History Terms Test

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History Terms Test
2011-02-20 15:23:48

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  1. an 18th century European movement in which thinkers attempted to apply the principles of reason and the scientific method to all aspects of society
  2. the agreement by which people define and limit their individual rights, thus creating an organized society or government
    social contract
  3. the rights that all people are born with- according to John Locke, the rights of life, liberty, and property
    natural rights
  4. the assignments of executive, legislative, and judicial powers to different groups of officials in a government
    seperation of powers
  5. one of the 18th century European monarchs who were inspired by Enlightenment ideas to rule justlyand respect the rights of their subjects
    enlightmened despot
  6. a statement of the reasons for the american colonies' break with britain, approved by the second continential congress in 1776
    Decleration of Independence
  7. measures designed to prevent any one branchof government from dominating the others
    checks and balances
  8. a system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and a number of individual states
    federal system
  9. the first ten ammendments to the U.S. constitution, which protects citizens' basic rights and freedoms
    Bill of rights
  10. the political and social system that existed in France before the French revolution
    Old Regime
  11. one of the three social classes in France
  12. What did the first estate consist of?
    the clergy
  13. what did the second estate consist of?
    the nobility
  14. what did the third estate consist of?
    the rest of the population
  15. an assembly of representatives from all three of the estates in France
    Estates General
  16. a French congress established by representatives of the thrid estate on June 17, 1789, to enact laws and reforms in the name of the french people
    national assembly
  17. a wave of senseless panic that spread through the french country side after the storming of the Bastille in 1789
    great fear
  18. a statement of revolutionary ideals adopted by France's National Assembly in 1789
    Decleration of the rights of man
  19. a french congress with the power to create and approve declerations of war, established by the constitution of 1791
    legaslative assembly
  20. the period when maximillien robespierre ruled France nearly as a dictator and thousands of political figures and ordinary citizens were exhausted
    reighn of terror
  21. a sudden seizsure of political power in a nation
    coup d'etat
  22. a drect vote in which people have the opputunity to approve or reject a proposal
  23. a comprehensiveand unfirom system of laws established for French by napolean
    Napoleonic code
  24. the use of troops or ships to prevent commercial traffic from entering or leaving a city of region
  25. the practice of burning crops and killing livestock during wartime so that the enemy cannot live off the land
    scorched- earth policy
  26. a series of meetings during which the europeanleaders sought to establish long lasting peace and security after the defeat of napolean
    congress of vienna
  27. a series of alliances among europeannations in the 19th centur, devised by Prince Klemens von Metternich to prevent the outbreak of revolutions
    concert of europe
  28. a league of european nations formed by the leaders of russia, austria, and prussia after the congress of vienna
    holy alliance
  29. europeans (mainly wealthy landowners nobles) who wanted to preserve the traditional monarchies of europe
  30. europeans (mainly middle class business leaders and merchants) that wanted to give more political power to elected parliments
  31. the europeans who favored drastic change to extend democracy to all people
  32. the belief that people should ne loyal mainly to their nation (popele they share common culture and history) rather than a king or an empire
  33. an independent nation of people having a common culture and identity
    nation state
  34. attempted to build a "republic of virtue" and was responsible for the commitee of public safety's attempt to find a convict "enemies of the replublic"
    Maximillien robespierre
  35. restored the economy of france with a tax collecting system and a national bank, set up public schools, and created a code of laws
    Napolean Bonaparte
  36. empress of russia that read the works of philosophers and also took steps to modernize and reform russia
    catherine the great
  37. wrote the decleration of independence
    thomas jefferson
  38. a wealthy venezuelan creole that helped win independence for the rebels
    Simon Bolivar
  39. a simple, modest man that helped win independence for the rebels
    Jose de san martin