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what was the political philosophy of enlightenment thinkers?
- didn't grant full religious freedom.
- popular voice in government.
What does proindustrialzation refer to?
people becoming full or part time producers of textiles and metal products, working at home.
List the causes of the american revolution
britatins atlantic colonies rebellion in 1775, no settling past the App.
What happened in 17889 at the clsoe of fighting in America?
United States won its freedom. 1789- set up a new constitutional structure
What was the cause of the french revolution?
There were 3 estates and the 3rd making up 97% of the populationw as taxed the most and had no power.
What would the storming of the Bastille on July, 14th 1789 serve as for the revolution?
the revolutions symbol
List what the radical phase of the french revolution led to
- Reign of terror
- abolished the monarchy- the king was decapitated
In what year did a europeans alliance crush the french empire?
1814 and 1815
explain how the french revolution and Napolean had an affect on the rest of europe
encouraged popular nationalism outside of france and within french armies tore down local govt.
focused on issues of political structure. Didn't want govt. to interfere in personal life
What group would attack the idea of private property and capitalist exploitation of workers?
what was the greek revolution of 1820?
against the ottoman rule- a key step in gradually ismantling the ottoman empire in teh balkans.
What was the result of the belgian revolution of 1830?
produced a liberal regime and a newly independent nation
Explain the significance of the reform bill of 1832
gace the parliamentary vote to MOST middle class men
what did louis pasteur's discovery of germs lead to in the 1880s?
more sanitary regulatons and procedures by doctors, health specialists. Reduced prgnancy deaths
what was nejamin diraeli responsible for in great britain in 1867?
granting voting right to ALL working class men
WHo managed to unite italy around 1858?
Count Camillo di Cavour
explain how Otoo con Bismarch united the german state in 1871
also granted suffrage for all men, freedom of the press, promoted mass education, carved out germany with wars around it
List the ways in which govt. functions expanded in the west following 1870
- introduce civial service examination
- extend regulator apparaties
- hold hospitals to higher standards
- wider welfare
- school was for ages up to 12
explain the political philosophy of Karl Marx
- didn't like utopias
- there were 2 groups and there were arguments over who would have more power ( capitalism)
Explain how charles darwins theory of evolution clashed with traditional christian beliefs
- christians- god created human
- him- people developed over time
explain the concept of american exceptionlism
we wer better than everyone elese/ different ethenticity. developed by ourselves
list areas of western expansion in the 19th century
canada, australia, and new zealand
what did the colony of australia originate as in 1788 ?
a penal colony. of convicts.
what group did the british come into contact with the new zealand and eventually conquered
members of the triple alliance
germany, austria-hungary, italy
members of the triple entente
britain, russia, france
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