Chapters 5,6, & 7

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Anonymous
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67521
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Chapters 5,6, & 7
Updated:
2011-02-19 18:16:42
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med term
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Respiratory, urinary, men's reproductive
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  1. Nose
    lined with mucous membrane and fine hairs
  2. Nasal Septum
    Separates left and right nasal cavities
  3. Pharynx
    food and air passageway
  4. Adenoids
    lymphoid tissue behind nasal cavity
  5. Tonsils
    lymph tissue behind the mouth
  6. Larynx
    voice box
  7. Trachea
    windpipe
  8. Lungs
    spongelike organs
  9. Pleura
    membrane covering lungs and lining thoracic cavity
  10. Mediastinum
    space between the lungs
  11. Adenoid/o
    adenoids
  12. Alveol/o
    alveolus
  13. Bronchi/o, Bronch/o
    bronchus
  14. Diaphragmat/o, Phren/o
    diaphragm
  15. epiglott/o
    epiglottis
  16. laryng/o
    larynx
  17. lob/o
    lobe
  18. nas/o, rhin/o
    nose
  19. pharyng/o
    pharynx
  20. pleur/o
    pleura
  21. pneum/o, pneumat/o
    lung, air
  22. pulmon/o
    lung
  23. sept/o
    septum
  24. sinus/o
    sinus
  25. thorac/o
    thorax, chest
  26. tonsill/o
    tonsil
  27. trache/o
    trachea
  28. atel/o
    incomplete, imperfect
  29. capn/o
    carbon dioxide
  30. hem/o, hemat/o
    blood
  31. muc/o
    mucus
  32. orth/o
    straight
  33. ox/o, ox/i
    oxygen
  34. phon/o
    sound, voice
  35. py/o
    pus
  36. somn/o
    sleep
  37. spir/o
    breathe, breathing
  38. a-, an-
    absence, without
  39. endo-
    within
  40. eu-
    normal, good
  41. pan-
    all, total
  42. poly-
    many, much
  43. tachy-
    rapid, fast
  44. -algia
    pain
  45. -ar, -ary, -eal
    pertaining to
  46. -cele
    hernia, protrusion
  47. -centesis
    surgical puncture to aspirate fluid
  48. -ectasis
    dilation, expansion, stretching out
  49. -emia
    blood condition
  50. -graphy
    process of recording, radiographic imaging
  51. -meter
    instrument used to measure
  52. -metry
    measurement
  53. -pexy
    surgical fixation, suspension
  54. -pnea
    breathing
  55. -rrhagia
    rapid flow of blood
  56. -scope
    instrument used for visual examination
  57. -scopic
    pertaining to visual examination
  58. -scopy
    visual examination
  59. -spasm
    sudden, involutary muscle contraction
  60. -stenosis
    narrowing, constriction
  61. -stomy
    creation of an artificial opening
  62. -thorax
    chest
  63. -tomy
    cut into, incision
  64. adenoid/itis
    inflammation of the adenoids
  65. atel/ectasis
    incomplete expansion (collapsed lung)
  66. bronchi/ectasis
    dilation of the bronchi
  67. bronch/o/genic carcinoma
    cancerous tumor originating in the bronchus
  68. laryng/o/trache/o/bronch/itis
    inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi (childhood disease)
  69. lob/ar pneumon/ia
    pertaining to the lobe; diseased state of the lung (infection of one or more lobes of the lung)
  70. pleur/itis
    inflammation of the pleura, from pneumonia
  71. pneum/o/thorax
    air in the pleural space
  72. pulmon/ary neo/plasm
    pertaining to new growth in the lung
  73. py/o/thorax
    pus in the chest
  74. rhin/o/myc/osis
    abnormal condition of fungus in the nose
  75. thorac/algia
    pain in the chest
  76. trache/itis
    inflammation of the trachea
  77. trache/o/stenosis
    narrowing of the trachea
  78. adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
    adult respiratory failure
  79. asthma
    respiratory disease characterized by airway constriction
  80. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
    group of disorders almost always caused by smoking that obstructs brochial flow. Characterized by emphysema and chronic bronchitis
  81. coccidioidmycosis
    fungal disease affecting the lungs (valley fever)
  82. cor pulmonale
    serious cardiac and lung disease associated with chronic lung disorders
  83. croup
    condition resulting from acute obstruction of the larynx, may be from bacterial or viral infection
  84. cystic fibrosis (CF)
    hereditary disorder of the exocrine glands characterized by excess mucus production
  85. deviated suptum
    one part of the naxal cavity is smaller because of malformation or injury to the nasal septum
  86. emphysema
    stretching of lung tissue caused by the alveoli losing their elasticity
  87. epistaxis
    nosebleed
  88. influenza
    flu virus
  89. Legionnaire disease
    lobar pneumonia caused by bacteria
  90. obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
    repetitive pharyngeal collapse during sleep which leads to absence of breathing
  91. pertussis
    whooping cough (bacterial infection)
  92. pleural effusion
    escape of fluid into the pleural space
  93. pulmonary edema
    fluid accumulation in the alveoli and bronchioles
  94. pulmonary embolism
    foreign matter carried in the circulation to the pulmonary artery, where it blocks circulation
  95. tuberculosis (TB)
    infectious disease caused by acid fast bacteria, spread by inhalation of small particles and affecting the lungs
  96. upper respiratory infection (URI)
    infection of the nasal cavity, pharynx, or larynx
  97. laryng/o/trache/o/tomy
    incision of the larynx and trachea
  98. pneum/o/bronch/o/tomy
    incision of the lung and bronchus
  99. pneumon/ectomy
    excision of a lung

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