kumar cytoprotective & ocular

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Anonymous
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68046
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kumar cytoprotective & ocular
Updated:
2011-02-21 23:18:38
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kumar
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  1. What is the stimulator of gastrointestinal motility indicated to for reflux esophagitis and gastric motility disorders?
    metoclopramide
  2. prokinetic with broad spectrum of action, increases GIT motility including the colon and enhances the releases of acetylcholine and cholinergic neurotrasmission.
    cisapride
  3. Stimulator of GI motility that is more potent than metoclopramide but is indicated for the same uses.
    cisapride
  4. Used to treat diarrhea with infection, control diarrhea in calves and mild colic in horses
    hyoscine
  5. anticholinergic drugs?
    1.
    2.
    3.
    atropine, propantheline, hyoscine
  6. opoid agonist which decrease GI motility and secretions
    1.
    2.
    3.
    morphine, fentanyl, meperidine
  7. What inhibits acetylcholine release in GIT and depresses peristaltic reflex?
    opioids
  8. what increases tone of the sphincter cause movement through GI to slow down allowing more time for h2o absorption?
    opioids
  9. contra-indication is diarrhea due to an infection
    opioids (prolong intestinal transit time)
  10. active metabolite of diphenoxylate which can be used with atropine sulfate to reduce opioid abuse in humans
    difenoxin
  11. reduces excessive intestinal secretion and prolongs intestinal transit time
    loperamide
  12. Preferred anti-diarheal preparation in foals
    paregoric
  13. 3 anti-diarrheal drugs used in cats
    • propantheline
    • loperamide
    • bismuth subsalicylate
  14. absorbs toxins and is a safe antidiarrheal drug to use in cats
    bismuth subsalicylate
  15. Whats absorbs E. coli enterotoxin
    bismuth salts and activated charcoal
  16. what drug needs to be followed with saline laxatives 30-45 minutes after activation
    activated charcoal
  17. what is a drug not affected by digestive enzymes and binds bile acids in the intestines. it is also insoluble in h2o
    cholestyramine
  18. Drug used to treat pruritis in patients with cholestasis and bile salt accumulation
    cholestyramine
  19. The eyelids, 3rd eyelid, conjuctiva, lacrimal gland, and the nasolacrimal gland are all part of what?
    adenex
  20. The highest concentration of zinc can be found here (according to Brownie)
    eyelids and 3rd eyelid
  21. what is the function of the aqueous humor?
    nutritional and waste removal from cornea and lens and to maintain pressure
  22. systemic MIC may not be applicable for ocular therapeutics because?
    the ability to reach higher local drug levels
  23. What two situations may cause ocular barriers to alter drug penetration
    inflammation or breakdown of ocular barriers
  24. What is the route of administration for some posterior segment diseases like glaucoma which CANNOT be removed?
    intravitreal injection
  25. This route of administration which may be difficult to treat patients but allow the drug levels to be sustained for days to weeks
    sub-conjunctival injection
  26. what paralyzes ciliary body muscles?
    cycloplegics
  27. name 2 parasympatholytics which dilate the eye
    atropine and tropicamide
  28. anticholinergic blockage of the iris sphincter and ciliary body muscles can be caused by what type of drugs?
    parasympathlytics
  29. Is atropine or tropicamide more potent?
    atropine
  30. what kind of drug constricts the pupil?
    miotics

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