Battle of Boyne
The 2 kings met at the Boyne, where James had drawn up his Irish and French troops on the southern bank. William had the largest army - about 36,000, as compared with James's 25,000. William's troops included Dutch, Danes, Germans and Huguenots, as well as British. He was not a great general, but showed himself a brave and reckless soldier. The day before the battle he was wounded by an Irish shot, and reports of his death got as far as Paris. It was only a flesh wound, and with the phlegmatic remark 'it's well it came no nearer' he resumed his reconnoitering. The battle rook place on July 1 by the old calendar (July 12 new style), and its center was the ford at Oldbridge. There was sharp fighting at eh rover crossing, and William at the head of the Inniskillingers had a difficult passage. The Irish cavalry fought well, but at the end of the day James had fled, his army was in full retreat, and William was clearly the winner. In a military sense it was not a decisive victory; the Irish losses were small and their army lived to fight another day. But it was reported all over Europe, and it and a great psychological effect. Dublin and eastern Ireland fell to William, and the Jacobites made a disordered retreat to the Shannon. William thought that all resistance was over, and demanded unconditional surrender. Tyrconnell and the French took much the same view of the situation.