Identify the Helminth:
Dermatitis, Swimmer's Itch (cercariae), Fever, Cough, Abdominal Pain, Diarrhea, Hepatosplenomegaly, Eosinophilia (mature worms)
Tissue biopsies show large granulomas surrounding eggs, Inflammation in infected tissues due to soluble egg proteins, Portal hypertension
How is this transmitted, diagnosed, treated, and prevented?
- Schistosome spp.
- Transmission: Free-swimming cercariae (larval stage) penetrate the skin
- Diagnosis: ID of eggs in stools or urine
- Treatment: Praziquantel
- Prevention: Avoid swimming in endemic areas and proper disposal of human waste