US History 1501 Midterm

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US History 1501 Midterm
2011-02-22 22:35:15

History midterm flash cards
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  1. Covenant of Works
    • Opposite of covenant of grace
    • Elect people are going to be good because they are chosen by God
  2. Anne Hutchinson
    • Put on trial for witchcraft
    • Religious Dissenter
    • Having secret co-ed meetings in her house
    • Educating MEN
    • teaching the Bible as she saw it
    • accused of antinomianism - took covenant of Grace to the extreme - if you're elect, then you don't need to follow religious laws, you're going to heaven anyways
    • Dishonoring religious fathers - dishonor mother and father
  3. Heretic
    • Somebody who has commited heresay
    • Dissenters
    • Roger Williams, Anne Hutchinson
  4. Animism
    • Seen in NE tribes of Indians
    • Supernatural powers are interwoven into nature
    • If you kill too many, or take too much, the spirits will get angry and cause you harm
    • Very different from Christianity which believes that man is actually ABOVE nature
  5. Albany Conference
    • English see an opportunity to take over French territoy of Ohio Valley
    • 1754
    • Want to band together
    • first attempt at cooperation between colonies
    • act together in Albany
    • how to strengthen Indian relations, protect trade, and protect territory from French
    • Led to French Indian War
  6. "city upon a hill"
    • This phrase was said originally by John Winthrop, the leader and governor of the Massachusetts Bay Company in 1630
    • People must look up to them
    • Puritans had established a holy community free from decay and corruption
    • Christian model for the rest of the world
    • Root of American exceptionalism
  7. Tituba
    • West Indian Slave
    • Popular during the Salem Witch trials
    • She along with two other girls were accused of witchcraft
    • Dabble in fortune telling
    • The other girls denied, but Tituba confessed to witchcraft
  8. Congregationalist
    • Each congregation formed voluntary agreement
    • Important church matters were decided by male members
    • church membership is resitrcted
  9. Roger Williams
    • Violator of religious norms
    • 1631 in Mass
    • Thought that the state corrupted the church
    • church separate from state
    • worship as you please
    • Established and got a charter for Rhode Island
    • he declared there were no "elect" people
    • no definite church, dissenters and Jews welcome
  10. Jesuits
    • Fr. religious missions in 1620s
    • Catholic Indians would be more reliable allies
    • Fur traders opposed to this
    • Indians converted = stem growth of protestantism
    • Didn't see as racially, but culturally inferior
  11. Migration Theory
    • Saw old animals and speculated there was a land bridge
    • Cross-Bering Strait
    • Anthropoligical evidence shows stories of a long journey
  12. West Country Men
    • Sir Walter Raleigh and Sir Francis Drake
    • Famous promoters of American colonization
    • Colonization in America = imperial power
    • Advertized (Come with us to America!! Anyone can get rich in America!)
    • Economic downturn = push factor towards the colonies
    • Colonies provided work for idle poor - put them to work in America
  13. Roanoke
    • John White, sent by Raleigh, searched for Roanoake in 1590
    • Colony that had previously been founded
    • Indians remembered previous violence however
    • Therefore attacked and destroyed by Indians
    • White searched for colony
    • all he found was ruins and possessions scattered
    • tree trunk w/ "croatoan" carved into it
  14. Jonathan Edwards
    • Reverend
    • Complained that only the rich led the church
    • New rules that extend membership to the non-converted
    • Wealthy have better pews, and the poor are back in the gallows
    • J. Edwards attracted youth with his more emotional approach to preaching
    • Inspires modern idea of Evangelical
    • Came to colonies in 1739, 30,000 people came to see him
    • HUGE success in marketing
  15. Opechancanough
    • Secretly planned demise of English intruders
    • 1622, came and offered goods to English, then surprise attack!
    • Killed people of both genders
  16. Virginia Company
    • Originally The London Compny
    • Failed miserably
    • Got charter revoked
  17. "middle ground"
    • Relationship between French authority and Indian authority
    • Fr. saw Indians as children needing to be taught
    • Fr. saw their King and officials as "fathers" to the Indians
    • Indians accepted, but understood differently
    • Fathers are kinda non-existent and not authority figures in Indian culture
    • "Fathers" were weak and kind
  18. Pueblo Revolt of 1680
    • Spanish forced unity by making everyone learn spanish
    • Pope - leader, saw an opportunity and took it
    • organized a MAJOR revolt
    • Knotted cord passed from village to village is how they communicated
    • August 1680, they attack, kill 200 spanish and 21 spanish priests
    • Infighting came back between Indians, so they results didn't last long
  19. Pequot War
    • 1637, First Major conflict
    • Eng. tried to expand authority in Mystic River Valley in CT
    • Demanded heavy tributes from Pequots
    • Demanded surrender of suspects accused of killing traders
    • Pequots won't get fair trial
    • Pequots say NO
    • CT, Plym + MA declare war
    • Get other Indians to lead them to the Pequots
    • Surprise attack, kill 400, mostly women and children
    • against indian tradition of capturing women and child.
  20. King Philip's War
    • Bloodiest conflict between Indians and Colonists
    • 1675
    • 3 Wampanogs were arrested and killed by Plymouth magistrate for killing Christian Indians
    • Indian leader Metacomet (King Philip) and Narragansetts aligned
    • Did well until Great Swamp fight
    • -Army defeated large portion of Indian force
    • Metacomet tried to get help from Iroquois
    • Still defeated
    • After huge defeats, finally ended the war
    • One of society's worst war
  21. Pontiac's Rebellion
    • Indian Confederacy formed to combat white encroachment after Fr. Indian War
    • Indians attack 8 British forts
    • torture on both sides
    • ended with most indians suing for peace
    • ended up getting their own reservations out west