BPS Chapter 4

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BPS Chapter 4
2011-02-19 16:23:51
Abby Elkins

Basic Public Speaking Chapter 4 Vocabulary
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  1. a charge, trust, or duty for which one is accountable
  2. the Greek word for "character". According to the ancient Greek rhetorician Aristotle, audiences listen to and trust speakers if they exhibit competence (as demonstrated by the speaker's grasp of the subject matter) and good moral character.
  3. the quality that reveals that a speaker has a good grasp of the subject, displays sound reasoning skills, is honest and nonmanipulative, and is genuinely interested in the welfare of audience members; a modern version of ethos
    Speaker Credibility
  4. the amendment to the U.S. Constitution that guarantees freedom of speech. ("Congress shall make no law abridging the freedom of speech")
    First Amendment
  5. speech that ptentially harms an individual's reputation at work or in the community and is thus subject to legal action
    Defamatory Speech
  6. a quality of defamatory speech that is legally liable
    Reckless Disregard for the Truth
  7. open conversation or discussion in a public forum
    Public Discourse
  8. abusive speech
  9. speech that discredits, demeans, or belittles
    Conversation Stoppers
  10. standard of conduct for communication with others in a public arena
    Rules of Engagement
  11. the feeling that one is worthy, honored, or respected as a person
  12. the quality of being incorruptible; unwillingness to compromise for the sake of personal expediency
  13. the quality of displaying both honesty and dependability
  14. to feel or show deferential regard. For the ethical speaker, respect ranges from addressing audience members as unique hman beings to refraining from rudeness and other forms of personal attack
  15. an ethical ground rule; making a genguine effort to see all sides of an issue; being open-minded
  16. any offensive communication- verbal or nonverbal- directed against people's race, ethnicity, religion, gender, disability, or other characteristics. Racist, sexist, or ageist slurs, gay bashing, and cross burning are all forms.
    Hate Speech
  17. the act of using other people's ideas or words without acknowledging the source
  18. informaiton that is likely to be known by many people and is therefore in the public domain; the source of such information need not be cited in a speech
    Common Knowledge
  19. statement made verbatim- word for word- by someone else. Should always be acknowledged in a speech.
    Direct Quotations
  20. a restatement of someone else's statements or written work that alters the form or phrasing but not the substance of that person's ideas
  21. part of a conclusion to a speech; a restatement of points covered
  22. a legal protection afforded original creators of literary or atrisitic works
  23. bodies of work, including publication and processes, available for public use without permission; not protected by copyright or patent
    Public Domain
  24. legal guidelines permitting the limited use of copyrighted works without permission for the purposes of scholarship, criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, and research
    Fair Use Doctrine
  25. an organization that allows creators of works to decide how they want other people to use their copyrighted works
    Creative Commons