Lesions

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
68052
Filename:
Lesions
Updated:
2011-02-22 00:14:37
Tags:
Lesions
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Description:
Shapes & Patterns
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  1. LESION SHAPES:

    Round/Oval
    Solid appearance - no central clearing
  2. LESION SHAPES:

    Annular
    Round with central clearing (tinea corporis)
  3. LESION SHAPES:

    Iris
    Pink macule with purple concentric ring (erythema multiforme)
  4. LESION SHAPES:

    Gyrate
    Snakelike appearance
  5. SECONDARY LESION

    Scale
    Heaped-up keratinized cells; flaky skin; irregular; thick or think; dray or oily; variation in size
  6. Flaking of skin with seborrheic dermatitis following scarlet fever, or flaking of skin following a drug reaction; dry skin, pity-riasis rosea, eczema, xerosis
    Secondary skin lesion: scale
  7. SECONDARY LESION

    Lichenification
    Rough, thickened epidermis secondary to persistent rubbing, itching, or skin irritation; often involves flexor surface of extremity
  8. Chronic dermatitis
    Lichenification
  9. SECONDARY LESION:

    Keloid
    Irregular-shaped, elevated, progressively enlarging scar; grows beyond the boundaries of the wound
  10. SECONDARY LESION:

    Scar
    Thin to thick fibrous tissue that replaces normal skin following injury or laceration to the dermis
  11. Healed wound or surgical incision
    Secondary Lesion: scar
  12. SECONDARY LESION:

    Excoriation
    Loss of the epidermis; linear hollowed out crusted area
  13. Abrasion or scratch, scabies
    Secondary lesion: excoriation
  14. SECONDARY LESION:

    Fissure
    Linear crack or break from the epidermis to the dermis; may be moist or dry
  15. Athlete's foot, cracks at the corner of the mouth, chapped hands, eczema, intertrigo labialis
    Secondary lesion: fissure
  16. SECONDARY LESION:

    Crust
    Dried drainage or blood; slightly elevated; variable size; colors variabled (black, tan, mixed)
  17. scab on abrasion, eczema
    Secondary lesion: crust
  18. SECONDARY LESION:

    Erosion
    Loss of part of the epidermis; depressed, moist, glistening; follows rupture of a vesicle or bulla
  19. varicella, variola after rupture, candidiasis, herpes simplex
    Secondary lesion: erosion
  20. SECONDARY LESION:

    Ulcer
    Loss of epidermis and dermis; concave; varies in size
  21. Pressure ulcer, stasis ulcers, syphilis chancre
    Secondary lesion: ulcer
  22. SECONDARY LESION:

    ATROPHY
    Thinning of the skin surface and loss of skin markings; skin appears translucent and paper-like
  23. Aged skin, striae, discoid lupus erythema-tosus
    Secondary lesion: atrophy
  24. PRIMARY LESION:

    Macule
    A flat, circumscribed area that is a change in the color of the skin; less than 1 cm in diameter
  25. Freckles, flat moles (nevi), petechiae, measles, scarlet fever
    Primary lesion: Macule
  26. PRIMARY LESION:

    Papule
    An elevated, firm, circumscribed area less than 1 cm in diamter
  27. Wart (verruca), elevated moles, lichen planus, cherry angioma, skin tag
    Primary lesion: papules
  28. PRIMARY LESION:

    Patch
    A flat, nonpalpable, irregular-shaped macule more than 1 cm in diameter
  29. Vitiligo, port wine stains, mongolian spots, cafe-au-lait spots
    Primary lesion: patch
  30. PRIMARY LESION:

    Plaque
    Elevated, firm, and rough lesion with flat top surface greater than 1 cm in diameter
  31. Psoriasis, seborrheic and actinic kerato-ses, eczema
    Primary lesion: plaque
  32. PRIMARY LESION:

    Wheal
    Elevated irregular-shpaed area of cutaneous edema; solid, transient; variable diameter
  33. Insect bites, urticaria, allergic reaction, lu-pus erythematosus
    Primary lesion: wheal
  34. PRIMARY LESION:

    Nodule
    Elevated, firm, curcumscribed lesion; deeper in dermis than a papule; 1-2 cm in diameter
  35. Dermatofiroma erythema nodosum, liponmas, melanoma, hemangioma, neuro-fibroma
    primary lesion: nodules
  36. PRIMARY LESIONS:

    Tumor
    Elevated and solid lesion; may or may not be clearly demarcated; deeper in dermis; greater than 2cm in diameter
  37. Neoplasms, lipoma, hemangioma
    primary lesion: tumors
  38. PRIMARY LESION:

    Vesicle
    Elevated, circumscribed, superficial, not into the dermis; filled with serous fluid; less than 1 cm in diameter
  39. varicella (chickenpox), herpes zoster (shingles), impetigo, acute eczema
    primary lesion: vesicle
  40. PRIMARY LESION:

    Bulla
    Vesicle greater than 1 cm in diameter
  41. Blister, pemphigus vulgaris, lupus, erythematosus, impetigo, drug reaction
    primary lesion: bulla
  42. PRIMARY LESION:

    Pustule
    Elevated, superficial lesion; similar to a vesicle but filled with purulent fluid
  43. Impetigo, acne, folliculitis, herpes simplex
    primary lesion: pustule
  44. PRIMARY LESION:

    Cyst
    Elevated, circumscribed, encapsulated lesion; in dermis or subQ layer; filled with liquid or semisolid material
  45. sebaceous cyst, cystic acne
    primary lesion: cysts

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