Buddhism Quiz #1

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Buddhism Quiz #1
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2010-02-13 04:09:23
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Buddhism Quiz #1
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  1. Anatta
    Soullessness, a characteristic of all things, including people
  2. Anicca
    Impermanence, a fundamental characteristic of all things except Nirvana
  3. Arahant
    An enlightened being who will be reborn no more
  4. Asava
    The “cankers” of sensual desire, desire to exist, wrong views and ignorance that poison the mind
  5. Buddha
    “The awakened one.” An enlightened person who teaches others but did not have a teacher.
  6. Dharma
    The laws of the universe, truth, the components of existence
  7. Dukkha
    Unsatisfactoriness, suffering
  8. Karma
    An action that has good or bad results for the doer based on their intention
  9. Khandha
    The five aggregates out of which humans are made: form, feeling, perception, mental formations, consciousness
  10. Nirvana
    The extinguishing of desire resulting in the release from suffering and cessation of rebirth
  11. Pali
    The language of the earliest Buddhist texts from the Theravada School
  12. Parinirvana
    The permanent bliss after death of an enlightened person
  13. Paticcasamuppada
    Dependent origination, the chain of causality that connects one moment with the next
  14. Samsara
    The continual cycle of rebirth driven by karma
  15. Sangha
    The community of monks and nuns
  16. Sanskrit
    The sacred language of the Hindus, and also the language of later Buddhist texts, especially those from the Mahayana School
  17. Theravada
    The older, more conservative form of Buddhism of Southeast Asia. A thera is an elder monk
  18. The Five Khandhas/Aggregates
    • 1. Rupa- physical form
    • 2. vedana- physical sensations
    • 3. sanna- perceptions
    • 4. sankhara- mental formations and emotions
    • 5. Vinnana-consciousness
  19. The Four Noble Truths
    • 1. Life is suffering
    • 2. Suffering arises from desire
    • 3. getting rid or your desires will cease your suffering
    • 4. To get rid of suffering follow the Eightfold Path.
  20. Three Characterisics of all things:
    • 1. Anicca- impermanence
    • 2. Anatta- no soul
    • 3. Dukkha- suffering

    - These all lead to suffering
  21. Categories for the Eightfold Path
    • 1. Moral behavior
    • 2. Wisdom
    • 3. Mediator
  22. Paticca-Samuppanda- The law of the universe in Buddhism
    A physical/spiritual law that means everything is here for a reason.
  23. Yoga
    Spiritual Practice
  24. The Four Sights
    • 1. An old man
    • 2. A sick man
    • 3. A dead man
    • 4. An ascetic
  25. The Four Castes of Hinduism
    • 1. Brahmins- Priets
    • 2. Kshatriya- Warriors/nobility
    • 3. Vaishya- Merchants/farmers
    • 4. Shudra- Servants
    • -The Buddha was part of the nobility caste
  26. Siddhartha Gautam
    • - Born in 563 BCE
    • - Died in 483 BCE when he was 80 years old.
  27. Aryans
    • - come from the north
    • - speak Sanskrit
    • - sacred texts are the Vedas
  28. Mahayana
    "The Great Vehicle" meaning the religion is a vehible into which reach the afterlife. Happened in the 1st century. Popular in China and Korea
  29. Samsara
    The cycle of rebirths
  30. Six stages of rebirths
    Heaven, asuras, human, animals, preta (ghosts), and hell. None of these rebirths are permanent, they are purgatories.
  31. Karma
    You are rewarded accordingly to your actions. There are no gods that control karma. Only humans can make new karma.

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