Anatomy Midterm

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lorikuzma
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68118
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Anatomy Midterm
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2011-02-22 11:26:45
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Anatomy Midterm
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Anatomy Midterm
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  1. The study of the structures and shape of the human body
    Anatomy
  2. Body's internal environment remaining relatively constant
    Homeostasis
  3. a process of something or other
    metabloism
  4. How the body functions in a normal body process
    Physiology
  5. Plane that divides the body into superior and inferior
    transverse
  6. plane parallel to median plane
    sagital
  7. plane that divides anterior and posterior
    frontal
  8. plane that divides right and left
    midsagital
  9. know the anatomical position
  10. less complex to most complex
    • chemicals
    • cells
    • tissues
    • organs
    • organ systems
    • organisms
  11. structural and functional unit of all life
    cell
  12. collection of cells with similar structure
    tissue
  13. sagital section of the brain
    divided right and left
  14. cell's power plant responsible for respiration
    mitochondria
  15. control center of the cell
    nucleus
  16. hairlike projections that protet cell
    cilia
  17. boundry that separates intracellular structures
    membrane
  18. gel-like fluid
    cytoplasm
  19. cell drinker
    pinkeocytes
  20. movements of particles across membrane due to pressure
    filtration
  21. cell eating
    phagocytes
  22. membrane that lines joint cavities of free moving joint
    synovial
  23. membrane that lines cavities to outside of body
    mucus
  24. membrane that covers organs in closed cavity
    serious
  25. membrane of digestive tract
    mucus
  26. pertaining to the back side
    posterior
  27. lying face or belly up
    supine
  28. near the midline of the body
    medial
  29. above or toward the head
    superior
  30. oriented away from midline of body
    lateral
  31. front of a structure
    anterior
  32. outside surface - often referred to as superficial
    peripheral
  33. below or toward tail end
    inferior
  34. lying face down
    prone
  35. farthest from the point of referene
    distal
  36. nearest to point of reference
    proximal
  37. pertaining to the mouth region
    oral
  38. pertaining to the armpit
    axilary
  39. space in front of the elbow
    anticubital
  40. anterior trunk between thorax and pelvis
    abdominal
  41. pertaining to digit or digits
    digital
  42. pertaining to the thigh area
    femoral
  43. pertaining to the cheek area
    buccal
  44. pertaining to the forearm
    antibrachial
  45. referring to upper arm
    brachial
  46. referring to the ribs
    coastal
  47. pertaining to the neck area
    cervical
  48. refers to palm of the hand
    palmer
  49. Pertaining to the eye
    orbital
  50. pertaining to the calf area of the posterior lower leg
    calf
  51. posterior surface of the head
    occipital
  52. referring to the feet
    pedal
  53. posterior aspect of the knee
    popateel
  54. pertaining to the sole of the foot
    plantar
  55. referring to the shoulder blade area
    scapular
  56. pertaining to the area of the back between the ribs of the thorax and hips of the pelvis
    lumbar
  57. muscle-
    contraction causes movement
    smooth muscle
  58. muscle-
    visceral, forms walls of hollow organs
    smooth muscle
  59. muscle- consumes very little energy
    smooth muscle
  60. muscle-
    pointed on ends
    smooth muscle
  61. muscle-
    oval shaped nucleus
    smooth muscle
  62. muscle-
    y or h shaped
    Cardiac muscle
  63. muscle-
    contraction forces blood to move from chambers
    Cardiac muscle
  64. muscle-
    located in heart wall
    Cardiac muscle
  65. muscle-
    contains intercollated disks between each muscle cell
    Cardiac muscle
  66. muscle-
    multi nuclear
    skeletal muscle
  67. muscle-
    contraction causes bones to move
    skeletal muscle
  68. muscle-
    contains bands of red and white material
    skeletal muscle
  69. muscle -
    aka voluntary muscles
    skeletal muscles
  70. muscles-
    cigar-shaped cells
    skeletal muscles
  71. cavity-
    includes thoracic and abdominal cavities
    ventral cavity
  72. cavity-
    anterior
    ventral cavity
  73. cavity-
    contains heart, lungs, digestive, liver, stomach, spleen, small intestines
    ventral cavity
  74. cavity-
    contains cranial and spinal
    dorsal cavity
  75. cavity-
    contains the brain
    dorsal cavity
  76. cavity-
    posterior
    dorsal cavity
  77. tissue-
    lining of stomach
    epitheal
  78. tissue-
    lines urinary bladder
    epitheal
  79. tissue-
    lines internal and external organs of body
    epitheal
  80. tissue-
    contraction or elongation
    muscular tissue
  81. tissue-
    usually in bundles
    muscular tissue
  82. tissue-
    tendons and ligaments
    connective tissue
  83. tissue-
    blood, bone, adipose and facia
    connective tissue
  84. tissue-
    binds and connects
    connective tissue
  85. tissue -
    odd shaped, transmit signals
    nervous tissue
  86. tissue-
    excitability and conductability
    nervous tissue
  87. tissue-
    interprets information and responds
    nervous tissue
  88. tissue-
    forms brain and spinal cord
    nervous tissue
  89. tissue-
    provides higher mental functioning and responsiveness
    nervous tissue
  90. system-
    cleans lymph
    circulatory
  91. system-
    blood vessels
    circulatory system
  92. system- part of body's defense mechanism
    circulatory system
  93. system-
    transports gasses, food, hormones
    circulatory system
  94. system-
    brain
    nervous system
  95. system-
    receives and transmits impulses
    nervous system
  96. system- process food
    digestive
  97. system-
    to reproduce species
    reproductive system
  98. system-
    glands and hormones
    endocrine system
  99. system-
    respiratory
    trachia, bronchia, lungs
  100. system - skin
    integumentary
  101. system-
    contains bones and ligaments
    skeletal system
  102. system-
    houses blood formation
    skeletal system
  103. system-
    produces movement and maintains posture
    muscular system
  104. system-
    regulates fluid content of blood
    urinary system
  105. wrist is distal to elbow
  106. illium is lateral to umbilicus
  107. forehead is superior to the chin
  108. scalp is superficial to skull
  109. nose is medial to eyes
  110. heart is anterior to vertebral column

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