MOD A UNIT 2 THEORY

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Author:
jmejamison
ID:
68716
Filename:
MOD A UNIT 2 THEORY
Updated:
2011-03-04 13:52:22
Tags:
EYES EARS MED HX
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Description:
EYES/EARS & MED HX
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  1. Receptors of color in the eye?
    Cones
  2. Transparent and anterior portion of the sclera?
    Cornea
  3. Innermost layer containing the cones, rods, and blood vessels?
    Retina
  4. Receptors for black/white vision and peripheral vision?
    Rods
  5. The white area of the eye; tough outter layer?
    Sclera
  6. External portion of the ear (flap)?
    Pinna (auricle)
  7. Structure that transmits sound waves to the ossicles of the middle ear?
    Tympanc membrane (eardrum)
  8. Small bones in the middle ear?
    Ossicles
  9. Name the 3 ossicle bones in the middle ear.
    • Malleus
    • Incus
    • Stapes
  10. Bones and membranes of the inner ear that contain receptors for sound waves and maintain balance (equilibrium)?
    Labyrinth
  11. Inner ear structures that control equilibrium and detect and detect motion?
    Semicircular canals
  12. What is needed to maintain homeostasis, protects the body from harm, and conducts pleasure or pain?
    Senses
  13. The 4 different kinds of taste buds and where they are located on the tongue?
    • Sweet- at the tip
    • Sour- on both sides
    • Satly- both sides toward the tip
    • Bitter- in the back
  14. List the 4 general sensations?
    • Pain (damaged tissue)
    • Touch/Pressure (pressure/vibration)
    • Tempature (hot and cold detection)
    • Proprioception (receptors in the muscles/joints- sense of position)
  15. Olfactory nerves control which sense?
    Smell
  16. T/F Olfactory nerves become less sensitive after detecting the same odor over time?
    True
  17. The radial muscle opening in the center of the iris is called what?
    Pupil
  18. What part of the eye contains the eye color?
    Iris
  19. What contains the ciliary muscle that controls the shape or curvature of the lens and allows for near and far vision?
    Ciliary body
  20. The posterior chamber directly behind the lens is filled with a clear, jelly-like substance that maintains the shape of the eye and gives the retina support- What is the substance called?
    Vitreous humor
  21. When the aqueous humor does not drain properly, and intraocular pressure increases and compresses choroid layer, diminishing blood supply to the retina is a sign of what disease?
    Glaucoma
  22. What occurs when light rays focus in fron of the retina?
    Myopia (nearsightedness)
  23. The reason the patient wants to see the doctor is known as the? And should be recorded how?
    The chief complaint (CC) and should be recorded in the patients own words.
  24. Symptoms that connot be measure or seen or changes that patient experiences are known as?
    Subjective information
  25. Symptoms that can be measured or observed are known as?
    Objective information
  26. The CC, Family Hx, and Social Hx are examples of what kind of information?
    Subjective information
  27. A methotical, step-by-step review of each body system, past and present, is known as what?
    ROS (review of systems)
  28. A review of systems is an example of which kind of information?
    Objective information
  29. What provides and expansion of the CC?
    Present illness
  30. T/F: Insurance data is NOT apart of subjective/ objective/ or health hx?
    True
  31. What must the patient sign for their physician to obtain medical records from a past physician?
    Release of Information
  32. What type of questions should the MA ask the patient that require a more extensive answer?
    Open-ended questions
  33. When charting the patient's CC, requesting details, such as what will help with a more details CC description?
    Intensity and Duration
  34. The physician examines the inside of the eye with what?
    Ophthalmoscope

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