Sociology: Unit 1 (Culture)

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alipeace11
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67952
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Sociology: Unit 1 (Culture)
Updated:
2011-06-05 10:25:58
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unit one
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unit one, culture
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  1. what are the three categories of cultural traits?
    • material possesions
    • norms
    • values
  2. What is an example of a material possesion? A norm? A value?
    • camera
    • shaking hands
    • religion
  3. Define and give an example for status positions.
    • What you are in relation to those around you.
    • doctor in relation to nurses, patients
  4. Define and give an example for status symbols.
    • Material possesions attached to a position.
    • Chalk for a teacher
  5. Define and give an example for roles.
    • Norms associated with status positions
    • listening to a patient for a doctor status
  6. Define and give an example for status set.
    • Number of status positions a person occupies.
    • father, techer, son, friend
  7. Define role confict.
    behavior expectations of one role come into conflict with other roles
  8. Define and give an example for ascribed status (2).
    • born with.
    • gender, race
  9. Define and give an example for achieved status (3).
    • acquired
    • professor, spouse, mother
  10. What are the three Ps which sort status occupants into upper and lower layers?
    • Power
    • Privileges
    • Prestige
  11. Define power.
    Ability to impose will on others
  12. Define privilages.
    Access to the good things in life.
  13. Define prestige.
    respect given to a status occupant by others
  14. What are the four interaction distances called?
    • Intimate
    • Personal
    • Social
    • Public
  15. What is the intimate distance? What is done at such a distance (3)?
    • 6-18 inches
    • wrestling, embracing, conversations in low tones
  16. What is the personal distance? What is done at such a distance (1)?
    • 18 inches- 4 feet
    • ordinary personal conversation
  17. What is the social distance? What is done at such a distance (2)?
    • 4-7 feet
    • coworkers converse in office setting
    • people speak in an party setting
  18. What is the public distance? What is done at such a distance (1)?
    • 7-12 feet
    • formal address to an audience
  19. Edward T Hall said you can learn a lot about a culture through how they interpret __________ and ___________.
    time and space
  20. Define socialization.
    learning the norms and values of a culture.
  21. What are the four forces involved in how to fit in (socialization)?
    • family
    • peers
    • school
    • media
  22. What is cultural relativity?
    Judge a person by the values of their own culture.
  23. Define and give an example of universals (3).
    • behavioral patterns found in all known cultures
    • marriage, dancing, body adornment
  24. Define symbol.
    Anything that meaningfully represents something other than what it is to a particular culture.
  25. What are the five types of symbols and give an example for each.
    • objects- 4 leaf clover- good luck
    • colors-green-envy
    • designs- <3- love
    • sounds- applause- good job
    • gestures- pointer finger and fore-finger- peace
  26. What is the most widely used symbol?
    language
  27. What is the Spir-Whorf hypothesis? Example?
    • language shapes perception of reality
    • policeman-fireman-chairman= indicate male dominated society
  28. What are folkway culture traits?
    doesn't endanger stability of society
  29. What are mores?
    endagers stability of society
  30. What is a sub-culture?
    shares traits with predominant culture
  31. What is a counter culture?
    establishes traits apart from predominant culture
  32. What is cultural change, (how is it related to cultural base)?
    The more traits a culture has, (the larger its cultural base) the faster it will change.
  33. What is cultural integration?
    Relationship between values and norms.
  34. When a culture is tightly integrated...
    • norms reflect values
    • occurs more often in smaller bases
  35. When a culture is loosely integrated...
    norms contradict values
  36. What is a cultural base?
    Society's material possesions, norms, values
  37. Define cultural lag.
    technology being introduced and used before we have complete understanding of its effect on us.
  38. What is schadenfreude?
    German word which means we delight in others' misery
  39. Define material possesion or tool.
    tangible objects of a culture
  40. Define norms.
    behaviors accepted by society
  41. What was one tool, norm and value from the Serma Tribe from the film Lip Plates and Fighting Sticks?
    • beer container
    • drinking in peers
    • co-operation
  42. What was one tool, norm and value of the Canela Tribe?
    • red paint
    • honor the dead
    • tradition
  43. T or F? The fewer cultural traits there are, the slower a culture will change.
    True
  44. T or F? The most important values of a culture are referred to as the cultural base.
    false
  45. T or F? A complex, loosely integrated culture is likely to be flexible and able to adjust to change
    True

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