Cross Sectional-Neck

Card Set Information

Author:
Kator85
ID:
67760
Filename:
Cross Sectional-Neck
Updated:
2011-02-21 18:05:53
Tags:
CT Cross Sectional
Folders:

Description:
Terminology of Neck chapter in Cross Sectional Anatomy for Imaging Professionals Text
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Kator85 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. PHARYNX
    A FUNNEL SHAPED MUSCULAR TUBE THAT ACTS AS AN OPENING FOR BOTH THE RESPIRATIORY AND DIGESTIVE SYSTEMS, THE PHARYNX CONSISTS OF THREE MAIN DIVISIONS: NASOPHARYNX, OROPHARYNX AND LARYNGOPHARYNX
  2. NASOPHARYNX
    THE MOST SUPERIOR PORTION OF THE PHARYNX, THE NASOPHARYNX ALLOWS AIR TO PASS FROM THE NASAL CAVITY TO THE TRACHEA. IT IS BORDERED INFERIORLY BY THE SOFT PALATE AND EXTENDS DOWN TO THE UVULA. THE PHARYNGEAL TONSILS ARE LOCATED IN THE ROOF OF THE NASOPHARYNX.
  3. OROPHARYNX
    EXTENDS FROM THE SOFT PALATE TO THE HYOID BONE. THE PALATINE AND LINGUAL TONSILS ARE LOCATED HERE
  4. LARYNGOPHARYNX
    NARROW, CONTINUES FROM THE OROPHARYNX AND LIES BTWN THE HYOID BONE AND THE ENTRANCE TO THE LARYNX AND ESOPHAGUS. IT CONTINUES AS THE ESOPHAGUS AT THE LEVEL OF THE CRICOID CARTILAGE OF THE LARYNX
  5. HYOID BONE
    HORSE-SHOE SHAPED, LIES IN THE ANTERIOR SURFACE OF THE NECK, JUST SUPERIOR TO THE THYROID CARTILAGE
  6. VALLECULAE
    DEPRESSIONS INFERIOR TO THE TOUNGE
  7. LARYNX
    MARKS THE BEGINNING OF THE LOWER RESPIRATORY PATHWAY. IDENTIFIABLE CARTILAGES ARE THE THYROID, EPIGLOTTIS, CRICOID AND ARYTENOID. THE INNER STRUCTURES INCLUDE THE TRUE AND FALSE VOCAL CORDS, ARYEPIGLOTTIC FOLDS AND PIRIFORM SINUSES (TWO PEAR SHAPED CAVITIES)
  8. THYROID CARTILAGE
    LARGEST AND MOST SUPERIOR OF THE LARYNGEAL CARTILAGES. CONSISTS OF A RT AND LT LAMINA, WHICH UNITE ANTERIORLY TO FOR A SHIELD TO PROTECT THE VOCAL CORDS
  9. EPIGLOTTIS
    ELASTIC, ALLOWS FOR MOVEMENT. FOLDS BACK OVER LARYNX DURING SWALLOWING, PREVENTING ENTRY OF LIQUIDS OR SOLID FOOD INTO THE RESPIRATORY PASSAGEWAYS
  10. ARYTENOID CARTILAGE
    PAIRED, SHAPED LIKE PYRAMIDS AND SITUATED AT THE POSTERIOR ASPECT OF THE LARYNX JUST ON TOP OF THE CRICOID CARTILAGE
  11. CORNICULATE CARTILAGE
    ARTICULATES WITH SUPERIOR SURFACE OF ARYTENOID CARTILAGE. SMALL AND HORN SHAPED. INVOLVED IN OPENING AND CLOSING OF GLOTTIS FOR PRODUCTION OF SOUND
  12. CUNEIFORM CARTILAGES
    SMALL AND CURVE SHAPED. LIE WITHIN FOLDS OF ARYEPIGLOTTIC FOLDS THAT EXTEND BETWEEN LATERAL ASPECT OF ARYTENOID CARTILAGE AND EPIGLOTTIS
  13. CRICOID CARTILAGE
    A COMPLETE RING THAT FORMS THE BASE OF THE LARYNX ON WHICH THE OTHER CARTILAGES REST. MARKS THE JUNCTION BTWN THE LARYNX AND TRACHEA AND BEGINNING OF ESOPHAGUS
  14. VOCAL CORDS
    SUPERIOR PAIR - VESTIBULAR FOLDS (FALSE)

    INFERIOR PAIR - TRUE CORDS

    OPENING BETWEEN THE TRUE CORDS IN A RELAXED POSITION IS THE GLOTTIS
  15. ESOPHAGUS
    MUSCULAR TUBE THAT EXTENDS DOWN TO CARDIAC ORIFICE OF STOMACH BETWEEN THE TRACHEA AND ANTERIOR LONGITUDINAL LIGAMENT
  16. TRACHEA
    REINFORCED BY MANY C SHAPED PIECES OF CARTILAGE, BIFURCATES INTO THE RT AND LT MAINSTEM BRONCHI AT CARINA
  17. PAROTID GLANDS
    LARGEST SALIVARY GLANDS, LOCATED BETWEEN THE RAMUS OF THE MANDIBLE AND THE STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID MUSCLE
  18. SUBMANDIBULAR GLANDS
    SALIVARY GLANDS THAT EXTEND FROM THE ANGLE OF MANDIBLE TO THE LEVEL OF THE HYOID BONE
  19. SUBLINGUAL GLANDS
    SMALLEST OF SALIVARY GLANDS, LIE UNDER THE TOUNGE
  20. THYROID GLAND
    ENDOCRINE GLAND, LOCATED AT LEVEL OF CRICOID CARTILAGE. PRODUCES HORMONES THAT REGULATE METABOLIC RATE. PARATHYROID GLANDS ARE LOCATED ON POSTERIOR SURFACE OF THE LOBES
  21. CERVICAL LYMPH NODES
    NODES ARE GROUPED ALONG THE LOWER BORDER OF THE JAW, IN FRONT AND BEHIND EARS, AND DEEP IN NECK ALONG LARGE BLOOD VESSELS
  22. PHARYNGEAL MUSCLES
    SUP, MID, AND INF OVERLAPPING CONSTRICTOR MUSCLES THAT CONSTRICT PHARYNX AND INDUCE PERISTALTIC WAVES
  23. INNER LONGITUDINAL PHARYNGEAL MUSCLES
    STYLOPHARYNGEUS, PALATOPHARYNGEUS, AND SALPINGOPHARYNGEUS... INVOLVED WITH ELEVATING THE PHARYNX AND LARYNX DURING SWALLOWING AND SPEAKING
  24. EXTRINSIC MUSCLES OF TOUNGE
    GENIOGLOSSUS, HYOGLOSSUS, STYLOGLOSSUS AND PALATOGLOSSUS... RESPONSIBLE FOR CHANGING POSITION OF THE TOUNGE
  25. LARYNGEAL MUSCLES ACTING ON THE FALSE VOCAL CORDS
    • ARYEPIGLOTTIC
    • ARYTENOID
    • THROARYTENOID
  26. LARYNGEAL MUSCLES ACTING ON THE TRUE VOCAL CORDS
    • ARYTENOIDS
    • POSTERIOR AND LATERAL CRICOARYTENOIDS
    • VOCALIS
  27. STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID MUSCLE
    BROAD, STRAP LIKE. ORIGINATES ON STERNUM AND CLAVICLE AND INSERTS ON THE MASTOID TIP OF THE TEMPORAL BONE. TURNS THE HEAD FROM SIDE TO SIDE AND FLEXES NECK. CAN BE USED TO DIVIDE NECK INTO ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR TRIANGLES
  28. MUSCLES OF ANTERIOR TRIANGLE
    AKA MUSCLES OF THE THROAT, CAN BE DIVIDED INTO SUPRAHYOID AND INFRAHYOID
  29. MUSCLES OF POSTERIOR TRIANGLE
    • TRAPEZIUS
    • SPLENIUS CAPITIS
    • LEVATOR SCAPULAE
    • ANT, MID, POST SCALENE MUSCLES
  30. TRAPEZIUS MUSCLE
    SUPERFICIAL MUSCLE, LOCATED ON POSTERIOR PORTION OF THE NECK, ELEVATES THE SCAPULA
  31. SPLENIUS CAPITIS MUSCLE
    LOCATED ANTERIOR TO THE TRAPEZIUS, EXTENDS THE HEAD
  32. LEVATOR SCAPULAE MUSCLE
    POSTEROLATERAL PORTION OF NECK, RAISES SCAPULA
  33. SCALENE MUSCLE GROUP
    ANTEROLATERAL PORTION OF NECK, DIVIDED INTO ANT, MID, POST. AID IN FLEXION OF NECK
  34. PLATYSMA MUSCLE
    COVERS THE ANTERIOR SURFACE OF THE NECK. COMPRESSION OF THIS MUSCLE CAUSES DEPRESSION OF MANDIBLE AND CREATES RIDGES IN THE NECK. ELEVATES THE UPPER TWO RIBS AND FLEXES NECK
  35. COMMON CAROTID ARTERIES
    • RT ARISES FROM BRACHIOCEPALIC ARTERY
    • LT ARISES FROM THE AORTIC ARCH
    • BIFURCATE INTO THE INT & EXT CAROTIDS
    • INT SUPPLIES BRAIN
    • EXT SUPPLIES FACE
  36. VERTEBRAL ARTERIES
    • BEGIN AS A BRANCH OF THE SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY
    • ASCEND THE NECK THROUGH THE TRANSVERSE FORAMINA OF C6-C1
  37. JUGULAR VEINS
    RUN POSTERIOR TO THE INT CAROTID ARTERY
  38. INTERNAL JUGULAR VEINS
    COMMENCE AT THE JUGULAR FORAMEN IN THE POSTERIOR CRANIAL FOSSA AND DESCEND THE LATERAL PORTION OF THE NECK TO UNITE WITH THE SUBCLAVIAN VEIN TO FORM BRACHIOCEPHALIC VEIN
  39. RETROMANDIBULAR VEIN
    DRAINS BLOOD FROM THE LATERAL REGION OF THE FACE AND CONTINUES AS THE EXT JUGULAR VEIN (JUST BENEATH THE SKIN, EMPTY INTO SUBCLAVIAN VEIN) THE ANTERIOR JUGULAR VEIN ALSO ENTERS THE EXT JUGULAR VEIN
  40. CAROTID SHEATH
    A COMPARTMENT COMPOSED OF CERVICAL FASCIA, ENCLOSES THE COMMON AND INT CAROTID ARTERIES, INT JUGULAR VEINS, LYMPH NODES, VAGUS NERVE

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview