term chap 11.txt
Card Set Information
term chap 11.txt
appendages or accessory structures of an organ
orbit also known as?
bony cavity of the skull that contains and protects the eyeball and its associated muscles, blood vessels, and nerves
right eye; oculus dexter
left eye; oculus sinister
each eye or both eyes; oculus uterque
left eye; OS
right eye; OD
each eye or both eyes
tarsus is also known as?
framework within the upper and lower eyelids that provides the necessary stiffness and shape
transparent mucous membrane that lines the underside of each eyelid and continues to form a protective covering to form a protective covering over the exposed surface of the eyeball
lacrimal apparatus also known as?
structures that produce, store, and remove tears
measurement of the fluid pressure inside the eye
rods and cones
retina receive images that have passed through the lens of the eye
colorful muscular layer of the eye that surrounds the pupil
normal relationship between the refractive power of the eye and the shape of the eye that enables light rays to focus correctly on the retina
physican who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the eyes and vision
dr. of optometry degree and specializes in measuring the accuracy of vision to determine whether corrective lenses are needed
drooping of the upper eyeld that is usually due to paralysis
chalazion also known as?
localized swelling inside the eyelid resulting from obstruction a sebceous gland
eversion (turn outward) of the edge of an eyelid
inversion (turn inward) of the edge of an eyelid
hordeolum also known as?
pus-filled lesion on the eyelid resutling from an infection in a sebaceous glad
swelling surrounding the eye or eyes
conjunctivitis also known as?
inflammation of the conjunctiva
inflammation of the lacrimal gland that can be caused by a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection
Xerophthalmia also known as?
drying of eye surfaces including conjunctiva
inflammation of the uveal tract affecting primarily structures in front of the eye
inflammation of the cornea
benign growth on the cornea that can become large enough to distort vision
inflammation of the sclera
condition in which the pupils are unequal in size
loss of transparency of the lens that causes a progressive loss of visual clarity
pupils are equal, round, responsive to light and accomodation
involuntary, constant, rhythmic movement of the eyeball that can be congenital or caused by a neurological injry or drug use
papilledema also known as?
swelling and inflammation of the optic nerve at the point of eneternce into the eye through the optic disk
diseases characterized by increased intraocular pressure that cuase damage to the retinal nerve fibers and the optic nerve
diplopia also known as?
preception of two images of a single object
blindness in one-half of the visual field
nyctalopia also known as/
an individual with normal daytime vision has difficulty seeing at night
common changes in the eyes that occur with aging
disorder in which the eyes point in different directions or are not aligned correctly because the eye muscles are unable to focus together
esotropia also known as?
inward deviation of one or both eyes
exotropia also known as?
outward deviation of one eye relative to the other
any error of refraction in which images do not focus properly on the retina
condition in which the eye does not focus properly because of uneven curvatures of the cornea
hyperopia also known as?
defect in which light rays focus beyond the retina
myopia also known as?
defect in which light rays focus in front of the retina
dimness of vision or the partial loss of sight, especially in one eye without detectable disease of the eye
scotoma also known as?
abnormal area of absent or depressed vision surrounded by an area of normal vision
visual examination of the fundus (back part) of the eye with an ophthalmoscope
readiographic study of blood vessels in the retina of the eye following the intravenous injection of a flueorescein dye as a contract medium
measurement of intraocular pressure
partial or complete suturing together of the upper and lower eyelids
surgical removal of a portion of the tissue of the iris
surgical procedue to treat myopia
removal of vitreaous fluid and its replcement with a clear solution
treat open angle glaucoma by creating openins in the trabecular meshwork to allow fluid to drain properly
Laser Assisten in Situ Keratomileusis
reattach the detached area in a retinal detachment
located between outer and middle ear. (eardrum)
contans sensory receptors for hearing and balance
specializes in measurement of hearing function and in the rehabilitation of apersons with eharing impairments
pain in the ear
inflmmation of the ear
fungal infection of the external auditory canal
flow of pus from ear
bleeding from the ear
pressure related ear discomfort that can e caused by pressure changes when flying, driving etc
inflammation of the eustachian tube
contagious inflammation that caused painful blisters on the eardrum
abnormal hardening of bones of the middle ear results in hear loss
inflammation of the inner ear
sense of whirling, dizziness, and the loss of balance combined with nausea and vommitting
ringing, buzzing, or roaring sound in one or both ears
gradual loss of sensorineural hearing which occurs with age
use of air pressure in the ear canal to test for disorders of the middle ear
surgical removal of mastoid cells
incision in the eardrum to creat an opening for the placement of tympanostomy tubes
tiny veintilating tubes plced throuh the eardrum to provide ongoing drainage for fluids and to relieve pressure that can build up after childhood
removal of the top portion of the stapes bone and insertion of a small prosthetic device known as piston
removal o all or portion of inner ear