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The process of ongoing hange, reorganizaiton, and ingration that occurs throughout life.
- Body structure
- Physiologial function
- Psycosocial behaviors
- Emotional responses
Define "Nature and Nurture"
Two primary factors that drive growth and development - genetics and environment.
Involves the potential for human function determined by a persons inheretance of 46 chromosomes that carry information from the birth parents.
defines the context in which a person exists including both animate and inanimate surroundings.
A highly individual, cognative, neurosensory process that allows each person to experience the environment uniquely.
A series of changes that start with conceptiona and continue thru death.
Define Critical Period
A time during whih specific environmental or biologic events must occure for development to proceed normally.
Reorganization and integration is
When a perosn demonstrates new abilities acquired through change
Concepts of Development include:
- Principles of Growth and Development
- Growth and Development Theories
Growth and Development Theories include:
- Psycodynamic Theories.
- Cognitive Development Theories.
- Developmental Task Theory
- Human Needs Theory
Psychodynamic Theories are:
- Freud - Importance of Childhood experience on adult personality.
- Erickson - Psychosocial theory of development encompassed social and cultural influences as well.
Cognitive Development is
Deals with perception and thinking, focuses on development of intellectual processes.
Cognitive Development Theories are:
- Piaget - assumption that human nature is essentially rational and that the individual's basic goal is to learn ot master the environment.
- Kohlberg - extended Piagets moral reasoning to include moral development
Developmental Task Theory
Based on learning and learned behaviors which emanate from biologic, physchological and social origins across a lifespan.
Human Needs Theory
- Proposes people are basically good when born and attempt to become all they are capabale of becoming throughout their lives.