Hay
    • i. Concerns over closed markers & limited access
    • No laws that restrict open trade w/China
  61. 1. Missionary Diplomacy
    • a. Wilson’s Policy
    • b. Build empire through the spread of American ideology
    • c. Similar mind gets lead to similar interest & foreign policy decision

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