The flashcards below were created by user
on FreezingBlue Flashcards.
sputum or (phlegm)
an Abnormal viscous secretion that is a production of the lower respiratory tree; It consists mainly of mucus.
fluid secreted by mucus membranes and glands.
- equipment for producing a fine spray or mist
- by rapidly passing air through or vibrating a liquid
to produce small particles
agents that have a disintegrating effect on mucus
(Expectorant) and promotes coughing or spitting to help remove mucus
an agent that helps move mucus along the trachebronchial tree
a form of inhaled, topical pulmonary treatment
forming or containing pus
a collapsed or airless condition of the lung
narrowing of the bronchial tubes
chemicals that cause bronchodilation by inhibiting the enzyme phosphodiesterase
increases the cyclic adenosine monophosphate level (CAMP)
stimulates the medulla and CNS to....
- -decrease airway reactivity
- -relax bronchial smooth muscle
- -stimulate breathing
the study of how normal function and processes of the body are altered by disease
drugs that mimic the body's own regulatory function by...
-binding to and stimulating receptors in the body
counteracts the action of something else....
- nerve fibers that release
in the CNS
"FIGHT OR FLIGHT RESPONSE"
activated by the enzyme cholinesterase
blocking cholinergic or parasympathetic nerve fibers
a class of bilogically active compounds and mediator of inflammation
found in the human airway that produce allergic and inflammatory reactions similar to those of histamine
Leukotriene receptor inhibitors (Agonists)
drugs that prevent leukotrienes from binding to receptor sites in the human airway
- Beta2 agonist- long acting
Beta2 agonist- short acting
mast cell stabilizor
which 2 drugs do you want to avoid with xanthine derivatives?
erythromycin and Cipro
**they decrease hepatic clearance of the drug and cause syrum levels to rise
why does smoking interact with xanthine?
smoking decreases the 1/2 life
causing a need to increase the dose amount
why can alupent be used with albuterol?
alupent effects more Beta1 than Beta2 so that is why you can combine them
albuterol activates CAMP; smooth muscle relaxes
Isotonic Saline Solution
Hypotonic Saline Solution
more distal airways
Hypertonic Saline Solutions
irritates throat; produces cough
congested and nonproductive cough
not expectorating mucus
congested and productive cough
- can expectorate mucus
what drug potentiates Beta-agonist drugs?
1 minute onset
Albuterol (Proventil, Ventolin)
5-15 min. onset