intro to sociology
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related by blood, marriage or adoption
people who live together
husband, wife and their immediate children
nuclear family plus grandparents cousins and other relatives living in the same house hold or nearby
family a person grows up
family formed when a couple has their first child
patrilineal- fathers side
bilineal-fathers and mothers side
a group approved mating arragement marked by a ritual.
(hosechild) many dual earned family today but women still pull the second shirt leaving many women sissatisfied with their marriage
balance between power in marriage
led to the rising divorce rate
family 6 functions
- 1. economic production
- 2. socialization of children
- 3. care of the sick and aged
- 4. recreation
- 5. sexual control
- 6. reprodction
people being sexually attracted to one another and idealizing each other.
marriage in the u.s
man having many wives
women having many husbans
marrying someone life yourself
93% of americans marry same race.
amount of course the staff has taken in early child care.
one on one care, cares in own home, less likely to get sick, parents seem to get jelouse of the nanny
working class parents
more likly to spank children
from high supervision at work
move out and come back 42% of people in there late 20s still live with parents
single parent family
mostlikly to be poor, the number of single parent families especially heady by women has increased in large numbers since 1950.
1 out of 5 babies are born to an unwed mother.
families without children
married couple who are making the decision not have any children has increased. the biggest reason is freedom from responsibility.
"dual income no kids"
you can have kids or you can have anuthing else.
20% of married couples are un able to conseve.
families whose members were once part of other families. this number has risen as divorce rates have increased.
postponing marriage and childbirth
the average age of first time grooms in now 29 and for the fist time brides is 27, an increase of 5 years since 1950. this average age of first time mothers is now about 29.
2/3 of marriage couple have lived together before they got married. the studies of cohbiation couples and marital success is not positive.
this refers to mothers in cohabitative relationships and has risen along with cohobitation
grandparents as parents
more grandparents are fulfilling the parental role as more parents are working
families who are taking care of their children and their parents at the same time: often this responsibilty is taken by the daughters
rates rose between 1950-1980 since then the number have leveled off.
increased because of changing norms, less stigma, and governmental policies
effects of divorce on children are varied.
father who keep contact with their children for about a year after a divorce, get remarried, and refocus their attention to the " new family.
most peopel who get divorced will remarry within 3 years.
children brought into remarriage divorce is likely.
biggest problem, according to step parents , is discipline
boundary ambiquily ccan lead to problems in blending families.
the majority of vicims are children under the age of 6
- -neglect is the most common form
- -emotional and physical abuse(other forms)
more man than women are the perpetrators of spousal abuse
-women stay in abusive relationships for various reason..lack of resouces , fear of retaliation,salvation ethnic and blamming themselves.
-police respone to abuse has changed in recent years
The bright side of successful marriage
- - thinking of their spouse as their bestfriend
- - laughter
- -share same goals
- -think of marriage of being sacred
- -think of marriage as a long-term commitment.
the future of marriage and family
no danger of becoming a relic
cohabitation,single mothers,age at marriage, grandparents as parents will increase
equality in marriage not on horizon.
marriages are happier when they get along with inlaws
x's stay friends after divorse or kids and favors around the house.
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