Card Set Information
Who was the first scientist?
Standard unit of mass and abbreviation
How is weight measured
Scientific unit of force
Weight in pounds.
is how much three-dimensional space a substance (solid, liquid, gas, or plasma) or shape occupies or contains
One kilogram is the same as..
Force = net force
Vector quantity has both direction and magnitude (how much).
Arrow that represents direction and length
Does an object at 0 net force mean it is at rest?
No. It does mean its
state of motion remains unchanged.
It can be at rest or moving uniformly in a straight line.
When the net force on something is 0, we say the object is in
"the vector sum of"
The forces acting upward on the body must be balanced by other forces acting downward to make vector sum equal zero.
What is a support force?
How much is my support force
an upward force opposite to the force of gravity.
140 as proven by the scale
: at rest
: moving at constant speed in a straight-line path
How can an item be moving at a constant rate and have no net force?
Once in motion, if there is no net force to change the state of motion, it moves at an unchanging speed and is in dynamic equilibrium. Whether equillibirum is static or dynamic, it equals zero.
Air resistance acts sideways/downward/upward/all directions
instantenous: at that given moment
avg: avg speed for that trip
distance covered per amount of time traveled.
The time it takes to move that distance.
When we know both the ___, and the ____, then we know the velocity.
speed and direction
undergoing variations in their motion
When a car is turning, even if its speed does not change, it is accelerating...why?
It's direction is changing.
Acceleration can involve a change in speed, direction, or both.
When the only force that acts on a falling object is that due to gravity.
Air resistance does NOT affect motion. In a vaccuum. Falls at a speed of 10 m/s.
Newton's first law of motion
Every object continues in a state of rest or of uniform speed in a straight line unless acted on by a nonzero force.
Newton's second law of motion
The acceleration produced by a net force on an object is directly proportional to the net force, is in the same direction as the net force, and is inversely porportional to the mass of the object.
Why dont two bricks fall twice as fast?
Accelerations depeneds not only on the force but on the object's resistance to motion--it's inertia.