Drugs

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Author:
johnnyb0y488
ID:
67555
Filename:
Drugs
Updated:
2011-02-21 20:08:07
Tags:
medic2011
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Description:
new drugs
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  1. ACTION
    binds and absorbs ingest toxins in gastrointestinal
    activated charcoal
  2. INDICATIONS
    posions and medication overdose after stomach has been emptied or without vomiting
    activated charcoal
  3. CONTRAINDICATION
    alc, unless admin by nasgastric tube and airway is protected by tube. cyanide, methanol, organophosphate toxicity
    activated charcoal
  4. REACTIONS
    nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramping, constipation with black stools
    activated charcoal
  5. DOSAGES
    adult=1g/kg mix with water
    peds=1g/kg mix with water
    activated charcoal
  6. ACTIONS
    parasympathetic agent binds to receptors and diminishes actions of acetylcholine
    atropine
  7. INDICATIONS
    unstable bradycardia, PEA, organophospastic disorders
    atropine
  8. CONTRAINDICATIONS
    tachycardia, myocardial ischemia, narrow angle glaucoma
    atropine
  9. REACTIONS
    flushing, pupil dilation, dry mouth, tachycardia, nausea, vomiting
    atropine
  10. DOSAGE
    adult=.03mg/kg IV, repeat 5-10 mins
    peds=.05mg/kg IV, repeat 5-10 mins
    max 3mg/kg
    atropine
  11. ACTIONS
    blocks cellular histamine receptors, decreases vasodilation
    benadryl
  12. INDICATIONS
    relief of allergies, allergic reactions, acute dystonia reactions, blood admin reactions
    benadryl
  13. CONTRAINDICATIONS
    asthma, glaucoma, prego, hypertension, infants, pt taking monomine oxides inhibiters
    benadryl
  14. REACTIONS
    sedation, hypotension, seizures, vomiting, urinary retention, palpitations, arrhythmias
    benadryl
  15. DOSAGE
    adult=25-50mg IM IV PO
    peds= 1-2mg/kg IV IO IM
    given PO= 5mg/kg24hours
    benadryl
  16. ACTIONS
    decrease conduction through AV node, slows HR
    adenosine
  17. INDICATIONS
    SVT, wolff-parkinson-white syndrome
    adenosine
  18. CONTRAINDICATION
    2nd and 3rd degree AV block, sick sinus syndrome, artail flutter, V-tach
    adenosine
  19. REACTIONS
    flushing, shortness of breathe, chest pain, headache, paresthsia, diaphoresis, palpitations, hypotension, metallic taste
    adenosine
  20. DOSAGE
    adult= 6ml rapid IV/followed by 20ml NS flush, repeat 2 mins, 12mg IV/20ml NS flush
    peds=0.1-0.2mg/kg IV max= 12mg
    adenosine
  21. ACTIONS
    decrease vent automaticity and raises vent fib threshold
    lidocaine
  22. INDICATIONS
    Vtach and Vfib
    lidocaine
  23. CONTRAINDICATION
    2nd and 3rd degree AV block, morbitz II, stokes- adams syndrome, vent dysrhythmias associated with tricyclic antidepressant overdose
    lidocaine
  24. REACTIONS
    slurred speech, seizures, AMS, confusion, lightheadedness, blurred vision, bradycardia
    lidocaine
  25. DOSAGE
    adult= 1-1.5mg/kg IV,repeat .5-.75mg/kg, 5-10 mins total of 3mg/kg. every 3mins for vent ectopy
    peds=1mg/kg IV
    lidocaine
  26. ACTIONS
    reverse respiratory depression secondary to depressant drugs, inhibits effect of morphine
    narcan
  27. INDICATIONS
    opiate overdose, coma, agonist for: morphine, heroin, methadone, meperidine, paregoric, fentanyl, oxycodone, codeine
    narcan
  28. CONTRAINDICATIONS
    narcotic dependent pt, neonates of narcotic dependent mothers
    narcan
  29. REACTIONS
    withdrawal symptoms, tachycardia, hypertension, arrhythmias, diaphoresis
    narcan
  30. DOSAGE
    adult= initial 2mg IV IM SC ET repeat 2-3mins, no response after 10mg its not a narcotic(fentanyl requires large does)
    peds=.1mg/kg IV IM SC ET repeat .1mg/kg
    narcan
  31. ACTIONS
    depresses CNS, produces sedation, relieves anxiety, causes lack of recall, relieves muscle spasms.
    larazepam ativan
  32. INDICATIONS
    adjunct to seizure control
    control violent pt
    larazepam ativan
  33. CONTRAINDICATIONS
    narrow-angle glaucoma, coma, shock, suspected drug abuse
    larazepam ativan
  34. REACTIONS
    respiratory depression, apnea, drowsiness, sedation, ataxia, psychomotor impairment, confusion, restlessness, hypotension, bradycardia
    larazepam ativan
  35. DOSAGES
    adult=2-4mg slow IV at 2mg/min or IM, repeat 15-20 to max 8mg
    larazepam ativan
  36. ACTIONS
    metabolic precursor to norepi. increase vascular resistance, dilate renal, increase myocardial contractility and stroke volume
    dopamine
  37. INDICATIONS
    cardiogenic, septic, spinal shock, hypotension, low cardiac output states. distributive shock
    dopamine
  38. CONTRAINDICATIONS
    hypovolemic shock, coma, tachyarrhythmias, V-fib
    dopamine
  39. REACTIONS
    arrhythmias, hypertension, increased myocardial oxygen demand, mar cause tissue necrosis
    dopamine
  40. DOSAGES
    adult=2-20mcg/kg/min max 20mcg
    dopamine
  41. ACTIONS
    blocks sodium channels and myocardial potassium channels, vasodilator
    amiodarone
  42. INDICATIONS
    V-fib/pulseless V-tach, SVT, instable V-tach in pt refractory to other therapy
    amiodarone
  43. CONTRAINDICATIONS
    cardiogenic shock, sinus bradycardia, 2nd or 3rd degree AV block
    amiodarone
  44. REACTIONS
    hypotension, bradycardia, fever, CHF, V-tach, nausea, abnormal liver function
    amiodarone
  45. DOSAGES
    adult=VT/pulse and SVT:150mg IV in 50ml D5W over 10mins and repeat every 10mins.VF and pulseless VT:300mg IV
    peds=VT/pulse and SVT:5mg/kg in 50 ml D5W IV over 20 mins. VF and pulseless VT: 5mg/kg IV
    amiodarone
  46. ACTIONS
    inhibits CNS catecholamine receptors, strong antidopaminergic, weak anticholinergic, depresses subcurtical, mid brain, RAS
    haldol
  47. INDICATIONS
    acute psychotic episodes
    haldol
  48. CONTRAINDICATIONS
    agitation secondary to shock or hypoxia, parkinson, seizures disorders, coma, alcoholism, cocaine overdoses
    haldol
  49. REACTIONS
    restlessness, spasms, parkinson like symptoms, drooling,dystonia, hypotension, blurred vision
    haldol
  50. DOSAGE
    5-10mg IM every 30-60 mins.
    peds not recommended
    haldol
  51. ACTIONS
    prostaglandin inhibitor
    blocks formation of thromboxane
    aspirin
  52. INDICATIONS
    AMI to prevent further clotting
    aspirin
  53. CONTRAINDICATIONS
    active GI ulcer or bleeding, hemophilia or bleeding disorders, prego, children younger than 2
    aspirin
  54. REACTIONS
    heartburn, GI bleeding, prolonged bleeding, nausea and vomiting, wheezing in allergic pt
    aspirin
  55. DOSAGE
    160mg(2 tablets)to 325 mg PO chewed if possible

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