Anatomy E2, Hindlimb II

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Anatomy E2, Hindlimb II
2011-02-19 20:20:02

Hindlimb II
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  1. Hip joint is of which type?
    Synovial, composite, ball and socket (spheroidal) joint
  2. What special features prevent coxal luxations in horses?
    • Labrum Acetabular
    • Transverse Acetabular Lig
    • Accessory Lig
    • (Lig of the head of the femur, not unique)
  3. Functions of the accessory ligament:
    • Limit inward rotation
    • Limit Abduction
  4. Stifle joint is of which type?
    Synovial, Condylar joint, compound joint
  5. Joint types within the stifle:
    • Femoropatellar
    • Femorotibial
  6. Femoropatellar is what type of joint?
    • Simple gliding
    • (compound, stifle)
  7. Femorotibial is what types of joint?
    • Simple Condylar
    • (compound, stifle)
  8. The femoropatellar joint capsule is located where?
    between the TROCHLEA of the femur and patella
  9. Synovial Sacs of the stifle with the most communication:
    • Femoropatellar
    • Medial Femorotibial
  10. Resting and Gliding surfaces of the femoropatellar joint are located where:
    • Resting= distal, craniodorsally
    • Gliding= proximal, cranioventrally
  11. Ligaments of the Stifle:
    • Patellar
    • Collateral
    • Cruciate
    • Meniscal
    • Femoropatellar
  12. Fibrocartilage of the medial patella
    Parapatellar Fibrocartilage
  13. Ligaments of the stifle joint are really...
    Tendons of insertion of the Quadriceps Femoris M
  14. Three Patellar Ligaments:
    • Medial patellar
    • Middle patellar
    • Lateral patellar
  15. The ____ menisci are thick
    • Medial and Lateral
    • (femorotibial jnt)
  16. What limits hyperextension of the stifle?
    Cranial Cruciate
  17. What limits Hyperflexion of the stifle?
    Cranial and Caudal Cruciates
  18. The patella glides over the ___
    Medial Ridge of the trochlea
  19. What does the parapatellar ligament hook on?
    Medial Ridge of the Trochlea
  20. Patellar lock occurs when...
    • The horse bears weight on only one limb, and
    • the joint angle = 145-150
  21. Angle of stifle joint when horse bears weight on both limbs, and only one limb:
    • Both= 135
    • One= 145-150
  22. Bones of the tarsal joint...
    Proximal row:
    Middle/Distal Row:
    • Proximal row: Calcaneus + Talus
    • Middle/Distal Row: T1/T2 + T3 (+vascular canal)+ T4
  23. Articulations of the Hock
    • Tarsocrural
    • Intertarsal (proximal and distal)
    • Tarsometatarsal
  24. Bog Spavin occurs when...
    The proximal end of the tarsal joint capsule bulges and synovial fluid accumulates
  25. Ligaments of the hock:
    • Medial and Lateral Collateral
    • Long Plantar
    • Dorsal
    • Accessory
  26. Which ligament within the hock is not always present?
    Accessory Lig
  27. The cunean tendon is a tendon of the...
    Cranial tibial m
  28. Cunean tendon divides into ____& ____ and inserts at _____&____
    • dorsal & medial
    • Mt3 & T1/T2
    • (respectively)
  29. Which tendon of the hock is not within a sheath
    SDF m
  30. What stabilizes the calcaneous?
    Long Plantar Lig
  31. Curb is the result of...
    straining of the long plantar lig, causing inflammation and convexity of plantar surface
  32. Bursa that lies under the cunean tendon
    subtendinous /cunean tendon
  33. Cranial and Caudal structures of the reciprocal apparatus:
    • Cr: Peroneus tertius m
    • Ca: SDF m, +/- Gastrocnemius
  34. Rupture of the peroneus tertius m =>
    abnormal, jerky flexing of the hock
  35. What causes the hock to drop?
    Rupture of both the Peroneus tertius and the SDF