Comp Pt

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sthomp88
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67867
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Comp Pt
Updated:
2011-02-22 23:58:32
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Chapter fourty eight
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week six
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  1. glands of internal secretion; seccrete highly specialized substances (hormones) that, w/ nervous system, maintain homeostasis.
    endocrine glands
  2. How are hormones transported? And how do they act on body cells?
    • by blood or lymph
    • directly on body cells; or indirectly to control the hormones of other glands
  3. What are 5 vital functions that the action of hormones regulates?
    • growth and development
    • energy production
    • food metabolism
    • reproductive process
    • response to stress
  4. What are the 6 major endocrine glands?
    • pituitary gland
    • thyroid
    • parathyroids
    • pancreas
    • adrenals
    • gonads
  5. What gland regulates the output of hormones by other glands?
    anterior pituitary; or 'master gland'
  6. true or false. The pituitary itself is regulated by the hormones of the other glands
    true
  7. The period of life considered adolescence is represented by the years between ages what?
    10-21
  8. State the approximate ages for each of the following phases:
    early adolescence
    middle adolescence
    late adolescence
    • 10-13
    • 14-17
    • 18-21
  9. a dynamic period of development marked by rapid changes in body size, shape, and composition; a sign of growing up
    puberty
  10. Why is chronologic age an unreliable indicator of puberty?
    because it may begin normally in either sex between 9 and 17 years of age
  11. do females or males generally go through puberty first?
    females
  12. When do the secondary sex changes begin to appear in females? In males? how long does it usually take for them to be complete?
    • 10-13
    • 13-14
    • 3-4 years
  13. Pituitary hormones control the hormones produced by what?
    ovaries and testes
  14. hormones produced by the ovaries are know collectively as what? And those produce by the testes are known as what?
    • estrogens
    • androgens
  15. estrogens and androgens are responsible for the development of what 3 things?
    • sex organs
    • accessory sex organ
    • secondary sex characteristics
  16. In the process of female development from estrogens, they experience an accelerated growth spurt; and sex organs develope;list the 4 female sex organs that develop.
    • fallopian tubes
    • uterus
    • vagina
    • breasts
  17. What are 4 stages in the appearance of secondary sex characteristics in females
    • growth of pubic and axillary hair
    • skeletal develpment, increase height, enlargment of pelvis
    • fat deposition on the hips
    • voice drops one or two tones
  18. true or false. In female development, menstruation may precede the first ovulation.
    true
  19. In the process of male development from androgens, they experience an increase in the size of testes and scrotum, and the beginning of spermatogenesis; and sex organs develop; what are the 4 male sex organs that develop?
    • vas deferens
    • seminal vesicles
    • prostate
    • penis
  20. What are 2 stages in the appearance of secondary sex characteristics in males?
    • growth of facial, pubic, and axillary hair
    • voice deepens
  21. true or false. During male development, they experience an increase in height, and muscle volume and mass
    true
  22. What age do growth spurts usually occur in females? in males?
    • 11-14
    • 12-16
  23. What are 2 concerns with growth spurts of teens?
    • overeating with underexercise, along with psychosocial problems; obesity
    • poor coordination and awkwardness
  24. What are the three health basics for teens?
    • fuel
    • activity
    • rest
  25. psychologically and socially, ____________ is the bridge from childhood to adulthood
    adolescence
  26. psychosocial development: describe the independance of early adolescence, 10-13 years, middle school. (2)
    • less interest in parental activities
    • wide mood swings
  27. psychosocial development: describe the independance of middle adolescence, 14-17, high school. (1)
    peak of parental conflicts
  28. psychosocial development: describe the independance of late adolescence, 18-21, education or work. (1)
    reacceptance of parental values
  29. psychosocial development: describe the body image of early adolescence, 10-13, middle school. (2)
    • preoccupation with self and pubertal changes
    • uncertainty about appearnce
  30. psychosocial development: describe the body image of middle adolescence, 14-17, high school. (2)
    • general acceptance of body
    • concern over making body more attractive
  31. psychosocial development: describe the body image of late adolescence, 18-21, education or work. (1)
    acceptance of pubertal changes
  32. psychosocial development: describe the peer influence of early adolescence, 10-13, middle school. (1)
    intense relationships with same sex friends
  33. psychosocial development: describe the peer influence of middle adolescence, 14-17, high school. (3)
    • peak of peer involvment
    • confomity with peer values
    • increased sexual activity and experimentation
  34. psychosocial development: describe the peer influence of late adolescence, 18-21, education or work. (2)
    • peer group is less important
    • more time spent in sharing intimate relationships
  35. psychosocial development: describe the indentity of early adolescence, 10-13, middle school. (5)
    • increase cognition
    • increased fantasy world
    • idealistic vocational goals
    • increased need for privacy
    • lack of impulse control
  36. psychosocial development: describe the identity of middle adolescence, 14-17, high school. (4)
    • increased scope of feelings
    • increased intellectual ability
    • feeling of omnipotence
    • risk-taking behavior
  37. psychosocial development: describe the identity of late adolescence, 18-21, education or work. (3)
    • practical, realistic vocational goals
    • refinement of moral religious, and sexual values
    • ablilty to compromise and to set limits
  38. true or false. Adolescence is the highest of any time in life for nutritional requirements for males; exceeded only during pregnancy for females.
    true
  39. Why is undernutrition common for adolescent boys? girls? teens?
    • overactivity and poor food selection
    • voluntary diet restrictions with poor food slection and fad diets in attempt to be thin
    • teens with a distorted body image may take concern to extremes
  40. Nem 2 common eating disorders that can lead to severe health complications, and even death, and how to treat them.
    • anorexia nervosa and/or bulimia
    • treatment requires an interdisciplinary team approach involving medical care, psychotherapy, and nutrition and family counseling
  41. What condition is common among teenage girls, particularly after the onset of menstruation, and is treated with iron supplements, changes in diet, or both?
    iron-deficiency anemia

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