SCOTUS

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Author:
cgarrels
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67293
Filename:
SCOTUS
Updated:
2011-02-18 13:56:45
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Supreme Court Justices Chambless
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Exam 3 Supreme Court Justices
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  1. John Jay
    • President 2nd Continental congress
    • First Chief Justice
    • 1789-1795 Chisholm v. Georgia suit of states
    • Authored 5 Federalist Papers
    • New York
  2. John Rutledge
    • 1790-1791,1795
    • Never "sat" in an actual session
    • Second nomination rejected by Senate
    • North Carolina conservative
  3. William Cushing
    • 1790-1810
    • Massachusetts
    • senior associate Justice
    • Ware v. Hylton - Debts owed to England, International treaties trump
    • state law
    • Chief Justice for one week (ill health)
  4. James Wilson
    • 1789-1798
    • Pennsylvania
    • 1774 - Paper- Parliament has no authority over the colonies
    • Treason Clause
    • Drafter of constitution
    • Proponent of direct democracy
    • Ardent Federalist
  5. John Blair, Jr.
    • 1790-1796
    • Virginia
    • conservative
    • Commonwealth VA v. Caton et al, Precedent for Marbury v Madison
    • signer of Constitution
    • literal application of constitution (Chisholm)
  6. James Iredell
    • 1790-1799
    • North Carolina
    • Principles of an American Whig 1775
    • Bayard v. Singleton state judicial review 1787 (attorney)
    • Led Federalist Movement in NC
    • Dissented in Chisholm v. Georgia
    • Calder v. Bull extends proscription of ex post facto laws to states
  7. Thomas Johnson
    • 1792-1793
    • Maryland
    • First and Second Continental Congress
    • Governor of Maryland
    • Nominated GW CIC
    • Shortest (14 Months) service
    • Georgia v. Brailsford, Ware v. Hylton

  8. William Paterson
    • 1793-1806
    • New Jersey
    • Proponent of "New Jersey" plan-unicameral one state one vote
    • One NJ's first Senators
    • Author of Judiciary Act
    • Van Horne's Lessee v. Dorrance
    • "Constitution is the sun of the political system"
    • Set the stage for Marbury v. Madison
    • Acts which are repugnant to the constitution are null and void
  9. Samuel Chase
    • 1796-1811
    • Maryland
    • First and Second Continental Congress delegate
    • Opposed ratification
    • Hylton v. United States treaties supreme
    • Calder v. Bull ex post facto ban only on criminal
    • impeached 1805; acquitted by the Senate
  10. Oliver Ellsworth
    • 1796-1800
    • Connecticut
    • Del. to Continental Congress
    • Senator, Chairman author Judiciary Act 1789
    • Proponent of adopting English common law
    • Third Chief Justice
    • Turner v. Bank of North America
    • affirmed power of congress to assign jurisdiction (Article III)
  11. Bushrod Washington
    • 1799-1829
    • Virginia
    • Nephew GW
    • J. Marshall's ardent supporter
    • Slave holder
  12. Alfred Moore
    • 1800-1804
    • Adams
    • North Carolina
    • Fought in R. war
    • Bayard v. Singleton (state court)
    • argued for confiscation statute
  13. John Marshall
    • 1801-1835
    • Adams
    • Secretary of state
    • Longest serving chief justice (34 years)
    • Stuart v. Laird repeal of JA 1801 constitutional
    • Marbury v. Madison Judcial Review
    • Gibbons v. Ogden
    • McCulloch v. Maryland
    • Important in contract law/economic matters

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