Cell Resp Test.txt

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Cell Resp Test.txt
2011-02-24 20:29:34

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  1. yeast use this process to convert pyruvic acid to ethyl alcohol and carbon dioxide
    alcoholic fermentation
  2. three-carbon product of glycolysis
    pyruvic acid
  3. two-carbon molecule used in Kreb's Cycle
    acetyl CoA
  4. process that produces large amounts of ATP
    Aerobic respiration
  5. Does not require oxygen
  6. reduced electron carrier formed in glycolysis
  7. four-carbon molecule that combines with acetyl CoA
    oxaloacetic acid
  8. six-carbon molecule in the Kreb's Cycle
    citric acid
  9. electron carrier molecule that is oxidized when G3P is reduced
  10. the process in which cells make ATP by breaking down organic compounds
    cellular respiration
  11. the space inside the inner membrane of a mitochondrion
    mitochondrial matrix
  12. electron carrier molecule similar to NAD+
  13. pathway in which two molecules of pyruvic acid are produced
  14. pathway that breaks down acetyl CoA, producing carbon dioxide, hydrogen atoms, and ATP
    Krebs Cycle
  15. the recycling of NAD+ under anaerobic conditions
  16. unit of energy
  17. Which organic energy storing compounds are similar in that both accept electrons during redox reactions
  18. which two processes keep the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere stable?
    photosynthesis and cellular respiration
  19. Which process REMOVES carbon dioxide from the atmosphere?
  20. Which process ADDS carbon dioxide from the atmosphere?
    Cellular respiration
  21. Which part of photosynthesis is oxygen produced?
    When water splits at photosystem II in the light reaction
  22. Which part of cellular respiration is oxygen comsumed?
    Electron Transport Chain - oxygen is final electron acceptor
  23. In step one of glycolysis, what is taken from what to convert glucose to a new six carbon compound?
    phosphates from 2 ATP
  24. Because the new six carbon compound in step 2 of glycolysis is unstable, what happens?
    it separates into two molecules of G3P
  25. In step 3 of glycolysis, the two molecules of G3P gain what?
    a phosphate group each
  26. In step four of glycolysis, phosphates from the three carbon compounds are removed to create
    Pyruvic acid and 4 ATP
  27. What do glyco- and -lysis mean?
    sugar-sweet;break apart
  28. Where does glycolysis occur?
  29. The final electron acceptor is...
  30. What is the enzyme that performs chemiosmosis?
    ATP synthase
  31. The efficiency of glycolysis is..
  32. The efficiecny of Aerobic Repiration is..
  33. Glycolysis creates
    4 ATP and 2 NADH
  34. The NET GAIN of glycolysis is
    2 ATP and 2 NADH
  35. What is released during the Krebs Cycle?
    carbon dioxide
  36. What is produced during the Krebs Cycle?
    3 NADH, 1 FADH2, 1 GTP
  37. How many turns of the Krebs Cycle uses up one glucose?
  38. The electron transport chain occurs where?
    the inner membrane
  39. What are the two types of Fermentation?
    Alcoholic and Lactic Acid
  40. what regenerates during fermentation?
  41. What process is important to the baking and brewing industries?
    alcholic fermentation
  42. What is the historical importance of fermentation?
    preserving crops and turning something perishable into something no perishable - gave it economic value - ex. beer, wine
  43. How can you make your body more efficient?
    by doing more aerobic exercise to keep aerobic respiration going since it is more efficient and supplies more energy