Procaryotic/Eucaryotic Chapter 2

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Author:
Kiarac
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67822
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Procaryotic/Eucaryotic Chapter 2
Updated:
2011-02-22 03:48:51
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Bioscience
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MIcrobiology
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  1. Another word for shape
    Morphology
  2. Round shaped are called__(nonmotile)
    Cocci
  3. Rod shaped are called
    Bacilli
  4. Spiral-curved shaped are called
    Vibrio
  5. Spiral-"S" shaped are called
    Spirillium
  6. True spiral shaped are called
    Spirochete
  7. Growth morphology of coccus in pairs
    Diplococci
  8. Growth morphology of coccus in chains
    Streptococci
  9. Growth morphology of coccus in grape-like clusters
    Staphylococci
  10. T/F Growth morphology of bacilli typically have a pattern?
    False
  11. Most bacilli are motile by means of a__(not cilia)
    Flagella
  12. A gelatin layer that surrounds the cell wall
    Glycocalyx
  13. Thick glycocalyx is called
    Capsules
  14. Thin glycocalyx is called
    Slime layer
  15. Glycocalyx protects from:
    Dehydration, phagocytosis of Eucaryotic(WBC attack), and chemicals(antibiotics)
  16. The degree of severity of disease
    Virulence
  17. A bacterial structure that is used to propel bacteria in and aqueuos environment
    Flagella
  18. Has no flagella
    Atrichous
  19. Has one flagella at one pole
    Monotrichous
  20. has a tuft or 2 or more flagella at one pole
    Lophotrichous
  21. has one tuft or flagella at one pole
    Amphitrichous
  22. Has flagella surrounding it
    Peritrichous
  23. A bundle of fibers that rotate causing the bacteria to move (in spirochetes)
    Axial filament
  24. Short stub hairlike bacteria structure appendages of protein (not for movement but for adherence)
    Pili
  25. Examples of bacteria with capsules
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Klebsiella pneumonia
  26. __pili join bacteria for transfer of DNA
    sex
  27. Only Gram__cells have pili
    Negative
  28. THe cell wall helps to maintain__and__
    Shape and protection
  29. Chemical components of the cell wall are:
    Peptidoglycan(starchy substance, Nitrogren compounds(NaG NaM), tiechoic acid(like fat), amino acids(held together by peptide bonds), carbohydrates and lipids
  30. 4 steps of the Gram Staining
    Crystal violet(purple), iodine(color enhancer), 95%ethanol(decolorizer), safarin(red)
  31. Gram positive organinsms are
    purple
  32. Gram negative organisms are
    red/pink
  33. Gram__organisms arent susceptible to penicillin
    negative
  34. Proteins secreted into the environment by bacteria
    Exotoxins
  35. Lsye(breakdown) RBC's
    Hemolysin
  36. Lyse(breakdown) WBC's
    Leukocidin
  37. An enzyme that hydrolyzes(dissolves) hyaluronic acid of connective tissue
    Hyaluronidase
  38. Hydrolyzes(dissolves) collagen
    Collagenase
  39. An enzyme that coagulates plasma to form fibrin clots
    Coragulase
  40. Lyses(dissolves) plasma clots
    Streptokinase
  41. Gram__cells have endotoxins only
    Negative

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