Psychology test 2

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Psychology test 2
2011-02-22 20:08:13
Psychology test

Psychology test 2
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  1. Pheromones
    A chemical that trigers a response from the same spices.
  2. Smell
    Does not go thought the thalamus.
  3. Sensory adaption
    Occurs where the sensory receptors grow accustomed to constant, unchanging levels of stimuli- sight, sound, or smell.
  4. Cones
    are light-sensitive receptors cells that enable us to see color and fine detail in adequate light, but they do not function in very dim light.
  5. How many cones are in the eye?
    6 million
  6. Rods
    Are for seeing in very dim light. But do not detect color.
  7. How many rods are in the eye?
    120 million
  8. Fovea
    Is as small a period in a sentence, and provides the sharpest vision.
  9. Color Blindness
    an inability to distinguish certain colors from one another. About 7% of males have it and fewer than 1% of females.
  10. Kinesthetic sence
    provides information about the position of the body parts in relation to each other.
  11. Gestalt
    To the whole form, pattern, or configuration that a person perceives.
  12. Synesthesia
    To hear a color, or see a song- the capacity for responding to stimuli with both unusual perceptions and typical ones.
  13. Altered states of consciousness
    Changes in awareness produced by sleep, meditation,hypnosis, or drugs.
  14. Why is sleep important
    restoration of body and mind, helps with memory, and kids under 2 need to be in bed by 2-am because that when there growth hormones are released.
  15. Sleep cycles
    There are four stages of NREM sleep before a period of REM. this cycles last between 90-100 min and can happen 3-4 times a night.
  16. Sleep deprivation
    causes difficulty concentrating, lapses in attention, and general irritability also sleep loss is known to impair learning.
  17. Narcolepsy
    uncontrollable attacks of REM sleep
  18. Insomnia
    difficulty falling or staying asleep.
  19. Meditation
    is a group of techniques that involve focusing attention on an object, a word, ones breathing, or body movements in an effort to block out all distractions.
  20. Hypnosis
    the hypnotist uses the power of suggestion to induce changes in thoughts, feelings, sensations,perceptions, or behavior but the person that is hypnotized will not do anything that is contrary to there true moral beliefs.
  21. Psychoactive drugs
    is any substance that alters mood, perception, or thought.
  22. Withdrawal symptoms
    which are both physical and psychological, are usually the exact opposite of the effects produced by the drugs.
  23. What are the two main stimulants
    Caffeine and Nicotine
  24. Tranquilizers and alcohol are what type of drugs
  25. Alcohol Kills and injures how many people a year
    Kills 200,000 injures 1.5 million
  26. Flavor
    Is a combination of smell and taste with smell being the sense to produce flavor
  27. What sense converts energy twice
  28. Transductioin
    the sensory receptors grow convert the sensory stimulation into neural impulses, the electrochemical language of the brain.
  29. taste sensations
    sweet,sour,salty, and bitter
  30. Touch sensations
    Pleaser, pain, pressure, heat,cold,smooth, and texture
  31. Classical conditioning
    A type of learning through which an organism learns to associate one stimulus with another.
  32. What is an Unconditioned response(UR) to food
  33. What is an Unconditioned Stimulus(US) to eyeblink response.
    air in eye
  34. Operant conditioning
    The cat in the box- a type of learning in which the consequences of behavior are manipulated so as to increase or decrease the frequency of an existing response or shape an entirely new response
  35. Positive reinforcement
    an increase in behavior that results from any pleasant or desirable consequence that follows a response.ATM
  36. Negative reinforcement
    An increase in behavior that is brought about by the subtraction of something that is typically unpleasant.(take cough med to make coughing go away)
  37. Primary reinforcer
    Is a reinforcer that fulfills a basic physical need for survival and does not depend on learning. Food, water, sleep, sex
  38. Second reinforcer
    Is a reinforcer that is acquired or learned through association with other reinforcers. Money,praise,good grades, awards,applause,attention.
  39. Shaping
    Consist of gradually molding a desired behavior.
  40. Insight
    A sudden realization is solving a problem
  41. Observational learning
    learning by imitation, results when people observe the behavior of others.
  42. SID's
    Sudden death syndrome- have baby sleep on hard mattress and no fluffy things in there bed