are the components of cells that make proteins from all amino acids.
One of the central tenets of biology, often referred to as the "central dogma," is that DNA is used to make RNA, which, in turn, is used to make protein.
- The DNA sequence in genes is copied into a messenger RNA (mRNA).
- Ribosomes then read the information in this RNA and use it to create proteins.
This process is known as translation; i.e., the ribosome "translates" the genetic information from RNA into proteins.
Ribosomes do this by binding to an mRNA and using it as a template for the correct sequence of amino acids in a particular protein.