Physical Science Ch. 17

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Physical Science Ch. 17
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2011-02-23 12:55:27
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Physical Science Ch. 17
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  1. The abbreviation of an element

    A. atomic symbol
    B. proton
    C. quark
    atomic symbol
  2. Smallest piece of matter that still has the properties of the element

    A. quark
    B. atom
    C. proton
    atom
  3. Center of the atom
    nucleus
  4. Positively charged particle in the nucleus

    A. electron
    B. neutron
    C. proton
    proton
  5. Negatively charged particle outside of the nucleus

    A. electron
    B. neutron
    C. proton
    electron
  6. Particles without any charge in the nucleus

    A. electron
    B. neutron
    C. proton
    neutron
  7. Particles found in the nucleus of an atom
    neutrons and protons
  8. The region contatining electrons outside the nucleus
    electron cloud
  9. Smaller particles that make up protons and neutrons

    A. proton
    B. quarks
    C. nucleus
    quarks
  10. Sixth quark that was the last and hardest quark found

    A. top quark
    B. Tevatron
    C. electron
    top quark
  11. Quarks can be produced by bombarding _____________ with protons.

    A. protons
    B. electrons
    C. neutrons
    protons
  12. Shows electrons traveling in specific energy levels around the nucleus of protons and neutrons
    Electron cloud model
  13. 1st level of electron cloud

    A. 8 electrons
    B. 2 electrons
    C. 18 electrons
    2 electrons
  14. 2nd level of electron cloud

    A. 8 electrons
    B. 2 electrons
    C. 18 electrons
    8 electrons
  15. 3rd level of electron cloud

    A. 8 electrons
    B. 2 electrons
    C. 18 electrons
    18 electrons
  16. The mass of an atom

    A. mass number
    B. atomic mass
    C. atomic number
    atomic mass
  17. Unit of measurement for atomic particles

    A. atomic mass unit (amu)
    B. watts
    atomic mass unit (amu)
  18. Number of protons in an atom

    A. mass number
    B. atomic mass
    C. atomic number
    atomic number
  19. The sum of the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atom

    A. mass number
    B. atomic mass
    C. atomic number
    mass number
  20. Atoms of the same element with different number of neutrons

    A. quarks
    B. isotopes
    C. elements
    isotopes
  21. Carbon-12 Carbon-14

    Same number of protons - different number of ___________
    neutrons
  22. The weighted average mass of all known isotopes of an element

    A. average atomic mass
    B. mass number
    C. atomic number
    average atomic mass
  23. Orderly arrangement of elements
    periodic table
  24. First periodic table created by Mendeleev was in order of increasing

    A. atomic number
    B. mass
    mass
  25. Modern periodic table created by Moseley is in order of increasing

    A. atomic number
    B. mass
    atomic number
  26. The vertical columns in the periodic table made of elements with similar properties

    A. groups
    B. periods
    groups
  27. The identity of an element is determined by the number of _________.

    A. protons
    B. electrons
    C. neutrons
    protons
  28. The horizontal rows of elements in the periodic table

    A. groups
    B. periods
    periods
  29. Elements on the left side of the stair step line

    A. nonmetals
    B. metalloids
    C. metals
    metals
  30. Elements on the right side of the periodic table

    A. nonmetals
    B. metalloids
    C. metals
    nonmetals
  31. Elements that have 3 or fewer electrons in the outer energy level are classified as ________.

    A. metals
    B. nonmetals
    metals
  32. Elements along the stairstep line of the periodic table

    A. nonmetals
    B. metalloids
    C. metals
    metalloids
  33. Elements that have metallic properties

    A. nonmetals
    B. metalloids
    C. metals
    metals
  34. Elements that have nonmetallic properties

    A. nonmetals
    B. metalloids
    C. metals
  35. nonmetals
  36. Elements that have properties of both metals and nonmetals

    A. nonmetals
    B. metalloids
    C. metals
    metalloids
  37. Drawn representation of an element that tells you the number of valence electrons and its symbol
    Electron dot diagram
  38. The mass of a _____________ is about equal to the mass of a proton

    A. proton
    B. neutron
    C. electron
    neutron
  39. Al is the symbol for
    Aluminum
  40. C is the symbol for
    Carbon
  41. Na is the symbol for
    Sodium
  42. O is the symbol for
    Oxygen
  43. H is the symbol for
    hydrogen
  44. Cl is the symbol for
    Chlorine
  45. Ca is the symbol for
    Calcium
  46. Fe is the symbol for
    iron
  47. Poor conductors of heat and electicity

    A. metals
    B. nonmetals
    nonmetals
  48. Seven electrons in the outer energy level is characteristic of a

    A. metal
    B. nonmetal
    nonmetal
  49. The atomic masses of the elements are decimal numbers because of the existence of ________.

    A. quarks
    B. protons
    C. isotopes
    isotopes
  50. As you move from left to right in a row of the periodic table, metallic properties

    A. increase
    B. decrease
    decrease
  51. Dot diagrams are used to represent
    outer ___________

    A. protons
    B. electrons
    C. neutrons
    electrons
  52. A certain atom has 15 protons, 15 electrons, and 12 neutrons, its mass number is _____________
    27
  53. The _____________ is used to accelerate protons in the study of subatomic particles.

    A. top quark
    B. termanite
    C. Tevatron
    Tevatron
  54. Elements in groups 3 through 12 are called _________

    A. transition elements
    B. metalloids
    C. noble gases
    transition elements
  55. A chemical symbol represents the _______ of an element.

    A. atomic number
    B. name
    C. state of matter
    name

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