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an account that provides a principle for determining what is right and what is wrong.
“x” is right when the culture in which it occurs say so.
“x” is right when the person relating to “x” thinks so.
divine command theory
“x” is right if some divine being wills it to be.
cultural differences argument
different cultures disagree about moral norms so, cultural relativism: the truth about morality is relative to cultures.
restricting rights & keeping people down
logically prior to the individual- they help constitute the individuals identity in society.
frye's 1st definition of sexism
anything that exploits an irrelevant feature of sex.
a characteristic that makes something excellent
aritsotle virtue approach theory:
established an ideal of what a human is.
need to know purpose in order to see if excellent
final cause is its purpose
what makes us different from other animals is our reason, language
3 components of people:
1.) rational ability
2.) sensation and motion (animal)
3.) nutrition (vegetation)
set up excellence.
reason/regulation our animal behavior.
two features of moral virtue:
1.) it is a habit
a disposition to act
a character trait
2.) moral virtue is the mean
doctrine of the mean
hierarchy of ethics:
Happiness is the ultimate goal.
register the sex category of another and change my behavior accordingly.
proclaim my sex category to others through behavior and signs.
there is a compulsion felt to categorize people in order to relate to them.
Natural law ethics:
the moral order can be read from the natural order
1.) preserve your own being
2.) transmit [reproduce/multiply] your being
3.) "Aristotle" Reason and love are infinite capacities