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Is the proces by which medications enters the bloodstream.
Define Adverse Drug Event
Define Adverse effect
- Is any effect other than the therapeutic effect.
- (ie. severe hypotention when an antihypertensive agent is administered.)
Define Anaphylactic Reaction:
- A severe allergic rx that requires immediate medical intervention because it can be fatal.
- (symptoms: wheezing, dyspnea, angioedema of tongue or oropharynx, hypotension & tachycarda)
A medication interaction that occurs when a medicaiton effects are decreased by the concurrent presense of other medications or food.
What are Botanicals
- Natural remedies that lack standards and regulation.
- Potency of botancial can vary depending on how it was prepared and the particular plant source used.
- St Johns Wort - Mild depression
- Echinacea - mild antibiotic
- Ginko biloba - blood circulation, cognitive function.
- The route involves placing medication underneath the upper lip or in the side of the mouth.
- Medication should not be chewed or swallowed or placed under the tongue.
Define controlled substance:
Are drugs that are considered to have either limited medical use or high potential for abuse or addition.
- The process by which medication is delivered to the target cells and tissues.
- The effectiveness of the circulatory system, the amount of medication bound to protein, and the tissue specificity of the drug affect distribution.
Any substance that alters physiologic function, with the potential for affecting health (postively or negatively).
- The process of removing the drug or the metabolites from the body.
- Kidneys excrete most drug metabolites.
- Some excretion from the lungs and intestines.
Define Herbal Medications
- Plant species with medicinal properties used to treat illness and disease.
- Herbal preparations are classified as dietary supplements.
- Herbal medications lack standards and regulations.
- Potency can depen on how it was prepared and the particular plant source used.
- Parental Route involving adminstration of a medication into the dermis located just beneath the skin surface by injection or infusion.
- (use: allergy test, tst)
- Parental Route involving administration of a medication into the muscle layer beneath the dermis and subcutaneous tissue by injection or infusion.
- (use: antibiotics, antiemetics, opiates and vaccines-slow absorption)
- Given by way of catheters inserted into veins.
- (use: antibiotics, opiate analgesics, antiarrhythmics and antiulcer medications)
A drug administered for its therapeutic effects.
Define Medication Reconciliation (verification)
A very important safety procedure during client handoffs between healthcare providers or agencies.
- The process of chemically changing the drug in the body.
- Mainly takes place in the liver.
- Parenteral route refers to medications that are given by injection or infusion.
- (routes include ID, SC, IM, IV)
Refers to the physiologic and biochemical effects of a drug on the body.
The process by which a drug moves through the body and is eventually eliminated.
A legal order for the preparation and administration of a medication
- Injections are given into the SC tissue, the layer of fat located below the dermis and above the muscle tissue.
- (Heperan, low molecular weight heparin and insulin sc adminstered medications)
- Tablet placed under the tongue and allowed to dissolve.
- Not to be swallowed.
An increase of drug effects when a medication's effects are altered by the concurrent presence of of other medications of food
Define Therapeutic Effect
A medication's desired and intentional effects
- Medications designed to be absorbed through the skin for systemic effects.
- (use: Nitroglycerin and Nicotine patches)
Define Unit Dose:
System involves the pharmacy or manufacturer in prepackaging and prelabeling an individual client dose.