social studies comp 2

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social studies comp 2
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2011-02-27 15:29:43
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unit 8 chapters 21 & 22
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  1. An organization linked to a political party that often controlled local government
    political machine
  2. Another name for the spoils system, in which government jobs or favors are often given out to political allies and friends
    Patronage
  3. A body of non-elected government officials
    Civil Service
  4. A combination of firms or corporations formed by a legal agreement, especially to reduce competition
    Trust
  5. A journalists who uncovers abuses and corruption in a society
    Muckraker
  6. An election in which voters choose their party's candidate
    Primary
  7. The right of citizens to place a measure or issue before the voters or the legislature for approval
    Initiative
  8. The practice of letting voters accept or reject measures proposed by the legislature
    Referendum
  9. The right that enables voters to remove unsatifactory elected officials from office
    Recall
  10. The protection and preservation of natural resources
    Conservation
  11. A person who fought for women's right to vote
    Suffragist
  12. The nationwide ban on the manufacture, sale, and transportation of liquor in the U.S. which became the 18th Ammendment
    Prohibition
  13. Someone who breaks up a trust into smaller companies
    Trustbuster
  14. Settling a dispute by agreeing to accept the decision of an impartial outsider
    Arbitration
  15. Theodore Roosevelt's promise of fair and equal treatment for all
    Square Deal
  16. Policy that the government should interfere as little as possible in the nation's economy
    Laissez-faire
  17. Unfair treatment of a group because of race, religion, ethnic background, or place of birth
    Discrimination
  18. A Spanish-speaking neighborhood in a city, especially the the southwest U.S.
    Barrio
  19. Arrangement in which contractors increased the amount of their bill for city work and paid a percentage of that amount to the bosses
    Kickback
  20. Corrupt leader of the New York democratic political machine, sent to prison in 1872
    William M. "Boss" Tweed
  21. 19th U.S. president who tried to change the spoils system by reforming the civil service
    Rutherford B. Hayes
  22. The first federal law to control trusts and monopolies
    Sherman Antitrust Act
  23. Law passed by Congress requirring railroads to charge and publish reasonable and just rates
    Interstate Commerce Act
  24. Author of "The Jungle" which described the appalling conditions of the meatpacking industry. Spurred The Pure and Drug Act and federal meat inspection
    Upton Sinclair
  25. Reformer who established commmunity services in poor neighborhoods to help residents, mostly immirants. She established the Hull House, a settlement house in Chicago
    Jane Addams
  26. Leader of the women's suffrage movement. She was also involved in the temperance and abolisionist movements Her portait is on the dollar coin
    Susan B. Anthony
  27. Leader of the women's suffrage movement who broke away from the national group and formed a more radical group who picketed the White House. met with President Wilson but failed to win his support for women's suffrage
    Alice Paul
  28. Known as the prohibtion law. made it illegal to make, sell, or transport alcohol in the U.S.
    Eighteenth Ammendment
  29. Became famous for his "Rough Riders" fight on Cuba's San Juan Hill. Became the 26th president after Mckinley was assinated. He promoted the constuction of the Panama Canal, and promoter progressive reforms as well as business regulations
    Theodore Roosevelt
  30. Union which held months' long strike for higher wages and work hour reduction
    United Mine Workers
  31. Authorized as a graduated income tax to generate revenue for the federal governement
    Sixteenth Ammendment
  32. Newly formed party, split from the republicans because the felt that their policies were not represented, Theodore Roosevelt was the presidential candidate
    Progressive Party
  33. Established by Congress to investigate corporations for unfair trade practices
    Federal Trade Commisson
  34. Organization that began in the South to imtimidate African Americans, Catholics, Jews, immigrants, and other groups that they considered "un-American"
    Klu Klux Klan
  35. African american women and author who launched a crusade against lynching in spite of personal risk to herself
    Ida B. Wells
  36. African American author who was most concerned with protecting and exercising voting rights, first African American to recieve a doctrate from Harvard. helped form the NAACP
    W.E.B Du Bois
  37. African American chemist and botanist who discovered many uses for plant products, inclucing peanut and soybean
    George Washington Carver
  38. A national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs
    Isolationism
  39. A long period of risking stock prices
    Expansionism
  40. The actions used by one nation to exercise political or economis control over smaller or weaker nations
    Imperalism
  41. Bringing an area under the control of a larger company
    Annexation
  42. Section of a country where one foreign nation enjoys special rights and powers
    Spheres of Influence
  43. A policy that allowed each foreign nation in China to trade freely in the other nations' spheres of influence
    Open Door Policy
  44. writings which exaggerate gruesome events to attract readers, often false reporting
    Yellow Journanlism
  45. A temperary peace agreement to end fighting
    Armistice
  46. A country that is technically independant but is actually under control of another country
    Protectorate
  47. A narrow strip of land connecting two larger land areas
    Isthmus
  48. Disorder and lawlessness
    Anarchy
  49. A policy of joining the business interests of a country with its diplomatic interests abroad
    Dollar Diplomacy
  50. U.S. Commodore who arrived in force in Japan and negotiated a peace treaty
    Matthew Perry
  51. Secretary of State under Lincoln who supported expantionist view. He signed a Treaty with Russia to buy Alaska for $7.2 million
    William H. Seward
  52. Minister who proposed that Americans bring their religion and culture to the people of Africa, Asia, and Latin America
    Josiah Strong
  53. Queen of Hawaii who wanted Hawaiians to gain control of their islans from the Americans
    Queen Liliuokalani
  54. 22nd and 24th U.S. predident, he oppossed annexation of Hawaii
    Grover Cleveland
  55. Islands south of Hawaii directly on the trade route linking Australia and the U.S. the U.S., Eurpoeans, and Germany divided up the islands without consulting the Samoans
    Samoa Islands
  56. A secret Chinese group who besieged foreign embassies in Beijing, killing 200 foreigners and taking other prisoners in hope to get rid of foreign control
    Boxer Rebellion
  57. Treaty signed by Japan and Russia which reconized Japan's control of Korea in return for a promise by Japan to halt its expansion
    Treaty of Portsmouth
  58. President Theodore Roosevelt sent 16 ships of the U.S. Navy around the world to showcase nation's military might
    Great White Fleet
  59. Exciled Cuban leader in the U.S. who brought together groups who raised funds, purchased weapons, and trained some troops for a Cuban invasion
    Jose Marti
  60. Americans cry for revenge against spain, spurred by american newspapers
    "Remember The Maine"
  61. U.S commodore who launched a surprise attack on the spanish fleet
    George Dewey
  62. First Regignment of the U.S Calvary Volunteers made up of former cowhands and college students, joined the Battle of San Juan Hill
    Rough Riders
  63. U.S and Cuba's agreement which granted Cubans their independence but prohibited them from making treaties with other nations and gave America control of a naval base in Guatamala bay
    Platt Amedment
  64. A country which is an isthmus between The Carribean Sea and the Pacicfic Ocean
    Panama
  65. A U.S army doctor and colonel who helped elminate yellow fever and malaria in Cuba and Panama
    William Gorgas
  66. Mexican revolution leader who led guerilaa warfare to defeat U.S troops supporting the Mexican dictator during the Mmexican Revolution
    Pancho Villa

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