IS 352 Review

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wragsdale
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69242
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IS 352 Review
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2011-03-06 15:30:49
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Study Review Test
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Review sheet for test 1
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  1. First process of science... __________is the process of gathering information using all appropriate senses and instruments that extend the senses.
    Observing
  2. What are the components of good scientific observing?
    Measurements, Changes, Questions and Communication
  3. 2nd procsses of science..... ________ is another main process used in doing science. It is often important to quantify observations by suing a standard unit of measurement.
    Measuring
  4. 3rd process of science....... _______is an important way to organize information in science.
    Classifying
  5. Two special ways of classifying that can be introduced in elementary science.
    Binary classificaiton system and Multisage classification system
  6. A set of objects is divided into two groups on the basis of whether each object has a particular property.
    Binary classificaiton System
  7. The objects in the original set are sorted again and again so that a heerachy of sets and subsets is formed. (Based on differences and similarity)
    Multistage classification system
  8. 4th process of science....... _______ is an imterpretation of observations that is based on prior knowledge and experiences. (Based on experiences not observation)
    Inferring
  9. 5th process of science...... A _________ is a forecast of a possible outcome based on knowlege of patterns in data.
    Predicting
  10. 6th process of science..... Sometimes scientists or students can conrol circumstances deliberately and precisely in an experiment to obtain evidence.
    Experimenting
  11. _______ experiemnts involve (1) deliberately changing one variable at a time, (2) observing the effect on another variable, while (3) holding all other variables constant.
    Controlled
  12. Three types of variables in scientific investigations....
    Manipulated Variable, Responding Vaiable, and Control variable
  13. A ______ variable (also called an independent variable) is a variable that the experimenter deliberately changes or manipulates in an investigation.
    Manipulated
  14. A __________ variable (also called a dependent variable) is a variable that changes in an investigation in response to changes in the manipulated variable.
    Responding
  15. ________ variables are variables that are deliberately kept constant or unchanged in an investigation in order not to confound the results, that is so the investigations is a "fair test".
    Control
  16. 7th process of science.... a ________ is a statement about a possible relationship that might be identified through investigations. This is one of the core activites of scientific investigations.
    Hypothesizing
  17. 8th process of science..... Logically link evidence and scientific knowledge to make sense of puzzling events. (figuring out what information means)
    Explaining
  18. 9th process of science.... Record and present the results of investigations to others in multiple ways.
    Commmunicating
  19. The material that everything is made of. Anything that has mass and volume.
    Matter
  20. Amount of matter in an object (weight).
    Mass
  21. Measure of the force exterted on an object by the pull of the Earth.
    Weight
  22. Amount of space taken up by an object. It is calculated by using a graduated cylinder and measured in ml.
    Volume
  23. Has a constant composition and a specific set of properties.
    Pure Substance
  24. Basic building blocks of matter (1 kind of atome). Can not be decomposed into simpler substances, 92 naturally occuring and rest are made in the lab.
    Elements
  25. 2 or more elements
    Compounds
  26. A combination fo 2 or more pure substances where each substance keep its own identity. They are physically mixed but not chemically combined.
    Mixtures
  27. Apperance shanges
    Characterristics (describe)
    observed or measured
    doesn't involve chemical change
    Physical Properites
  28. Ability of matter to change into a new substance.
    Chemical Property
  29. Color change
    gas is produced (fizzing/bubbling)
    production of light
    +/- temperture
    adhere to the conservation of matter.
    matter will not be created or destroyed in a chemical change
    Signs of a chemical reaction
  30. Well mixed, uniformed to naked eye.
    Homogeneous mixture
  31. If it is not uniformed; not evenly mixed.
    Heterogeneous
  32. From a solid to a liquid.
    (1 of the changes of state of water)
    Melting
  33. From a liquid to a gas.
    (1 of the 6 changes of state of water)
    Evaporation
  34. From a solid to a gas.
    (1 of the 6 changes of state of water)
    Sublimation
  35. From a liquid to a solid.
    (1 of the 6 changes of state of water)
    Freezing
  36. From a gas to a liquid.
    (1 of the 6 changes of state of water)
    Condensation
  37. From a gas to a solid.
    (1 of the 6 changes of state of water)
    Deposition
  38. Which of the 6 changes of state of water require heat?
    Melting, evaporation, sublimation
  39. Which of the 6 changes of state of water requires removal of heat?
    Freezing, condensation, and deposition
  40. Energy absored or released during a change of state? (aka hidden heat)
    Latent Heat
  41. Amount of heat it takes to reaise the tempature of water 10 C.
    Calories
  42. ____ _____ ______ at which the air must be cooled for condenstation to occur.
    Dew point tempature
  43. Change of state from a gas to a liquic with a loss of heat.
    Condensation
  44. Describes the amount of water vapor in the air.
    Humidity
  45. Maximum possible amount of water vapor the air can hold at a given temperature and pressure.
    Saturation
  46. 3 subtatomic particles
    Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons
  47. Inside the nucleus
    postive charge
    # in nucleus is atomic number
    different for each element
    tells type of element
    Proton
  48. smallest part of 3 atomic particles
    # is always equal to protons in atom
    influences chemical reaction
    outside of mucleous
    negative charge
    Electrons
  49. inside nucleus
    has no charge
    together protons and neutrons make up atomic mass #.
    Neutrons
  50. Number of protons found in the nucleus.
    Atomic number
  51. The total number of protons, neutrons, and electrons in a single atom.
    Atomic Mass Number (atomic weight)
  52. When 2 or more atoms combine. It is the smallest part of the compound.
    Molecule
  53. 2 elements at room temperture. Both are in blue on Periodic Table.
    Bromine (Br) and Mecury (Hg)
  54. silvery gray
    located on left hand side of periodic table
    shiny metallic luster
    might be magnetic
    good conductor of heat and electricty
    high density (heavy)
    Metals
  55. located on right hand side of periodic table
    non-shiny
    brittle
    not magnetic
    doesn't conduct heat or electricty
    low density
    Non-Metals
  56. semi conductors
    have some properties of both metal and non metal
    solid
    dull/shiny
    Metalloid

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