Computer.txt

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Author:
ferris2424
ID:
692
Filename:
Computer.txt
Updated:
2009-11-02 16:59:51
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Computer
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Description:
Computer Terms
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  1. Bios
    Basic Input Output System
  2. NTFS
    • (pronounced as separate letters) Short for NT File System, one of the file system for the Windows NT operating system (Windows NT also supports the FAT file system). NTFS has features to improve reliability, such as transaction logs to help recover from disk failures. To control access to files, you can set permissions for directories and/or individual files. NTFS files are not accessible from other operating systems such as DOS.
    • For large applications, NTFS supports spanning volumes, which means files and directories can be spread out across several physical disks.
  3. CMOS
    complementary metal oxide semiconductor
  4. FTP
    File Transfer Protocol
  5. MBR
    Master Boot Record
  6. POST
    Power on self test
  7. Device Manager
    Displays all devices that are configured on a computer.
  8. Event Viewer
    Displays what problem occured, The date and time of the problem, the severity of the problem, the source of the problem, event ID#, which user was log on when problem occured.
  9. API
    Set of guidelines used to ensure that programmers develop applications that are compatible with an Operating System.
  10. PnP
    • Plug and Play
    • Technology developed to simplify the installation of new hardware.
  11. Enunciate
    Pronouce words clearly and distinctly
  12. Scandisk
    A DOS and Windows utility that finds different types of errors on hard disks and is able to correct some of them. In DOS, you run ScanDisk by entering scandisk at the prompt and pressing the Enter key. In Windows 95, you can run ScanDisk by selecting Start->Programs->Accessories->System Tools->ScanDisk.
  13. Disk Cleanup
    The Disk Cleanup tool helps you free up space on your hard disk by searching your disk for files that you can safely delete. You can choose to delete some or all of the files.
  14. CPU
    Central Processing Unit
  15. DMA
    Direct Memory Access
  16. DVD
    Digital Versatile Disc
  17. DVI
    Digital Video Interface
  18. ECC
    Error Correction Code
  19. FSB
    Frontside Bus
  20. HDMI
    High-Definition Multimedia Interface
  21. GPU
    Graphics Processing Unit
  22. IDE
    Integrated Device Electronics or Integrated Development Environment
  23. IRQ
    Interrupt Request
  24. LCD
    Liquid Crystal Display
  25. LED
    Light-Emitting Diode
  26. MAC Address
    Media Access Control Address
  27. NIC
    Network Interface Card
  28. PCI
    Peripheral Component Interconnect
  29. PDA
    Personal Digital Assistant
  30. PS/2
    Personal System/2
  31. Ram
    • Stands for "Random Access Memory," and is pronounced like the male sheep. RAM is made up of small memory chips that form a memory module. These modules are installed in the RAM slots on the motherboard of your computer.
    • Every time you open a program, it gets loaded from the hard drive into the RAM. This is because reading data from the RAM is much faster than reading data from the hard drive. Running programs from the RAM of the computer allows them to function without any lag time. The more RAM your computer has, the more data can be loaded from the hard drive into the RAM, which can effectively speed up your computer. In fact, adding RAM can be more beneficial to your computer's performance than upgrading the CPU.
  32. Rom
    Stands for "Read-Only Memory." Please do not confuse this term with RAM or a hard drive, as many people already do. ROM is memory containing hardwired instructions that the computer uses when it boots up, before the system software loads. In PCs, the instructions are read from a small program in the ROM, called the BIOS (Basic Input/Output System).
  33. SATA
    Serial Advanced Technology Attachment
  34. UPnP
    Universal Plug and Play
  35. VGA
    Video Graphics Array

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