foot and ankle
Card Set Information
foot and ankle
injury prevention care
what type of joint is talocrural joint and what are its movements?
what type of joint is subtalar joint and what are its movements?
inversion , eversion
inversion of heel
eversion of heel
distal head of metatarsals
across cuboid and cuneiforms
medial longitudinal arches
calcaneus to distal head of 1st metatarsal
lateral longitudinal arches
calcaneus to distal head of 5th metatarsal
1st degree sprain
mild stretching of ligament
ROM almost normal
2nd degree sprain
moderate tearing of ligament
tender over affected ligament
: PIER, crutches, aircast REFERRAL
3rd degree sprain
complete ligament rupture
: PIER, REFERRAL, brace, aircast, crutches, surgery?
1st degree strain
pain at end of ROM
participation= judgement call
2nd degree strain
strength is decreased
participation= not reccommended
: PIER, REFERRAL, crutches
3rd degree starin
: movement not created by involved muscle
participation= definately not reccommended
Rx; PIER, REFERRAL, immobalize, surgery
what is location of bursitis
what are signs of bursitis and how to protect it?
red tender unable to wear footwear
sofeten or change fotowear elevate heal
whatare signs and symptoms of contusions and how can you react?
pain weakness, hematoma, edema
react by PIER
what would be MOI for torn peroneal retinaculum?
direct blow, inversion sprasin, forceful dorsiflexion
what are signs and symptoms of torn retinaculum and how can you react to this?
snapping sensation, pain, anke instability, discoloration, edema
can use PIER, balance training
what is neuroma?
thickening or nerve tissue
what are signs and symptoms of neuroma and how can you react to this?
tingling, numbness, pain in foot
can react by PIER, padding, orthotics, change footwear
explain the pain grade( steps I-IV)
I-occurs after activity
II-occurs befroe and after activity but doesnt affect perfformance
III- II, but does affect performance
IV-severe pain, activity impossible
medial tibial stress syndrome
feel like falling
interosseous membrane irritation
what is MOI of medial tibial stress syndrome, what are signs how can it be treated?
MOI:weakness, imbalance, type of shoes, body weight
: inflammation, small hematoms, weakness
: PIER,stretch, activity modification,ortthotics
what is compartment compression syndrome and what is MOI?
increase in tissue fluid pressure alters the circulation and finction of tissue within that compartment
acute, chronic, recurrent
: mild trauma with bleeding, exercise
what is MOI of acute CCS?
compression of nerves, muscle and vascular tissues
too much too soon
MOI of tendinopathy
• Tension applied quickly
• Tension applied obliquely
• Tension applied prior to blunt trauma
• Maximal contractions
• Forced dorsiflexion
inflammation of a tendon
degeneration of tendon sturcture
inflammation b/w peritendon sheath and tendon
acute- hyperextension to mp joint
chronic- pronation, microtrauma to spring ligament
sudden pain, lower 1/3 tibia
xray positive 2 weeks later