Med Term Living Language Ch 3

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Rgildart
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6746
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Med Term Living Language Ch 3
Updated:
2010-02-12 16:28:00
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Medical Terminology
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Medical Terminology - a Living Language Chapter 3 Vocab
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  1. albin/o
    white
  2. bi/o
    life
  3. cry/o
    cold
  4. cutane/o
    skin
  5. cyan/o
    blue
  6. derm/o
    skin
  7. dermat/o
    skin
  8. diaphor/o
    profuse sweating
  9. electr/o
    electricity
  10. hidr/o
    sweat
  11. ichthy/o
    • scaly
    • dry
  12. kerat/o
    • hard
    • horny
  13. leuk/o
    white
  14. lip/o
    fat
  15. melan/o
    black
  16. myc/o
    fungus
  17. necr/o
    death
  18. onych/o
    nail
  19. pil/o
    hair
  20. phot/o
    light
  21. py/o
    pus
  22. rhytid/o
    wrinkle
  23. scler/o
    hard
  24. seb/o
    oil
  25. trich/o
    hair
  26. ungu/o
    nail
  27. vesic/o
    bladder
  28. xer/o
    dry
  29. -derma
    skin
  30. -opsy
    view of
  31. -tome
    instrument used to cut
  32. all0-
    • other
    • different from usual
  33. xeno-
    • strange
    • foreign
  34. abrasion
    a scraping away of the skin surface by friction
  35. cicatrix
    a scan
  36. comedo
    • blackhead
    • collection of hardened sebum in hair follicle
  37. contusion
    • injury caused by a blow to the body
    • causes swelling, pain and bruising
    • skin is not broken
  38. cyanosis
    bluish tint to the skin caused by deoxygenated blood
  39. depigmentation
    loss of normal skin color or pigment
  40. diaphoresis
    profuse sweating
  41. ecchymosis
    • bruise
    • skin discoloration caused by blood collecting under the skin following a trauma to the skin
  42. erythema
    redness or flushing of the skin
  43. eschar
    a thick layer of dead tissue and tissue fluid that develops over a deep burn area
  44. hirsutism
    excessive hair growth over the body
  45. hyperpigmentation
    abnormal amount of pigmentation to the skin
  46. keloid
    formation of a raised and thickened hypertrophic scar after an injury or surgery
  47. keratosis
    term for any skin condition involving an overgrowth and thickening of the epidermis layer
  48. lesion
    a general term for a wound, injury or abnormality
  49. nevus
    • pigmented skin blemish, birthmark or mole
    • usually benign by may become cancerous
  50. pallor
    abnormal paleness of the skin
  51. petechiae
    pinpoint purple or red spots from minute hemorrhages under the skin
  52. photosensitivity
    condition in which the skin reacts abnormally when exposed to light, such as the UV rays of the sun
  53. pruritis
    severe itching
  54. purpura
    • hemorrhages into the skin due to fragile blood vessels
    • commonly seen in elderly people
  55. purulent
    • containing pus or an infection that is producing pus
    • pus consists of dead bacteria, white blood cells and tissue debris
  56. strawberry hemangioma
    congenital collection of dilated blood vessels causing a red birthmark that fades a few months after birth
  57. suppurative
    containing or producing pus
  58. urticaria
    • hives
    • a skin eruption of pale reddish wheals with severe itching
    • usually associated with food allergy, stress or drug reactions
  59. verruca
    • warts
    • a benign growth caused by a virus
    • has a rough surface that is removed by chemicals and/or laser therapy
  60. cyst
    fluid-filled sac under the skin
  61. fissure
    crack-like lesion or groove on the skin
  62. laceration
    • a torn or jagged wound
    • incorrectly used to describe a cut
  63. nodule
    firm, solid mass of cells in the skin >0.5 cm in diameter
  64. papule
    small, solid, circular raised spot on the surface of the skin <0.5 cm in diameter
  65. pustule
    raised spot on the skin containing pus
  66. ulcer
    open sore or lesion in skin or mucous membrane
  67. vesicle
    • a blister
    • small, fluid-filled raised spot on the skin
  68. wheal
    • small, round, swollen area on the skin
    • typically seen in allergic skin reactions such as hives and usually accompanied by urticaria
  69. abscess
    a collection of pus in the skin
  70. acne
    inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles resulting in papules and pustules
  71. acne rosacea
    chronic form of acne seen in adults involving redness, tiny pimples and broken blood vessels, primarily on the nose and cheeks
  72. acne vulgaris
    • common form of acne seen in teenagers
    • characterized by comedo, papules and pustules
  73. albinism
    • a genetic condition in which the body is unable to make melanin
    • characterized by white hair and skin and red pupils due to the lack of pigment
  74. basal cell carcinoma
    • cancerous tumors of the basal cell layer of the epidermis
    • a frequent type of skin cancer that rarely metastasizes or spreads
    • these cancers can arise on sun-exposed skin
  75. cellulitis
    a diffuse, acute infection and inflammation of the connective tissue found in the skin
  76. decubitis ulcer
    • bedsore, pressure sore
    • open sore caused by pressure over bony prominences cutting off the blood flow to the overlying skin
  77. dry gangrene
    late stages of gangrene characterized by the affected area becoming dried, blackened and shriveled, referred to as mummified
  78. eczema
    superficial dermatitis of unknown cause accompanied by redness, vesicles, itching and crusting
  79. gangrene
    tissue necrosis usually due to deficient blood supply
  80. ichthyosis
    condition in which the skin becomes dry, scaly and keratinized
  81. impetigo
    a highly infectious bacterial infection of the skin with pustules that rupture and become crusted over
  82. Kaposi's sarcoma
    • form of skin cancer frequently seen in AIDS patients
    • consists of brownish-purple papules that spread from the skin and metastasize to internal organs
  83. malignant melanoma
    • dangerous form of ckin cancer caused by an uncontrolled growth of melanocytes
    • may quickly metastasize or spread to internal organs
  84. pediculosis
    infestation with lice
  85. psoriasis
    chronic inflammatory condition consisting of papules forming "silvery scale" patches with circular borders
  86. rubella
    • German measles
    • contagious viral skin infection
  87. scabies
    contagious skin disease caused by an egg-laying mite that burrows through the skin and causes redness and intense itching
  88. sebaceous cyst
    sac under the skin filled with sebum or oil from a sebaceous gland.
  89. squamous cell carcinoma
    • cancer of the epidermis layer of skin that may invade deeper tissue and metastasize
    • often begins as a sore that does not heal
  90. systemic lupus erythematosus
    • chronic disease of the connective tissue that injures the skin, joints, kidneys, nervous system and mucous membranes
    • may produce a characteristic red scaly butterfly rash across the cheeks and nose
  91. tinea
    fungal skin disease resulting in itching, scaling lesions
  92. tinea pedis
    • athlete's foot
    • fungal infection of the foot
  93. tinea capitis
    • ringworm
    • fungal infection of the scalp
  94. varicella
    • chicken pox
    • contagious viral skin infection
  95. vitiligo
    • disappearance of pigment from the skin in patches, causing a milk-white appearance
    • also called leukoderma
  96. wet gangrene
    an area of gangrene that becomes secondarily infected by pus-producing bacteria
  97. alopecia
    • baldness
    • absence or loss of hair
  98. carbuncle
    furuncle involving several hair follicles
  99. furuncle
    • boil
    • bacterial infection of a hair follicle
  100. onychia
    infected nail bed
  101. paronychia
    infection of the skin fold around the nail
  102. culture and sensitivity
    a lab test that grows a colony of bacteria removed from an infected area in order to identify the specific infecting bacteria and then determine its sensitivity to a variety of antibiotics
  103. exfoliative cytology
    scraping cells from tissue and then examining them under a microscope
  104. frozen section
    a thin piece of tissue is cut from a frozen specimen for rapid examination under a microscope
  105. fungal scrapings
    scrapings, taken with a curette or scraper, of tissue from lesions are placed on a growth medium and examined under a microscope to identify fungal growth
  106. allagraft
    skin graft from one person to another
  107. autograft
    skin graft from a person's own body
  108. dermatome
    instrument for cutting the skin or thin transplants of skin
  109. dermatoplasty
    • skin grafting
    • transplantation of skin
  110. heterograft
    • skin graft from an animal of another species
    • aka xenograft
  111. xenograft
    skin graft from an animal of another species
  112. cauterization
    destruction of tissue by using caustic chemicals, electrical currents, heat or by freezing
  113. cryosurgery
    the use of extreme cold to freeze and destroy tissue
  114. curettage
    removal of superficial skin lesions wth a curette or scraper
  115. debridement
    removal of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue from a wound
  116. electrocautery
    to destroy tissue with an electric current
  117. chemabrasion
    • chemical peel
    • abrasion using chemicals
  118. rhytidectomy
    • face lift
    • surgical removal of excess skin to eliminate wrinkles

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