Cell Resp Test.txt
Card Set Information
Cell Resp Test.txt
yeast use this process to convert pyruvic acid to ethyl alcohol and carbon dioxide
three-carbon product of glycolysis
two-carbon molecule used in Kreb's Cycle
process that produces large amounts of ATP
Does not require oxygen
reduced electron carrier formed in glycolysis
four-carbon molecule that combines with acetyl CoA
six-carbon molecule in the Kreb's Cycle
electron carrier molecule that is oxidized when G3P is reduced
the process in which cells make ATP by breaking down organic compounds
the space inside the inner membrane of a mitochondrion
electron carrier molecule similar to NAD+
pathway in which two molecules of pyruvic acid are produced
pathway that breaks down acetyl CoA, producing carbon dioxide, hydrogen atoms, and ATP
the recycling of NAD+ under anaerobic conditions
unit of energy
Which organic energy storing compounds are similar in that both accept electrons during redox reactions
which two processes keep the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere stable?
photosynthesis and cellular respiration
Which process REMOVES carbon dioxide from the atmosphere?
Which process ADDS carbon dioxide from the atmosphere?
Which part of photosynthesis is oxygen produced?
When water splits at photosystem II in the light reaction
Which part of cellular respiration is oxygen comsumed?
Electron Transport Chain - oxygen is final electron acceptor
In step one of glycolysis, what is taken from what to convert glucose to a new six carbon compound?
phosphates from 2 ATP
Because the new six carbon compound in step 2 of glycolysis is unstable, what happens?
it separates into two molecules of G3P
In step 3 of glycolysis, the two molecules of G3P gain what?
a phosphate group each
In step four of glycolysis, phosphates from the three carbon compounds are removed to create
Pyruvic acid and 4 ATP
What do glyco- and -lysis mean?
Where does glycolysis occur?
The final electron acceptor is...
What is the enzyme that performs chemiosmosis?
The efficiency of glycolysis is..
The efficiecny of Aerobic Repiration is..
4 ATP and 2 NADH
The NET GAIN of glycolysis is
2 ATP and 2 NADH
What is released during the Krebs Cycle?
What is produced during the Krebs Cycle?
3 NADH, 1 FADH2, 1 GTP
How many turns of the Krebs Cycle uses up one glucose?
The electron transport chain occurs where?
the inner membrane
What are the two types of Fermentation?
Alcoholic and Lactic Acid
what regenerates during fermentation?
What process is important to the baking and brewing industries?
What is the historical importance of fermentation?
preserving crops and turning something perishable into something no perishable - gave it economic value - ex. beer, wine
How can you make your body more efficient?
by doing more aerobic exercise to keep aerobic respiration going since it is more efficient and supplies more energy