Test 4: Neuro

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Author:
kathleenagrace
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69191
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Test 4: Neuro
Updated:
2011-02-28 13:01:52
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Neurological
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NURS 162, Test 4, Neuro
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  1. Cranial Nerve I
    • Olfactory
    • Origin: olfactory blulb
    • Type: Sensory
    • Fxn: Smell
  2. Cranial Nerve II
    • Optic
    • Origin: Midbrain

    • Type: Sensory
    • Fxn: Central and peripheral vision
  3. Cranial Nerve III
    • Oculomotor
    • Origin: Midbrain
    • Type: Motor to eye muscles
    • Fxn: eye movement via medial and lateral rectus and inferior oblique and superior rectus musc. Lid elevation via the levator musc.

    • Type: Parasympathetic Motor
    • Fxn: pupil constriction, ciliary muscles
  4. Cranial Nerve IV
    • Trochlear
    • Origin: Lower Midbrain
    • Type: Motor
    • Fxn:eye movement superior to oblique musc
  5. Cranial Nerve V
    • Trigeminal
    • Origin: Pons
    • Type: Sensory
    • Fxn: sensation from skin of face and scalp and mucous membranes of mouth and nose

    • Type: Motor
    • Fxn: Muscles of mastication
  6. Cranial Nerve VI
    • Abducens
    • Origin: Inferior pons
    • Type: Motor
    • Fxn: eye movement via lateral rectus musc
  7. Cranial Nerve VII
    • Facial
    • Origin: Inferior pons
    • Type: Sensory
    • Fxn: pain and temp from ear area. deep sensations from the face. taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue

    • Type: Motor
    • Fxn: musles of the face and scalp

    • Type: Parasympathetic Motor
    • Fxn: Lacrimal, submandibular, and sublingual salivary glands
  8. Cranial Nerve VIII
    • Vestibulocochlear
    • Origin: Pons-Medulla Junction
    • Type: Sensory
    • Fxn: Hearing, Equilibrium
  9. Cranial Nerve IX
    • Glossopharygeal
    • Origin: Medulla
    • Type: Sensory
    • Fxn: pain and tep from ear. sensations from posterior 1/3 of tongue and pharynx

    • Type: Motor
    • Fxn: Skeletal musc of throat

    • Type: Parasympathetic Motor
    • Fxn: Paratid Glands
  10. Cranial Nerve X
    • Vagus
    • Origin: Medulla

    • Type: Sensory
    • Fxn: pain and temp from ear. sensations from pharynx, larynx, thoracic and abd viscera

    • Type: Motor
    • Fxn: musc of the soft palate, larynx, and pharynx

    • Type: Parasympathetic motor
    • Fxn: thoracic and abd viscera. cells of secretory glands. cardiac and smooth musc innervation to the level of the splenic flexure
  11. Cranial Nerve XI
    • Accessory
    • Origin: Medulla (anterior gray horn of the cervical spine)

    • Type: Motor
    • Fxn: Skeletal musc of the pharynx and larynx and sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles
  12. Cranial Nerve XII
    • Hypoglossal
    • Origin: Medulla

    • Type: Motor
    • Fxn: Skeletal musc of the tongue
  13. Cerebrum
    • Higher mental functions
    • General movement
    • Perception
    • Integrations of all fxns of the lobes
  14. Frontal Lobe
    • Voluntary skeletal musc movement
    • Fine repetitive motion
    • Eye movements
    • Motor aspects of speech
  15. Parietal Lobe
    • Interpretation of sensations (taste, visual, smell, hearing, temp, pressure, pain, texture, 2pt discr)
    • Recognition of body parts
    • Proprioception
  16. Occipital Lobe
    • Vision center
    • Interpretation of vision
  17. Temporal Lobe
    • Hearing or the perception, reception, and interpretations of sounds
    • Long-term memory
  18. Insula (Corpus Callosum)
    Coordination of activities between the two hemispheres of the cerebrum
  19. Limbic System
    • Mediates:
    • certain primitive behavior responses
    • visceral emotional responses
    • feeding behaviors
    • biological rhythms
    • sense of smell
  20. Thalamus
    • Processing center for interpretation of most sensations except smell
    • Relay center for sensory motor information
  21. Hypothalamus
    • Maintains the internal environment (temp, ANS fxn, endocrine fxn, wakefulness)
    • Regulates emotional expression
  22. Cerebellum
    • Provides conscious and reflexive control of muscle tone
    • Maintains balance and posture
  23. Brainstem
    • Locations of the descending and ascending motor and sensory pathways
    • Connects the cerebrum, cerebellum, and spinal cord
    • Locations of the origin of the 12 cranial nerves

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