Sensory Motor Development
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Sensory motor development occcurs
from birth to 2 years
Sensory motor development is
The ability of the brain to organize input for use in movement, static positioning, knowledge about environment
Vestibular system is
- Sensory System
- Mechanism located in the inner ear and is activated by movement or by changing head postion
Functions of Vestibular System Include
- Maintiaining Equilibrium
- Direction of eye gaze
- Maintaining vision dependent upon head position
Proprioceptive/Kisnesthetic System is
- Sensory system
- Provides info from inside the body-especially muscles, joints and ligaments.
- Provides internal awareness of body parts to allow us to perform activities w/ coordination
Functions of the proprioceptive system include:
- Providing input for joint stability
- Joint movement/position in space
Pts. must learn to control proprioceptive System
To provide co-contraction of muscles for joint stability and alert them to position of their body & body parts in relationship to the environment.
Activities used to stimulate proprioceptive system include:
- body weight
- punch a bag
- wearing weights
- climbing activities
Responsible for sensory messages rcvd through our skin.
Fucntions of the tactile system are:
Aid in use of touch to lear abou tthe body and environment
Pts. must learn to use the tactile system
as a basic component of motor learning & to help determine the quality of objects as well as own body.
Activities used to stimulate the tactile area are
- patting on the back
- arm aruond the shoulder
- back rub
- deep and light massage
- use of different textures
Motor planning system helps
Child's ability to organize, plan and execute a new or unpracticed motor task
Motor planning development is directly related:
to development of the sensory systems, especially the tactile system.
Activities used to stimulate Motor Planning System Are:
- Improving tactile responses
- kinesthetic-proprioceptive processing
- increase body awareness
Equilibruim System is
Responsible for the ability of the body to adjust to movements or shifts to maintain or regain balance
Equilibrium system is closely linked to
vestibular and kinesthetic sensory systems
Activities used to stimulate the Equilibrium system:
- Balance type activities using the individual's own body or other apparatus that challenges the pts ability to cope
- Changes in position
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