Topical Drops

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Author:
eagleeye
ID:
68167
Filename:
Topical Drops
Updated:
2011-02-27 20:15:26
Tags:
Drops Glaucoma
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Description:
Glaucoma
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  1. Xalatan
    • made by Phizer -gereric in March 2011
    • generic name Latanoprost 0.005%
    • 2.5ml bottle
    • Prostoglandin Analog
    • Enhances uveolscleral out flow
    • risk of macular edema
    • Turquoise Top
  2. Travatan Z
    • made by Alcon
    • generic name Travoprost 0.004%
    • 2.5ml and 5ml bottle
    • preservative with SofZIA
    • Prostoglandin Analog
    • risk of macular edema
    • Enhances uveolscleral out flow
    • Turquoise Cap
  3. Travatan
    • made by Alcon
    • generic name Travoprost 0.004%
    • 2.5ml and 5ml bottle
    • preservative with benzalkonium chloride (BAK)
    • Prostoglandin Analog
    • Enhances uveolscleral out flow
    • risk of macular edema
    • Turquoise Cap
  4. Lumigan
    • made by Allergan
    • gereric name Bimatropost 0.03% & 0.01%
    • Prostoglandin Analog
    • Enhances uveolscleral out flow
    • risk of macular edema
    • Turquoise Cap
  5. Akarpine
    Timpilo
    Salagen
    Several other names
    • Generic: Pilocarpine 1%, 2%, 4%
    • Parasympathomimetic Alkloid
    • Dose: 1-2-3-4 gtt daliy
    • For Acute Angle Closure Glaucoma, Open Angle Closure
    • non-selective muscarinic receptor agonist
    • Increases aqueous outflow by causing the ciliary muscle to contract causing tension on the scleara spur causing the trabecuclar meshwork to open Can cause sweating and salivation
    • Miotic
    • Green Cap
  6. Ak-beta
    • Generic: Levobunolol
    • Beta Blocker 0.25%, 0.5
    • Dose: 1or 2 gtt daily
    • Decreases aqueous production
    • avoid in Asthma and COPD, AV block heart disease, Thyroid, MG, Emphysema
    • Preg-category C
    • has yellow or blue bottle caps
  7. Alphagan P
    • Generic: Brimonidine (2%-discontinued), 1.5%, 1%
    • Alpha Adrenergic Receptor Agonist
    • reducing aqueous humor production and increasing uveoscleral outflow
    • Allergan
    • Avoid in patients taking MAO INHIBITORS -for mental depresion
    • Purple Top
  8. Iopidine
    • Generic: Apraclonidine HCL 0.5%
    • Alpha-Adrenergic Agonist
    • Reduction of Aqueous Formation?
    • Use after argon laser trabeculoplasty, argon laser iridotomy or Nd:YAG posterior capsulotomy
    • Made by Alcon
    • Purple Top
  9. Trusopt
    • Made by B&L, Falcon and others
    • Generic: Dorzolamide 2%
    • Carbonic Anhydrase II inhibitor
    • Decreases aqueous formation
    • Dose: TID
    • Contraindicated in patients with Sulfa Allergy
    • Orange Cap
  10. Azopt
    • Generic: Brinzolamide 1%Dose: TID
    • Carbonic Anhydrase II inhibitor
    • Decreases aqueous formation
    • Avoid in patients with sulfur reactions
    • can cause Stevens-Johnson Syndrome
    • Alcon makes
    • Orange Cap
  11. Beta Blockers
    • Side effects
    • Decresaed heart rate
    • Decresase blood pressure
    • Bronichial Asthma
    • Emphysema
    • DepressionFeeling Fatiged
    • COPD
    • Impotense
    • Altered Glucose Metabolism
    • Names for:
    • Betigan
    • Betamol
    • Timolol
    • Timoptic
    • Timoptic XE gel
    • Yellow and Blue Caps
  12. Betimol
    • Gereric: Timolol Hemihyprate 0.25%, 0.5%
    • Dose 1gtt BID
    • Green Cap
  13. Five Classes of Drugs for Treating Glaucoma
    • 1. Beta Blockers: reducing aqueous production
    • A.) non-selective (timolol, Levobunolol, Metipranolol, Carteolol)
    • B.) Beta 1 selective (Betaxol)
    • 2. Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
    • A. Dorzolamide (Trusopt)
    • B. Brinzolamide (Azopt)
    • 3. Alpha Agonists selective alpha 2 agonists
    • A. Apraclonidine (Iopidine) Alcon
    • B. Brimonidine (alphagan P) Allergan
    • 4. Miotics
    • A. Pilocarpine
    • B.Carbacho
    • 5. Prostoglandins
    • A. Xalatan (Latanaprost)
    • B. Lumigan (Bimatoprost)
    • C. Travatan (Travaprost)
  14. Betoptic S
    • Generic: Betaxolol HCL 0.25%, 0.5%
    • beta-adrenergic receptor inhibitor
    • Dose: BID
    • Safer for patients with heart disease
    • not produced generic yet Dec 2010
    • Is a suspension
    • Alcon
    • Yellow or Blue cap
  15. Betoptic
    • Betaxolol 0.25%, 0.5%
    • is a Solution
    • Dose: BID
    • Safer for patients with heart disease
    • Yellow or Blue Cap

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