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group with biological characteristics
- idea that any race is superior
- * all races have geniuses and idiots
- idea that nay race is pure.
- *human charachterisics flow endlessly together
groups that shara a cultural background common ancestry, religion, and food.
cultural characterisitcs. refer to people who identify with one another on the basis of common ancestry and clutureal heritage.
people singled out for unequal treatment by dominant groups
groups with wealth, power and privileges
- not necessarily small in number
- * membership is an ascribed status.
- *physical or cultural traits held in low esteem by dominant group.
- *unwgual treatment
- *marry within own group
- *feel strong group solidarity.
learn from association
far-reaching nature of prejudice
frustration and scapegoats
people who are unable to strick out at the real source of their frustration look for someone to blame
the authoritarian personality
theordor adorno created a survey which measured: ethnocentirism, anti-semitism, and support for strong, authoritarian leaders and found that these criteria were connected
- sherif study
- * prejudice is functional as it brings people together.'
- * can create negative stereotypes (dsyfuncution)
prejudice is beneficial to the dominant group as it keeps minority groups oppressed.
*power split labor force
lables lead to selective perception- we see what we want to see
global patterns of intergroup relations
- *population transfer
- *internal coloialism
race and ethnic relations in the united states
* nations founders incleded only those from england (WASPs)
*Other "white" europeans inferior
the largest racial/ethnic/minority group in the u.s. totaling over 42 million
country of origin is significant
the u.s. is the largest spanish-speaking nation in the world
underrapresened in politics
campared with whites and asican americans, lations have less income,higher umemployment and poverty.
after slavery was abolished, the southern states passed legislation to segregate blacks and whites.
1964-watts riots-caused by "rising expectations"
1968-second civil rights act passed
remarkable gains have been made in politics, edu, and jobs
half of all african american families make more than $35,000 per year.
The model minority
background of discrimination
diversity amoung subgroups
- reason for success
- -family life
- -educational achievement
from treaties to genocide and population transfer
the invisible minority and self-determination
diversity in tribes
highest rate of alcoholism and suicide among the mjor races
42% live in inadequate housing on reservations
many are moving to the cities