Lifespan

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Author:
Fontana02
ID:
67219
Filename:
Lifespan
Updated:
2011-02-18 02:27:30
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Nursing
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Description:
Lifespan Development
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  1. Define Development
    The process of ongoing hange, reorganizaiton, and ingration that occurs throughout life.
  2. Development affects
    • Body structure
    • Physiologial function
    • Psycosocial behaviors
    • Emotional responses
    • Cognition
  3. Define "Nature and Nurture"
    Two primary factors that drive growth and development - genetics and environment.
  4. Define Genetics
    Involves the potential for human function determined by a persons inheretance of 46 chromosomes that carry information from the birth parents.
  5. Define Environment
    defines the context in which a person exists including both animate and inanimate surroundings.
  6. Define Perception
    A highly individual, cognative, neurosensory process that allows each person to experience the environment uniquely.
  7. Change is
    A series of changes that start with conceptiona and continue thru death.
  8. Define Critical Period
    A time during whih specific environmental or biologic events must occure for development to proceed normally.
  9. Reorganization and integration is
    When a perosn demonstrates new abilities acquired through change
  10. Concepts of Development include:
    • Principles of Growth and Development
    • Growth and Development Theories
  11. Growth and Development Theories include:
    • Psycodynamic Theories.
    • Cognitive Development Theories.
    • Developmental Task Theory
    • Human Needs Theory
  12. Psychodynamic Theories are:
    • Freud - Importance of Childhood experience on adult personality.
    • Erickson - Psychosocial theory of development encompassed social and cultural influences as well.
  13. Cognitive Development is
    Deals with perception and thinking, focuses on development of intellectual processes.
  14. Cognitive Development Theories are:
    • Piaget - assumption that human nature is essentially rational and that the individual's basic goal is to learn ot master the environment.
    • Kohlberg - extended Piagets moral reasoning to include moral development
  15. Developmental Task Theory
    Based on learning and learned behaviors which emanate from biologic, physchological and social origins across a lifespan.
  16. Human Needs Theory
    Humanistic Theories
    Phenomenologic Theories
    • Proposes people are basically good when born and attempt to become all they are capabale of becoming throughout their lives.
    • Maslow

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