Pharm Chap 12
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Used to produce loss of sensation in a specific body part or region.
Local anesthetics are identified by what suffix?
Name (3) local anesthetics
- Bupivacaine (Marcaine)
- Lidocaine (Xylocaine)
- Procaine (Novocain)
First clinically used local anesthetic
Applied directly to the surface of the skin, mucous membranes etc
applied to the surface of the skin with the intent to absorb into the underlying tissues.
Injected direcly into the selected tisue to diffuse sensory nerve endings within that tissue
Injected close to the nerve trunk
Interrupts transmission along the peripheral nerve
Peripheral nerve block
name (3) types of neural blockades
- epidural block
- cuadal block
- spinal block (intrathecal anesthesia)
injected b/w vertebral column and dura mater (epidural space)
injected into the lumbar epidural space via sacral hiatus
- (intrathecal anesthesia)
- Injected b/w arachnoid mater and pia mater. (subarachnoid space)
this block is used in CRPS.
- Sympathetic block.
- stellate ganglion for UE
- L2 sympathetic ganglion for LE
- *5 injections on alternate days
Intravenous regional anesthesia
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