Feb7AP2April

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harstanner
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Feb7AP2April
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2011-02-23 23:15:56
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AP2Feb 7 April
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  1. Hormones that stimulate egg development
    stimulating hormone or FSH
  2. A term that refers to the type of hormone that stimulate the release of other hormones
    Tropic
  3. Growth hormones stimulate the liver to release hormones
    IGF1 (that have similar but long lasting affect)
  4. Hormones stored in the posterior pituitary that helps prevent dehydration
    antidiuretics or vasopressin
  5. Hormones that are produced by the adrenal gland that changes into testosterone
    DHEA
  6. Adrenaline is also called
    Epinephrine
  7. A hormone produced by the pineal gland that are mood enhancing
    Serotonin
  8. What hormone is secreted by the Sustentacular cells of the testes
    Inhibins
  9. The active form of vitamin D is called
    Calcitriol
  10. The seminiferous tubules produce what
    Sperm
  11. What hormone is stimulated to allow milk to flow to the nipple
    Oxytocin
  12. A hormone produced by the adrenal gland that acts on the kidneys to retain sodium and water
    Aldosterone
  13. Which is not true of insulin?
    a. It is secreted by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhorn cells
    b. It stimulates muscles and adipose tissue to store glycogen and fat
    c. It promotes the liver synthesis of glycogen
    d. It increases the effect of the hormone glucagon
    Answer: D – it suppresses the hormone glucagon
  14. Which hormone wouldn’t have any effect in preventing
    osteoporosis?
    a. Growth Hormone
    b. Estrogen
    c. Calcitonin
    d. Aldosterone
    Answer: D aldosterone helps retain sodium and water
  15. Which is not a substance released by the pancreas
    A. Pancreatin
    B. Protease
    C. Glucagon
    D. Somastatin
    A. Pancreatin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which is the inner layer of the adrenal gland that produces steroidal hormones?
    A. Zona Reticularis
    B. Zona Fasciculata
    C. Zona Glomerulosa
    D. Zona Intersanctium
    A. Zona Reticularis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. True or False
    Erythropoietin is produce by both the kidneys and the
    adrenal glands
    Answer: False produce by the kidneys and the liver
  18. True or False
    A description of a hormones permissive effect would be that one hormone would increase the target cell response to a second hormone
    Answer: True
  19. True or False
    SAID drugs have similar effect on a inflammatory response as the hormones secreted by the Zona Fasciculata of the adrenal gland
    Answer: True
  20. True or False
    Taking hormones will cause a down regulation of hormones produced by the body
    Answer: True
  21. is involved in lots of things; respiration, nutrition, waste removal, water balance, pH balance, internal communication, immune defense, and thermal regulation. It has two main components; Plasma / Serum and Formed Elements
    Blood
  22. is a clear extracellular fluid with electrolytes
    Plasma
  23. is basically plasma without the clotting proteins
    Serum
  24. are basically blood cells and platelets (erythrocytes and leukocytes)
    Formed Elements
  25. is the percentage of red blood cells to the total volume of blood. This is determined by centrifuge that will separate particles. Red blood cells go to the bottom and are normally about 45%
    Hematocrit
  26. is the 2nd layer in the centrifuge and is such a thin layer (less than 1%)
    Buffy Coat
  27. is on top totaling 55%. Blood has viscosity (or thickness) to it with a normal range is 4.5 – 5.5. Viscosity basically measures cohesive factor or power. The lower the number the thinner it is.
    Plasma
  28. is the total number of dissolved solutes in the blood. This is important because it increases the rate of water pulled in by the interstitial tissues (between the cells). When vs. tissue where it is greater, water is going to flow into the circulatory system. The higher in the tissue would pull water in other direction causing edema or swelling in the tissues
    Blood Osmolarity
  29. of the blood is mostly controlled by proteins in the blood, red blood cells and sodium. The contributions of proteins to the blood osmotic pressure are called colloid osmotic pressure. It refers to the pressure created by the proteins that are in the blood. Things that can affect protein concentration in the blood would be liver disease, kidney disease, or severe burns
    Osmolarity
  30. will oft time cause pools of fluid to accumulate in the abdominal cavity which is referred to as acsities
    Severe Burns
  31. is not getting enough protein in their diet causing swollen abdomen and skinny arms and legs
    Kwashiorkor
  32. There are 3 types of globulins floating in the blood;
    alpha, beta and gamma globulins
  33. are tissues that produce blood are referred to as
    Hemopoietic
  34. is referred to the production of formed elements (RBC, WBC, and Platelets).
    Haematopoieses
  35. Most formed elements are produced by the _______________, which is red bone marrow
    Myeloid Tissue
  36. Most formed elements are produced by the myeloid tissue which is red bone marrow. This process begins with stem cells called _____________. They are capable of becoming multiple cells because they are stem cells
    Hemocytoblasts
  37. refers to red blood cell production and your body produces about 2.5 million every second of every day of your life
    Erthropoiesis
  38. is oxygen storage molecules that are made inside the muscle cells to help us store oxygen
    Myoglobin
  39. in blood transports oxygen, iron is a critical part of this molecule.
    Hemoglobin
  40. or WBC production is referred to as Leukopoiesis
    Leukocytes
  41. is white blood cell production that is mostly produced in the red bone marrow. Some will mature there but the rest will go to the thymas gland and mature there. Once matured they migrate to the spleen and lymph nodes from here are distributed to lymph tissue
    Leukopoiesis
  42. is platelet production
    Thrombopoysis
  43. have 2 main functions; transport oxygen and carry carbon dioxide the opposite direction. They lack mitochondria which is responsible for the cell respiration. They have to use up anaerobic fermentation for their energy
    Erythrocytes
  44. megakaryoblast replicates its DNA over and over again without cell division and it becomes a giant cell called a
    Megakaryocyte
  45. Megakarocytes explodes basically like a blown up balloon until it pops, exploding into these fragments called __________________. They floating around in the blood and about 1/3 of them are stored in the spleen and released when needed
    Functional Platelets
  46. would be a deficiency of RBC. Problems with would be hypoxia (low oxygen), decrease blood osmolarity would go down causing anemia, and blood viscosity to the point that it could actually cause cardiac failure
    Anemia
  47. is oxygen deprivation (or lack of)
    Hypoxia
  48. has to do with your genetic code. Genes within your DNA will code a cell marker to your red blood cells. 3 common aliases of blood types would be ABO’s. The type of marker that is on the outside of the blood cells are actually a sugar type molecule. The type of sugar that is added is galactose
    Blood Typing
  49. causes the blood cells to become very sticky and because they are sticking they are not getting into the capillaries leaving the cells without oxygen. Hypoxia will begin to occur, maybe even clots. If not fixed quickly then death could occur
    Glutination
  50. The universal donor
    O negative
  51. Universal recipient
    AB positive

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