Med Admin

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Author:
Fontana02
ID:
69000
Filename:
Med Admin
Updated:
2011-02-27 18:22:46
Tags:
Nursing
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Description:
Nursing Chapter 28
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  1. Define Absorption:
    Is the proces by which medications enters the bloodstream.
  2. Define Adverse Drug Event
  3. Define Adverse effect
    • Is any effect other than the therapeutic effect.
    • (ie. severe hypotention when an antihypertensive agent is administered.)
  4. Define Anaphylactic Reaction:
    • A severe allergic rx that requires immediate medical intervention because it can be fatal.
    • (symptoms: wheezing, dyspnea, angioedema of tongue or oropharynx, hypotension & tachycarda)
  5. Define Antagonism:
    A medication interaction that occurs when a medicaiton effects are decreased by the concurrent presense of other medications or food.
  6. What are Botanicals
    • Natural remedies that lack standards and regulation.
    • Potency of botancial can vary depending on how it was prepared and the particular plant source used.
    • St Johns Wort - Mild depression
    • Echinacea - mild antibiotic
    • Ginko biloba - blood circulation, cognitive function.
  7. Define Buccal
    • The route involves placing medication underneath the upper lip or in the side of the mouth.
    • Medication should not be chewed or swallowed or placed under the tongue.
  8. Define controlled substance:
    Are drugs that are considered to have either limited medical use or high potential for abuse or addition.
  9. Define Distribution
    • The process by which medication is delivered to the target cells and tissues.
    • The effectiveness of the circulatory system, the amount of medication bound to protein, and the tissue specificity of the drug affect distribution.
  10. Define Drug
    Any substance that alters physiologic function, with the potential for affecting health (postively or negatively).
  11. Define excretion:
    • The process of removing the drug or the metabolites from the body.
    • Kidneys excrete most drug metabolites.
    • Some excretion from the lungs and intestines.
  12. Define Herbal Medications
    • Plant species with medicinal properties used to treat illness and disease.
    • Herbal preparations are classified as dietary supplements.
    • Herbal medications lack standards and regulations.
    • Potency can depen on how it was prepared and the particular plant source used.
  13. Define Intradermal
    • Parental Route involving adminstration of a medication into the dermis located just beneath the skin surface by injection or infusion.
    • (use: allergy test, tst)
  14. Define Intramuscular
    • Parental Route involving administration of a medication into the muscle layer beneath the dermis and subcutaneous tissue by injection or infusion.
    • (use: antibiotics, antiemetics, opiates and vaccines-slow absorption)
  15. Define Intravenous
    • Given by way of catheters inserted into veins.
    • (use: antibiotics, opiate analgesics, antiarrhythmics and antiulcer medications)
  16. Define medication
    A drug administered for its therapeutic effects.
  17. Define Medication Reconciliation (verification)
    A very important safety procedure during client handoffs between healthcare providers or agencies.
  18. Define Metabolism
    • The process of chemically changing the drug in the body.
    • Mainly takes place in the liver.
  19. Define parenteral
    • Parenteral route refers to medications that are given by injection or infusion.
    • (routes include ID, SC, IM, IV)
  20. Define Pharmodynamics
    Refers to the physiologic and biochemical effects of a drug on the body.
  21. Define Pharmacokinetics
    The process by which a drug moves through the body and is eventually eliminated.
  22. Define Prescriptions:
    A legal order for the preparation and administration of a medication
  23. Define Subcutaneous
    • Injections are given into the SC tissue, the layer of fat located below the dermis and above the muscle tissue.
    • (Heperan, low molecular weight heparin and insulin sc adminstered medications)
  24. Define sublingual
    • Tablet placed under the tongue and allowed to dissolve.
    • Not to be swallowed.
  25. Define Synergism
    An increase of drug effects when a medication's effects are altered by the concurrent presence of of other medications of food
  26. Define Therapeutic Effect
    A medication's desired and intentional effects
  27. Define Transdermal
    • Medications designed to be absorbed through the skin for systemic effects.
    • (use: Nitroglycerin and Nicotine patches)
  28. Define Unit Dose:
    System involves the pharmacy or manufacturer in prepackaging and prelabeling an individual client dose.

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