Micro exam 5

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Micro exam 5
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2011-02-19 20:57:34
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Micro exam 5
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  1. Filariasis Condition is caused by:
    • A. bacteria
    • B. Fungus
    • C. Virus
    • D. Helminth
  2. Symptoms of the disease (Filariasis) do not include
    • A. Fever
    • B. Myalgia
    • C. Swollen lymph Nodes
    • D. rednes of skin
  3. Filariasis can be detected immediately
    True or False
  4. Rickettsia prowazekii is the organism that cause Rocky Mountain spotted fever
    True or False
  5. Cases of Rocky Mountain Spotted fever are concentrated in what area of the United States?
    • A. Pacific Northwest
    • B. Rocky Mountian Region
    • C. Southeast
    • D. Southwest
  6. Where do Rickettsias localize and infect once they are inoculated into the human body?
    • A. Regional Lymph nodes
    • B.Kidneys
    • C. Meninges
    • D. Endothelial lining of small blood vessels
  7. There is a vaccine for Lyme Disease?
    True or False
  8. I get Lyme disease from another person?
    True or False
  9. The stage of Lyme disease that is characterized by arthritis is the
    • a. primary.
    • b. third.
    • c. second.
    • d. fourth.
  10. The unique characteristic of Lyme disease is
    • a. erythema migrans.
    • b. induration.
    • c. carbuncle.
    • d. furuncle
  11. Most symptoms of Hepatitis A occur within two weeks after being exposed to the virus.
    True or False
  12. All of the following are symptoms of Hepatitis A EXACPT
    • a. Pale stools
    • b. Vomiting
    • c. Yellowish Skin
    • d. Blurry vision
  13. What is the name of the treatment that may help you from becoming infected?
    • a. Hemoglobin A1C
    • b. Immune globulin
    • c. Immune hemolytic
    • d. Immunoglobulins
  14. Trichomoniasis is caused by a fungus
    True or False:
  15. Trichomoniasis is a disease that affects
    • a) Only men
    • b) Only infants
    • c) Only African American women
    • d) Both men and women
  16. Trichomoniasis can be prevented by
    • a) Administration of a vaccine
    • b) Abstinence
    • c) Feminine douching
    • d) Avoiding tight-fitting clothing
  17. Haemophilus Influenzae Infections Occurs within the respiratory system
    True of False
  18. Symptom(s) caused by Haemophilus influenza infections is?
    • a. Vomiting
    • b. Fever
    • c. Bad Breath
    • d. Fluid draining from ears, eyes, and nose
    • e. All of the above
  19. mode of transmission of Haemophilus Influenza include(s)?
    • a. droplet
    • b. airborne
    • c. hugging
    • d. None of the above
  20. Dracunliasis can be a contagious disease
    True or (False):
  21. One can be infected with Guinea worm disease by
    • (a). Drinking a contaminated water
    • b. Playing in a stagnant contaminated of water fleas
    • c. Drinking from a pipe water
    • d. Both a and b
  22. Which of the following is not a sign or symptom Dranculiasis?
    • a. Painful burning sensation mostly on the lower limb
    • b. Vomiting
    • c. Nausea
    • (d). Painful urination
  23. Signs of rabies can appear years after exposure?
    True or False
  24. The Rabies virus has a capsid that is
    • a. Naked helical
    • b. Enveloped helical****
    • c. Three-dimensial polyhedral
    • d. None of the above
  25. For immediate protection against infection after a bite you should
    • a. Capture the animal that bit you
    • b. Wash wound with soap and water****
    • c. Elevate wound
    • d. Apply heat to wound
  26. The SAFE (Surgery, Antibiotic, Facial cleanliness and Environmental improvement) strategy was
    created by the World Health Organization to help prevent the ocular disease
    Trachoma.
    True or False
  27. Trachoma affects what part of the body?
    • a. Legs
    • b. Nails
    • c. Eyes
    • d. Feet
  28. What method is used by laboratories to detect Trachoma in patients?
    • a. Either a eosin methylene blue or MacConkey agar culture
    • b. Fluorescent antibodies or nucleic acid probes
    • c. Bordet-Gengou medium
    • d. A urine sample.
  29. Pertussis is most common in infants and young children
    True or False
  30. Pertussis is an infection of the:
    • a) GI tract
    • b) respiratory tract
    • c) brain
    • d) urinary tract
  31. Which of these is NOT a common symptom of Pertussis:
    • a) violent coughing episodes
    • b) vomitting
    • c) exhaustion
    • d) slurred speech
  32. Chlamydophila pneumoniae is one known cause of “Walking pneumonia
    True or False
  33. All of the following are symptoms of C.Pneumoniae except:
    • A.Chills.
    • B.Loss of Appetite
    • C.Frequent urination.
    • D.Headache.
  34. C.Pneumoniae is an infection of the
    • A. Lungs
    • B.Brain.
    • C.Kidneys
  35. TB can be transmitted by kissing?
    True or False
  36. The portal of entery for TB is?
    • A) Resp. tract
    • B) GI tract
    • C) Urinary tract
    • D) Both A and B
  37. TB can effect which of the following?
    • A) Lungs
    • B) Kidneys
    • C) The Spine
    • D) All of the above
  38. There is a vaccine for Shellosis
    true or false
  39. Shigellosis thrives in the?
    • A. GI tract
    • B. Respiratory tract
    • C. Urinary tract
  40. Shigellosis can be acquired by?
    • A. Inadequate hand washing
    • B. Over use of Antimicrobials
    • C. Contaminated food
    • D. Consuming tropical foods
    • E. A and C
  41. Diphtheria is a preventable disease by means of a vaccination?
    True or False
  42. What is the main mode of transmission for Diphtheria?
    • a. Indirect contact
    • b. foodborne contact
    • c. direct contact
    • d. droplet contact
  43. What part of the human body is most affected by Diphtheria?
    • a. genital
    • b. G.I.
    • c.nasopharynx
    • d. muscular
  44. The Sin Nombre virus is a Icosahedron shaped enveloped positive-sensed, single-stranded DNA virus.
    True or False
  45. The animal vector responsible for Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome
    • a) Culecine Mosquito
    • b) Lice
    • c) Rodents
    • d) Tsetse Fly
  46. Prevention of Hantavirus Pulmonary Virus:
    • a) Avoid inhaling dust that might be contaminated with rodent urine, saliva or droppings
    • b) Use gloves and a respirator
    • c) Clear out potential nesting sites
    • d) All of the above
  47. In the United States what percent of adults have been infected by Mono by the age of 40?
    • A) 35%
    • B) 50%
    • C) 95%
    • D) 10%
  48. All of the following are symptoms of infectious mononucleosis EXCEPT
    • A) Fatigue
    • B) Fever
    • C) Swollen Lymph nodes
    • D) Vomiting
  49. Everyone who gets mono has the same symptoms?
    True or False
  50. Necrotizing Fasciitis is easily diagnosed.
    True or False
  51. Which of the following is not used to treat Necrotizing fasciitis?
    • A. Surgical removal of infected tissue
    • B. High pressure pure oxygen
    • C. Prophylactic treatment with ceftriaxone
    • D. Applying antibiotic ointments to problem areas
  52. Necrotizing fasciitis spreads along which part of the body?
    • A. Skeletal tissues
    • B. Deep fascia
    • C. Lungs
    • D. Intestinal tract
  53. Which gland is affected by the mumps virus?
    • a) Adrenal gland
    • b) Carotid gland
    • c) Parotid gland
    • d) Endocrine gland
  54. At what age are the two shots series recommended?
    • a) 1 and 2 years
    • b) 12 and 18 years
    • c) 6 and 8 months
    • d) 12 and 18 months
  55. The mumps virus can be treated with medication
    True or False
  56. The morphology of C. immitis is
    • a. Bacilli
    • b. Dimorphic
    • c. Segmented
    • d. None of the above
  57. A high percentage of people that become infected with C. immitis become extremely ill.
    True or False
  58. Coccidioidomycosis is caused by a
    • a. Bacterium
    • b. Protozoa
    • c. Fungus
    • d. Animal
  59. No treatment is usually required for Slapped Cheek disease in children.
    True or False
  60. Once a person has had Slapped Cheek disease…
    • A.)Their body will create an immunity that lasts 10 years
    • B.) Their body will create no immunity
    • C.) Their body will create an immunity that lasts a lifetime
  61. The causative agent of Slapped Cheek disease is a…
    • A.)Bacteria
    • B.) Helminth
    • C.) Virus
    • D.) Protozoa
  62. Most people with HPV will never have symptoms.
    True or False:
  63. All of the following are potential preventive measures of HPV except
    • a.) abstinence
    • b.) monogamous relationship
    • c.) birth control medication
    • d.) vaccination
  64. Human Papillomavirus is a
    • a.) single-stranded DNA virus
    • b.) double-stranded DNA virus
    • c.) single-stranded RNA virus
    • d.) double-stranded RNA virus
  65. The virus that causes bronchitis is naked, icosahedral, single-strand RNA
    True or False
  66. Which is a common symptom of bronchitis?
    • a) sore throat
    • b) low grade fever
    • c) cough tha produces mucous
    • d) all of the above
  67. Bronchitis is transmitted by?
    • a) fecal-oral
    • b) ihalation of droplet nuclei
    • c) fomites
    • d) none of the above
  68. . A life-threatening condition resulting from C. dif infection, in which colon wall damage leads to
    internal fecal infection is called
    • A. Gastroenteritis
    • B. Gastritis
    • C. Pseudomembranous colitis
    • D. Diverticulosis
  69. C dif cells produce 2 toxins called:
    • A. toxins C & D
    • B. toxins A & B
    • C. toxins 1 & 2
    • D. toxins 3 & 4
  70. dif cells have endospores
    True or False
  71. What is the portal of entry for the Helicobacter pylori bacterium?
    • A. Respiratory Tract
    • B. Gastrointestinal Tract
    • D. None of the above
  72. What is/are the detection methods for an H. pylori infection?
    • A. Urea Breath test
    • B. Serologic Test (IgG antibody)
    • C. Endoscopy
    • D. All of the above
  73. . Marshall purposely ingested the H. pylori organism to finally prove to everyone that H. pylori was
    the cause of peptic ulcers.
    True or False
  74. Sinusitis is the inflammation of the sinus nerves VI and VII.
    True or False
  75. Which of the following are symptoms of sinusitis
    • a. Head Ache
    • b. Bad Breath
    • c. pressure like pain in the face
    • d. Fever
    • e. All of the above
  76. Sinusitis, or the sinus infection, is best characterized by
    a. intense head aches
    • a. intense head aches
    • b. the inflammation of the sinuses due to infection
    • c. irritation and breakdown of the nasal airways
    • d. your mom
  77. Epidemic typhus spreads by direct contact from human to human
    True or False
  78. A form of prevention from Epidemic typhus is:
    • A. Not to go into the wildernes
    • b.Immunization
    • c. Avoid areas where you might encounter
    • rat fleas or lice d.Using insecticides
  79. Epidemic Typus among people living in
    a.Cold climate areas

    b. Mountainous regions

    c. Among people living in crowded, unsanitary conditions

    d. European countries
  80. After a person is infected with Cholera, they become a carrier and can not become reinfected if exposed again
    True or False
  81. How can Cholera be diagnosed?
    • a.Stool sample
    • b. Rectal swab
    • c. Rapid Test
    • d. a and b
    • e. all of the above
  82. If you looked at a Gram-stained sample of vibrio cholerae under a microscope you would
    most likely see...
    • a. gram-positive
    • rods
    • b. gram-negative rods
    • c. gram-positive cocci
    • d. gram-negative cocci
    • e. none of the above

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